Which European countries have COVID-19 restrictions in place this Christmas?

Dec 23, 2021

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The omicron variant is laying waste to festive travel plans across the European continent. Christmas markets are shutting down, events are being cancelled and borders are again closing to some foreigners.

France and Germany have issued outright bans on British travelers hoping to get away for the winter break while a growing number of other European countries have tightened restrictions on visitors from abroad too.

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As for the countries that have not brought in specific travel restrictions or outright bans on international travel, many have imposed a variety of internal rules that could severely limit the holiday experience — particularly for the unvaccinated.

Related: Omicron scrambling holiday plans in several major American cities

Some governments, for example, are closing bars, restaurants, and other indoor venues, while others are demanding that anyone who wishes to socialize must provide official proof of a recent vaccination. In short, this means tourists to these destinations may be unable to go out for meals or enjoy many of Europe’s top attractions as they have previously.

For a complete list of new COVID-19 requirements in Europe be sure to check out our country-by-country guide to reopenings. 

Europe’s COVID-19 restrictions by country

Albania

Borders are open as usual, but you will have to provide either proof of vaccination, a PCR test taken within 72 hours, a rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours or proof of recovery from COVID-19 in the last six months. 

Albania also has a 11 p.m. curfew on all bars and restaurants. 

Armenia

You can now enter Armenia with a negative PCR test certificate taken within 72 hours prior to arrival or a vaccine certificate with the second dose taken at least 14 days before entering the country. 

Austria

There is an 11 p.m. curfew in restaurants and bars and face masks must be worn on public transport. FFP2 face masks are compulsory in all enclosed spaces, while nightclubs and après-ski locations remain closed until at least Jan. 10, 2022 nationwide. 

According to the U.S. Embassy in Austria, all businesses are closed except for essential businesses (grocery stores, pharmacies, banks, and post offices, food delivery or take-out services). All non-essential retail and cultural facilities are also closed, including restaurants, bars, hotels, museums, Christmas markets, shopping malls, barbers and hairdressers, etc. Airports, trains and local public transportation remain open.

Fully vaccinated Americans can visit Austria without pre-travel registration by presenting one of the following: proof of COVID-19 vaccination or proof of having recovered from an infection within the past six months. Details and updates on entry requirements can be found here.

Azerbaijan

All travelers over the age of 18 must have proof of vaccination or proof of immunity from a recent infection. 

Once in the country, over-18s will require proof of vaccination to enter indoor venues, including restaurants, cafes, and shopping centers.

Belarus

Not the best time to visit Belarus given the volatile political situation there which the U.K. Foreign Office describes as a “violent crackdown against demonstrators across Belarus following Presidential elections on 9 August 2020”.

But for those who do want to go, you’ll need to provide a PCR test taken within 72 hours. Unvaccinated travelers from a “red zone” country must self-quarantine for seven days — and complete the full quarantine on arrival. 

Belgium

Working from home has been compulsory since November, while there is a six-person limit on bars and restaurants where social distancing can be accommodated. Indoor venues where it can’t have been shut down completely.

Belgium is currently only allowing vaccinated Americans into the country for nonessential travel, according to the U.S. Embassy in Belgium, but they must test upon arrival and self-quarantine. Belgium, which has been hit hard by COVID-19, had been under a severe lockdown and some restrictions remain.

Americans are urged to check Belgium’s list of countries by color status before travel. All travelers to Belgium must fill out a passenger locator form at least 48 hours ahead of arrival. Details and updates are here. and here.

Belgium has also instituted social distancing restrictions that remain in place. Face masks are required on public transit. A COVID-Safe Ticket (proof of vaccination or a recent negative test) is also required for many public venues. For more information, check the country’s Current Measures updates.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Borders remain open, but you’ll need a negative COVID-19 test (PCR or antigen) not older than 48 hours if coming from Europe and not older than 72 hours if arriving from other countries (including the United States), a COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing full vaccination completed 10 days prior to arrival, or a doctor’s certificate of COVID-19 recovery in the period 10 to 180 days prior to arrival.

Bulgaria

Over-18s need either a vaccination certificate, proof of recovery from the virus, or a negative PCR taken no more than 72 hours before arrival. 

Bulgarian restrictions look a lot like most other European countries right now: you’ll need a COVID-19 pass to get into restaurants, bars, gyms, museums, and other non-essential indoor settings. Masks must be worn in all public indoor spaces. Face shields, scarfs, or other face coverings are not permitted in place of a face mask.

