Delta could furlough more than 2,500 pilots, will downsize flight attendant bases
Delta Air Lines is offering more details on its plans to shrink as the coronavirus pandemic continues to take a big bite of its business, warning thousands of pilots of possible furloughs and closing flight attendant bases across the country.
The Atlanta-based carrier intends to notify 2,558 pilots of possible furloughs in the coming weeks, Delta senior vice president of flight operations John Laughter told staff in a memo on June 26 viewed by TPG. The furloughs will occur after the employment protections under the federal government’s coronavirus aid package, or CARES Act, sunset on Sept. 30.
CNBC first reported on the furlough notices that will be sent to some of Delta’s roughly 13,000 pilots.
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Other major U.S. carriers, including American Airlines and United Airlines, are expected to follow Delta’s lead and warn staff of layoffs or furloughs in the coming weeks. Under federal rules, the airlines must give workers 60 days notice -- or by early August for an October furlough.
The Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) and Association of Flight Attendants-CWA are both pushing to get the U.S. Congress to extend the worker protections under the CARES Act. ALPA represents pilots at Delta and a number of other carriers.
The layoffs are in preparation for what many in the industry expect a years-long recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has warned that domestic flying may not return to 2019 levels until 2022, and international flying until 2024.
Related: Delta Air Lines will shrink its European footprint after coronavirus
In addition to the pilot reductions, Delta will downgrade its flight attendant bases in Cincinnati (CVG), Honolulu (HNL) and San Francisco (SFO) to a remote status, the airline’s senior vice president of in-flight service Allison Ausband told cabin crews in a separate memo on June 26. While no longer officially bases per Delta's own guidelines, a select number of cabin crewmembers -- around 80 in Cincinnati and Honolulu -- will be able to continue to begin and end trips in the cities after the transition.
However, the availability of similar remote statuses for Delta flight attendants in Chicago, San Diego and Tampa will end, said Ausband. She did not provide a timeline for any of the changes.
The downgraded statuses are not expected to impact Delta’s flying from any of the cities for the foreseeable future, though much about the trajectory of the recovery remains unknown.
Related: Delta sending Airbus A350s to Los Angeles, will close Cincinnati pilot base
However, the fate of Delta’s former hub in Cincinnati may be sealed. The airline unveiled plans to close its pilot base there in May leaving the city -- once its sole Midwestern hub -- with no official Delta base, just the remote status for flight attendants.
“The unprecedented challenges of COVID-19 have impacted our business and people in ways we never could have imagined,” said Ausband. “It pains me to be talking about an in-flight landscape where we're shrinking in size and footprint; however, we know it's the right, but difficult thing to do to help our company weather this storm.”
Ultra low-cost carrier Frontier Airlines has already announced expanded service from Cincinnati on five routes beginning in July. The discounter's CEO Barry Biffle recently told TPG in an exclusive interview that the carrier plans to grow out of the crisis.
Every U.S. carrier faces serious challenges from the pandemic. In April, the industry as a whole flew less than 20% of what it flew a year ago amid unprecedented flying reductions aimed to stem losses as most would-be travelers stayed home, according to data from trade group Airlines for America (A4A). Still, financial losses surpassed $100 million a day at the worst-hit carriers.
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While some leisure travelers have returned, the industry still faces the prospect of a multi-year recovery. Discounters like Frontier and Spirit Airlines that fly mostly holidaygoers have seen the largest share of their flyers return. At the same time, major carriers American, Delta and United that rely more on business travel are seeing a more muted recovery.
Delta has taken a conservative approach to the recovery. In addition to repeatedly warning staff of furloughs or layoffs to come, executives have said the airline only plans to be flying about half of what it flew at the end of 2019 this December. However, the recent rise in COVID-19 infections in some southern and western states may slow this.
In preparing for this smaller future, Delta has retired its McDonnell Douglas MD-88 and MD-90 jets, and will remove its Boeing 777s sometime this fall.
Related: Delta operates final MD-88, MD-90 flights amid tough times for airlines
“Things were starting to improve but then what happened, the virus,” Delta CEO Ed Bastian told staff during a virtual town hall on June 25 viewed by TPG. “We’ll continue to stay, as best we can, ahead of the virus.”
Delta hopes to be breaking even financially by the end of the year. However, to get there executives have said it must reduce costs in line with being a smaller airline.
Related: Delta likely to pull flights as number of US coronavirus cases rises
This story has been updated to clarify that Delta is downgrading its flight attendant bases in Honolulu, Cincinnati and San Francisco. In addition, we removed a reference to possible future flying between Honolulu and Japan.