How to assess and build your credit card portfolio

Feb 23, 2020

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Whether you have one credit card, a few credit cards or 19 credit cards, you may be wondering whether you have the right cards in your wallet. You also may be wondering how to further build your card card portfolio.

These are personal questions, with different answers for each individual. In this guide I will present various things to consider when you’re looking to evaluate and improve your credit card portfolio.

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In This Post

How do I build my credit card portfolio?

A good place to start is to determine which credit and charge cards you currently hold, as well as their benefits, earning rates and annual fees. You may also want to check your credit score, which you can do for free through various means.

Once you have a good understanding of your current situation, you can determine whether to add any new cards to your portfolio, as well as whether any cards in your current portfolio are no longer necessary. Let’s dive in.

Related reading: 5 ways to improve your credit score

Top card categories

(Photo by Orli Friedman / The Points Guy)
What type of card would work best for you? (Photo by Orli Friedman/The Points Guy)

Since this article is on The Points Guy, naturally we’re going to focus on credit cards that earn rewards for your spending. Rewards cards generally earn one of three types of rewards:

Cash back

Cash-back credit cards generally provide the most straightforward redemption: cash back in the form of a statement credit, check, gift card or deposit. However, some require a minimum redemption value or only allow statement credits to offset particular types of purchases.

Related reading: How to use cash back to hit your travel goals

Hotel or airline points/miles

Select cobranded airline credit cards and hotel credit cards earn points or miles associated with a particular hotel brand or airline loyalty program. These cards can provide a valuable method of earning points or miles for a particular program, but in most cases you’ll be limited to redeeming your points or miles with that one program. (Marriott Bonvoy and Hilton Honors are exceptions, as you can transfer Marriott points and Hilton points to various airline partners.)

Related reading: Are cobranded airline cards worth it anymore?

Transferable currencies

The third type of rewards is transferable points or miles. These points or miles are generally more valuable because they can be transferred to travel partners and used to book award flights or nights through the partner’s loyalty program. For example, you can transfer Chase Ultimate Rewards points earned by the Chase Sapphire Reserve or Chase Sapphire Preferred Card to 10 airline and three hotel transfer partners including Hyatt, Virgin Atlantic and Singapore Airlines. You can usually also use these points or miles to book directly through the issuer’s travel portal, but you may get less value from these redemptions.

Related reading: Which credit cards can transfer points to airlines and hotels?

Top card benefits

(Photo by Katie Genter / The Points Guy)
Some cards provide airport lounge access, which can be valuable if you travel frequently. (Photo by Katie Genter/The Points Guy)

There are many different types of credit cards with many different types of benefits. Here are some of those possible benefits:

Some of these benefits may provide significant value to particular cardholders but little value to others, so it’s important to realistically evaluate how valuable a card’s benefits will actually be for you. For any cards you currently hold, make sure you understand their benefits and how much value you place on these benefits.

Related reading: TPG readers offer their 2020 credit card perks wish list

Choosing a card based on your spending

Generic card, groceries, supermarket, cashier
Make sure you’re earning bonus points on high-spending categories. (Photo by GeorgeRudy/Getty Images)

Most rewards cards offer bonus earning for spending in certain categories. Here are the best cards in popular spending categories:

Take a look at your spending and the bonus categories on the current cards you carry. Are there any categories where you are currently spending a significant amount of money but not earning bonus points? If so, you may want to get a new card that has bonus earning for that specific category.

Alternatively, are there any categories where you spend a significant amount and can improve your earnings by moving your spending to a new credit card? If so, it may be worth adding a new card to your wallet.

Related reading: The best cards for each bonus category

Should I pay any annual fees?

(Photo by Beatrix Boros/Stocksy)
Is a card’s benefits and earning worth its annual fee? (Photo by Beatrix Boros/Stocksy)

Some people prefer to only utilize credit cards with no annual fees. However, the benefits and additional earning may justify paying an annual fee in some situations, so I’d recommend not immediately excluding cards with an annual fee.

Here are a few articles where we consider whether paying an annual fee is worth it:

This being said, cards with no annual fee can be excellent additions to your credit card portfolio since they can increase your earnings on particular purchases without costing you anything besides another credit inquiry. This is particularly true in the case of the Chase Freedom (No longer open to new applicants), Chase Freedom Unlimited and Citi® Double Cash Card since the rewards earned by these cards become more valuable if you have an eligible premium card in the Chase Ultimate Rewards family and Citi ThankYou Rewards family, respectively.

The information for the Chase Freedom, Chase Freedom Unlimited, Amex Green Card has been collected independently by The Points Guy. The card details on this page have not been reviewed or provided by the card issuer.

Related reading: Why a $500+ per year credit card isn’t crazy at all

What if a card is no longer useful?

(Photo by Isabelle Raphael / The Points Guy)
Is it time to remove a card from your wallet? (Photo by Isabelle Raphael/The Points Guy)

So far, we’ve mainly considered adding new credit cards to your portfolio. But, what if you’ve identified a credit card that is no longer useful to your earning and redeeming strategy? In this case, if the card has no annual fee, there’s no harm in keeping the card. Just be sure to put a small amount of spending on it occasionally to keep your account active. This is especially important if this card is one of your oldest cards, as closing it would decreased your average account age (which would affect your credit score).

If a card has an annual fee and you don’t find the benefits and earning rates on the card justify the annual fee, then you’ll want to take action. You may want to call the number on the back of the card when your annual fee comes due and explain why you can’t justify paying the annual fee. The agent might provide you a credit card retention offer, or you can inquire whether there’s an option to downgrade your card to a no-annual-fee version. Otherwise, you may want to close your account to avoid the annual fee. Just do these things first if you do choose to close your card.

Related reading: Should I cancel my credit cards if I don’t use them anymore?

Selecting the perfect card mix

(Photo by Isabelle Raphael / The Points Guy)
Select the perfect mix of cards for yourself. (Photo by Isabelle Raphael/The Points Guy)

The perfect card mix is different for each person. You’ll want to consider the following questions:

If you are looking to focus your earning on American Express Membership Rewards points or Chase Ultimate Rewards points, you may want to consider one of the following collections of cards and use them as recommended:

If you’re looking to earn a more diverse set of rewards, you may prefer a mixed strategy that earns a range of transferable points and cash back on most purchases while also providing useful benefits. You may prefer to create a mixture of the following types of cards that best fits your needs:

The information for the Capital One Savor Cash Rewards Credit Card, Capital One Spark Miles for Business has been collected independently by The Points Guy. The card details on this page have not been reviewed or provided by the card issuer.

Related reading: The best business and personal credit card combinations

Related guides

Featured image by Wyatt Smith/The Points Guy.

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