Croatia

If you’re fully jabbed, recovered, or can prove a recent negative test you can go. You just need a valid COVID-19 certificate. No curbs on visiting bars or restaurants yet, but face masks must be worn on public transport, taxis, and in shops.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Croatia, U.S. tourists must fill out the Enter Croatia form, have a negative result of a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or an approved rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival and proof of vaccination.

Cyprus

In December, Cyprus said all travelers over 12 years old will have to take a COVID-19 test and quarantine until the results are confirmed. People aged 6 and above will need a COVID-19 certificate to get into venues including shopping malls and restaurants.

According to the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus, tourists may travel from the United States to the Republic of Cyprus provided they have an approved “Cyprus Flight Pass” and have uploaded either proof being fully vaccinated or proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding a flight to Cyprus

Czech Republic

Czech authorities have declared a state of emergency, making it compulsory to wear face coverings in all indoor public spaces. Restaurants and bars close at 10pm and you are not allowed to drink alcohol outside licensed premises at any time. Many Christmas markets are closed. 

A COVID-19 pass must be provided as a valid proof of health on entry. 

New guidance requires unvaccinated travelers from “very high risk” counties (which is how the U.S. is classified) to fill out a passenger locator form and provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. Arrivals are then required to wear an FPP2 or KN95 respirator mask in public before undergoing an RT-PCR test between the 5th and 7th day after entering the Czech Republic and awaiting the result, unless the public health authority has decided otherwise in exceptional circumstances. Details are here and here.

According to the U.S. Embassy in the Czech Republic, if a U.S. traveler is fully vaccinated, only a Passenger Locator Form (PLF) and proof of vaccination are required for entry

Denmark

While a full lockdown is not being considered, Danish premier Mette Frederiksen has closed concert halls, cinemas, and theaters.

Americans who are fully vaccinated can currently travel to Denmark without having to undergo pre-travel testing or self-isolation.

Related: Denmark has reopened to fully vaccinated US and UK travelers

Estonia

Proof of vaccination is needed if you don’t want to spend 10-days upon arrival in isolation — which is what unvaccinated travelers are required to do. 

U.S. travelers who have proof of being fully vaccinated can enter and must fill out an online declaration of health form within 72 hours before  arrival in Estonia. Only unvaccinated U.S. travelers deemed to be visiting for a worthy purpose (work, study or family reasons, but not tourism) can enter and are required to complete the declaration of health form, present a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of travel and complete a 10-day quarantine (which can be shortened with a test on day six). See more information here.

France

The French government canceled all major public parties and fireworks displays for New Year’s Eve. The famous Strasbourg Christmas Market is still happening, but some market locations may be closed.

A digital health pass is required for visitors to do almost anything, including airplane, train and long-distance car trips as well as visiting cafes, restaurants, medical facilities and shopping centers, in response to new mandates implemented by President Emmanuel Macron. French authorities have been accepting the CDC card as acceptable evidence of vaccination for entry into France, but it is not accepted as a French health pass required for domestic travel within France or to enter cultural sites, museums, theatres, restaurants, bars, nightclubs, cafes, etc.

Related: France bans unvaccinated Americans 

France closed its borders to both British tourists and business travelers from Dec. 18, unless they can prove they have “compelling reasons” to cross the Channel. French nationals and their spouses, however, are still allowed to return home for Christmas, where authorities have already 

Georgia

There are commercial flights to and from Georgia. Committed travelers can also get there by train from Armenia. Then you’ll need ​​to be deemed “green status” to enter hotels, restaurants and other indoor spaces by proving you’re fully jabbed, recovered, or can prove a recent negative test.

Germany

U.S. residents may enter Germany with proof of full vaccination or of full recovery for anyone over the age of 12 . Children under 12 years of age have to be accompanied by a fully vaccinated person.

Related: Germany requires vaccination

Many institutions and recreational facilities are now enforcing proof of vaccination or a recent negative COVID-19 test for patrons wishing to enter, per the German government. Affected areas include fitness studios, hotels, cafes and restaurants.

All Christmas markets in the Bavaria and Saxony regions including favorites like Dresden, Leipzig, Munich and Nuremberg are closed.

Greece

As of Dec. 17, all arriving passengers need to have a negative COVID-19 test result. All foreigners aged five and older will need to show either a PCR test taken within 72 hours before their arrival or a rapid antigen test less than 24 hours old.

The government is also restricting access for unvaccinated individuals for many categories of businesses and public services, according to the U.S. Embassy. Customers seeking access to banks, public services, retail shops, restaurants (including outdoor cafes), entertainment facilities, and hair salons are required to present a COVID-19 vaccination certificate or documentation of recovery from COVID-19.

The unvaccinated will not be allowed to enter nightclubs, indoor restaurants, theatres, cinemas, museums, exhibitions, conferences, gyms and stadiums. 

At present, it is mandatory to wear a mask in all indoor public places, as well as crowded outdoor spaces, in all areas of Greece. 

Plus, if you are over 60 years old and more than seven months have passed since your second vaccination and you have not received a booster, Greece considers your vaccination status expired.

The CDC card issued to those vaccinated in the U.S. is acceptable as proof of vaccination.

Hungary

Fully vaccinated travelers can enter Hungary without providing a negative test. Inside the country, it is compulsory to wear a face mask in all indoor public spaces. You will need an immunity certificate to go to outdoor sporting events, as well as events with more than 500 people, such as Christmas markets. 

Iceland

Iceland is one of the more relaxed European nations when it comes to COVID-19 restrictions.

Iceland is welcoming U.S. travelers — but they can only avoid arrival screening, testing and a five-day quarantine if they’ve completed their COVID-19 vaccination or can present proof of a previous infection via a positive antibody test. Vaccinated U.S. travelers no longer need to test upon arrival as of July 1, 2021, but as of July 27, 2021, they do need to pre-test before travel. All vaccinated travelers to Iceland (except those with ties to the country or those simply transiting without leaving the airport) are required to present a negative test (PCR or rapid antigen), taken within 72 hours of departure, before boarding an aircraft to Iceland.

Related: Travel to Iceland during the coronavirus pandemic — the complete guide

The U.K.’s COVID-19 passport will also get you into Iceland and when there you are expected to follow social distancing rules. 

Ireland

As of Monday, hospitality venues, cinemas and theaters must close by 8pm in measures that will stay in place until at least Jan. 30. Sporting events have also been limited to 50% spectator capacity. Weddings will have a cut-off time of midnight and a limit of 100 guests.

As of Dec. 5, all travelers to Ireland, regardless of vaccination status, must present a negative COVID-19 test to enter the country. Fully vaccinated travelers, as well as those who can show proof of recovery from COVID-19, can enter with a negative antigen test taken no more than 48 hours prior to arrival or a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours, while unvaccinated travelers must present a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival and self-quarantine for five days after taking an arrival PCR test and then test again no sooner than day 5 to end quarantine.

 All travelers must fill out a passenger locator form. Requirements for traveling to Ireland are here. Details on the latest restrictions can be found here and here.

Related: Americans will be welcomed back to Ireland without quarantine on July 19, 2021

Italy

The unvaccinated will have to quarantine for five days after stepping off the flight. 

Americans are allowed to visit Italy for tourism, but they once again need to be fully vaccinated or have proof of recovery from a COVID-19 infection within the past six months, as well as provide a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours of arrival in Italy, to avoid a five-day self-isolation and additional testing.

And once inside the country, you must have a COVID-19 “Super Green Pass” that shows proof of vaccination or recovery from the virus within the last six months.

Read more: What it’s like to visit Italy on day 1 of the vaccine pass mandate

All unvaccinated travelers must present a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours, self-isolate for five days and undergo a PCR or antigen test at the end of isolation.

All passengers traveling to Italy need to fill out the EU Digital Passenger Locator Form.

Kosovo

Flights to Kosovo are restricted and movement within the country is under a midnight curfew. Taxis are restricted to two passengers and to use public transport you will need to show either, a negative PCR test less than 72 hours old, a negative antigen test less than 48 hours old, or proof of vaccination.

Cafes, bars and restaurants are permitted to open until 11 p.m. while nightclubs, festivals, weddings, family parties, and other social gatherings are strictly prohibited.

Latvia

A state of emergency remains in place until 11 January.  Facemasks must be worn indoors, including on public transport, and in crowded outdoor settings such as markets — or face a fine. You’ll need a COVID-19 vaccine pass to enter the country.

U.S. citizens arriving from the U.S. or other countries deemed by the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control of Latvia as countries with high levels of COVID-19 are currently prohibited from entering Latvia unless they have official proof of being fully vaccinated, per the U.S. Embassy in Latvia.

As of Sept. 2, 2021, only vaccinated travelers with a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention paper vaccination certificate, a digital EU COVID-19 certificate or a vaccination certificate issued in the EU, the EEA countries, Switzerland or the United Kingdom can travel to Latvia for nonessential travel without testing or quarantine requirements.

Liechtenstein

Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein, meaning that as long as you are qualified to enter Switzerland, you are able to enter Liechtenstein since there’s an open border between the two countries.

All Americans had been allowed in for tourism as of June 28, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy, but now only fully vaccinated U.S. travelers are permitted. Those arriving by airplane must fill out a digital entry form and present proof of being fully vaccinated within the past 12 months or having recovered from COVID-19 within the past six months.

Lithuania

This is a medical facemask-only zone. These should be three layers of non-woven material and bear the CE marking on their packaging. They must be worn in all indoor areas, with apparently no exceptions. You will also need to provide proof of COVID-19 recovery or vaccination record is accepted at airports into the country. 

Fully vaccinated travelers from a red or gray country (which is how the U.S. is classified) do not have to test or quarantine. See details here. All travelers, however, must complete a registration form to receive a QR code to present before boarding. and those from red or gray countries (including the U.S.) who have not been vaccinated and are allowed to enter must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure or an antigen test taken within 48 hours of departure and self-isolate for 10 days (with a shortening of time after a negative test on day six).

Luxembourg

You’ll need to prove your vaccine status in the same way that other countries mentioned here expect (COVID-19 pass, negative test result, etc.). 

Facemasks are compulsory pretty much everywhere you would expect — shops, museums etc. All bars and restaurants are required to use the “CovidCheck” system whereby only those vaccinated, recovered, or with a “certificate of contraindication to vaccination” can enter. To get a certificate, visit their official website

Malta

You can enter Malta with the usual proof of good health, including a COVID-19 pass so long as it has a valid QR code (see above). 

There, facemasks must be worn in all public spaces. Groups in public places are limited to 6 people unless from the same household. A maximum of 4 households are allowed to meet indoors or face a fine. 

Moldova

You will need either a vaccine certificate, a negative PCR (72 hours) or antigen (48 hours) test, or an antibodies certificate valid for 90 days since you had the test. You will need to present this to enter any show, nightclub, or other public events, as well as wear a mask in all outdoor public gatherings and indoor spaces. 

Monaco

Regardless of nationality, anyone aged 16 or over must present specific documents upon arrival depending on whether their country of origin is classified as green, orange or red zone. 

If you’re traveling from a green zone country you must show one of the following: a negative PCR or antigen test that was taken 24 hours prior to arriving, full vaccination, details of which can be found here or, proof of recovery from COVID-19

The Embassy of Monaco in Washington, D.C., reports until further notice, fully vaccinated travelers over the age of 11 from the U.S. and Canada are permitted to travel to Monaco (whose immigration is overseen by France) for tourism with proof of full vaccination and a pre-travel negative PCR or Antigen test taken within 72 or 48 hours of boarding, respectively, while unvaccinated U.S. travelers age 11 and up must have an essential reason to visit and present a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding. Unvaccinated travelers are also required to submit to random antigen testing upon arrival and seven days of self-isolation.

France handles immigration and customs for Monaco. Details are here. As is the case for France, a digital health pass is required to access public venues, including restaurants, bars and museums. Americans can apply for this pass online, but it is not guaranteed that you will receive a pass in time for your travels. Alternatively, you can take a COVID-19 test in Monaco and submit the results of that for a temporary, 72-hour health pass.

Montenegro

You will need to prove you’ve been jabbed or have a negative PCR (72 hours) or antigen (48 hours) test, or an antibodies certificate to enter the Balkan nation. You’ll need one of these to visit bars, restaurants, and other public places and must wear a facemask.

The Netherlands

The Netherlands announced a strict new lockdown on Saturday in an effort to contain a major surge of the new COVID-19 omicron variant. All non-essential stores, bars, and restaurants will be closed until January 14.

As of Oct. 22, 2021, the Netherlands considers the United States to be a high-risk area, so only fully vaccinated U.S. travelers are allowed to visit and unvaccinated U.S.-based travelers over the age of 12 who do not qualify for one of the EU Entry Ban Exemption Categories are not allowed in. Those who are unvaccinated but qualify are required to present a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 48 hours or 24 hours, respectively, prior to departure, per the Dutch government. Travelers from outside the EU, including Americans, do not have to show a negative test result if they have proof of vaccination.

Additionally, all travelers age 13 and up must complete an online health declaration form before traveling to the Netherlands.

North Macedonia

Famed for its gorgeous lakes and mountainscapes, North Macedonia is now open to all tourists with the usual vaccine and testing requirements in place — full vaccination certificate, or a negative PCR test made in the 72 hours before entering the country, or a certificate of recovery from COVID-19 in the last 45 days, counting from the day of recovery.

Wearing protective face coverings is required when visiting indoor public spaces, such as markets, post offices, health institutions, shops, banks, including when using public transport. As for bars and restaurants, you’ll need one of the aforementioned documents of good health to patronize. 

Norway

Last week, Prime Minister Gahr Støre banned the serving of alcohol in bars and restaurants for four weeks.

U.S. travelers are again allowed to enter Norway after testing and 72-hour quarantine. Specifically, all travelers, vaccinated or not, need to complete a registration form (if age 16 or older), present a negative test taken within 24 hours before arrival, test again on arrival in Norway and travel directly to an apartment or designated quarantine hotel for a minimum of 72 hours. If the test taken after 72 hours is negative, travelers can continue their stay in Norway as normal.

Poland

Face masks are mandatory in all indoor areas. Last week, the Polish government closed all nightclubs across the country with a plan to reopen for two days only, on Dec. 31, 2021 and Jan. 1, 2022, to allow people to celebrate New Year.

Check with the U.S. Embassy for specifics. Additional information is also available here.

Portugal

Portugal declared a “state of calamity” in November, introducing stricter controls as of Dec. 1, 2021. Now, you must have a digital certificate that proves you have either been jabbed or recently recovered from COVID-19 to enter bars, cinemas, and restaurants. And face masks must be worn in all indoor public places.

As of Dec. 1, there is now a mandatory negative test requirement (PCR taken within 72 hours of boarding or antigen taken within 48 of boarding) for passengers on all flights arriving in Portugal, even for those who have a valid vaccination or recovery certificate, regardless of the point of origin of the flight or the passenger’s nationality.

Related: Portugal is now open to American tourists with a negative COVID-19 test

As of Sept. 17, all travelers 12 and older arriving from the United States must be authorized (the U.S. is an accepted country), fill out a Passenger Locator Card and present a negative COVID-19  test result.

Romania

You’ll need to show proof of your vaccination or recovery status to get into the country (or quarantine for a fortnight), and also to access restaurants, bars, shopping centers and events. Masks are mandatory in public places. 

Americans are required to have a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours of their flight for travelers age 4-16), or proof of completion of vaccination at least 10 days prior or proof of recovery from COVID-19 in the past 90 days (for those age 16 or older). The embassy cautions that regulations continue to change, so before traveling to Romania travelers are advised to consult their airline as well as the Embassy of Romania in Washington, D.C., for entry requirements.

Russia

QR codes that confirm you are COVID-19 safe are required for most indoor venues. But the central government has delegated responsibility for COVID-19 restrictions to local authorities. So be sure to check what it’s like where you’re going before you travel here

The latest advice for Moscow is available on the Mayor’s website. For Saint Petersburg, advice can be found on the City Government’s website.

U.S. citizens are now permitted to travel to the Russian Federation under certain conditions. For more information, visit the website of the Embassy of the Russian Federation in the USA.

The Russian government requires that all foreign travelers present a negative PCR COVID-19 test result upon arrival, dated within three days prior to arrival in Russia, along with completion of a digital form that must be printed out and presented to customs in Russia.

Serbia

You will need to prove you’ve been jabbed or have a negative PCR (72 hours) or antigen (48 hours) test, or an antibodies certificate to enter. Masks are mandatory in all public places, indoors and outdoors if crowded. Failure to wear a mask will incur a fine. COVID-19 passes are required to get into bars and restaurants. 

U.S. travelers entering Serbia need to provide a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of arrival — unless they have proof of recovery from COVID-19 at least 14 days before and within six months of arrival or they were fully vaccinated in Serbia, according to the U.S. Embassy in Serbia.

Slovakia

The Slovak government has imposed particularly strict curbs on public life to fend off COVID-19, including a nationwide curfew from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. 

As above, you’ll need to prove you’ve been jabbed or have a negative PCR (72 hours) or antigen (48 hours) test, or an antibodies certificate to enter. Many bars, restaurants, and hotels are closed, and only those who can prove they are vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 can visit shops and services, including ski resorts. The unvaccinated can’t do much, other than buy essential goods. Gatherings of more than 6 people (unless from the same household) are prohibited.

Slovenia

Fabric masks are no longer permitted here. Instead, you must wear a FFP2 type mask in all indoor spaces. Most bars, restaurants, hotels, and other public hangouts are open and subject to the usual restrictions. 

The U.S. Embassy in Slovenia confirms Americans are now welcome for tourism, but they must be fully vaccinated (at least seven days past their second dose of Pfizer or 14 days for Moderna and Johnson & Johnson) or present proof of recovery from a COVID-19 infection (a certificate of a positive result of a PCR test, older than 10 days but not older than six months). Children under age 15 accompanying their parents can enter Slovenia without quarantine and do not require proof of negative test.

Spain

Despite protests, several regions of Spain have introduced tighter restrictions on the unvaccinated, demanding the use of COVID-19 passes to enter bars, restaurants, and other public places for the festive season.

Spain is requiring proof of vaccination for U.S. tourists or a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival for unvaccinated travelers who meet exceptional situations to enter the country following the EU’s new recommendation to reimplement travel restrictions on Americans.

Read more: Proof of vaccination or negative COVID-19 test now required to enter Spain

As of June 24, 2021, all U.S. travelers must present a QR code upon arrival in Spain, generated through the Spain Travel Health portal.

Sweden

Sweden remains relatively relaxed when it comes to COVID-19 rules and restrictions. The usual precautions are recommended (facemasks in public etc), and you will need to prove good health before arriving via proof of receiving a second dose of the vaccine two weeks before the trip or if unvaccinated a negative PCR test 48 hours before travel. Children under the age of 18 are exempt if traveling with a fully vaccinated adult. 

Switzerland

The ski lifts remain open, but travelers will have to respect COVID-19 protocols, which include showing proof of vaccination of full recovery from infection to enter restaurants, cultural venues, or other indoor events.

Related: Switzerland ditches some requirements to save ski season

On Dec. 4, the Swiss government ended the 10-day quarantine requirement it had placed on some foreign visitors in an effort to try and combat the COVID-19 omicron variant.

That makes Switzerland the first country to lift restrictions imposed after the world first learned of the new coronavirus variant.

You need to plan on more COVID-19 testing and mask-wearing, and additional places are now requiring you to show your vaccination card.

Turkey

To enter the country, you’ll have to prove you’re in good shape by – a full course of COVID-19 vaccinations (completed at least 14 days prior to arrival in Turkey), recent recovery from COVID-19, a negative PCR test (less than 72 hours of arrival), a rapid antigen test (less than 48 hours of arrival).

Related: Turkey is open to Americans

Once there, provinces are split into four tiers by COVID-19 risk: low, medium, high, and very high. To know where your destination ranks, visit the Ministry of Health.  Face masks are mandatory everywhere, from parks to pubs, beaches to barbershops. 

Ukraine

Air routes are limited, but you can get there with proof of vaccination, immunity, or a negative test. Ukraine has a color-coded system (green, yellow, orange, red) to determine how tight the rules are per region.

U.S. citizens are currently able to enter the country. All U.S. citizens age 12 and older entering Ukraine from the U.S. or another “Red Zone” country are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR or rapid Antigen test result taken within 72 hours of arrival or a document confirming the receipt of a full course of vaccination against COVID-19 with vaccines on WHO’s list of approved vaccines.

U.S. citizens traveling to Ukraine must also demonstrate that they have medical insurance covering all expenses related to COVID-19 treatment while in Ukraine.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is once again requiring all international travelers arriving by air to test before travel, regardless of vaccination status. As of  Dec. 7, anyone flying to the U.K. is required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen (also known as lateral flow in the UK) test taken within 48 hours of departure. This requirement is on top of the requirement to pre-book and take a PCR test two days after arrival, and self-isolate until receiving a negative result.

Related: New rules to visit England

Since Aug. 2, fully vaccinated travelers from both the US and EU have been allowed to enter the UK without undergoing a previously mandated 10-day quarantine and as of Oct. 11, all fully vaccinated US travelers arriving in the UK were no longer required to present a negative pre-travel test, but had to pre-book a test on the second day after their arrival.

As of late November, all arriving travelers have been required to self-quarantine until receiving their day 2 test results. Anyone who tests positive is required to undergo a 10-day quarantine.

All travelers must still complete an online passenger locator form. See here for all testing requirements.

Updates on entry requirements can be found here.

Additional reporting by Donna Heiderstadt and Clint Henderson. 

Featured image by Sylvain Sonnet/Getty

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