Updated: A country-by-country guide to coronavirus reopenings
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Editor’s note: This post was last updated on May 9 with new information.
Evolving testing and vaccination requirements for international travel continue to make it confusing for Americans to figure out what’s required for entry into specific countries.
Some of the most restrictive nations are finally opening to tourists again including Australia which opened to tourists on Feb. 21 for the first time in two years and Vietnam which opened its borders on March 16.
The U.S. continues to require day-before testing for all arrivals by air — and noncitizens and nonresidents need to be fully vaccinated to enter. President Joe Biden announced that as of Dec. 6, 2021, all international airline passengers age 2 and older traveling to the U.S., even those who are fully vaccinated, need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of boarding their flight. Travelers who can present documented proof of having recovered from COVID-19 within the past 90 days are exempt from the required test. For details, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
Warnings from the CDC and U.S. Department of State also continued to evolve into late April with the CDC dropping its “Level 4: Very High Level of COVID-19” warning for almost 90 countries and designating Level 4 as “Special Circumstances: Do Not Travel” for future risk assessment. As a result, many Caribbean islands and most European favorites that had been Level 4 are now “Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.” State Department “Level 4: Do Not Travel” warnings were also dropped for a number of countries, with many lowered to “Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions.”
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In response to the omicron variant, President Biden announced that as of Dec. 6, 2021, all international arrivals by air to the United States, even American citizens who are fully vaccinated, need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of boarding their flight. Travelers who can present documented proof of having recovered from COVID-19 within the past 90 days are exempt from the required test.
The U.S. reopened to fully vaccinated international travelers on Nov. 8, 2021.
All U.S. states are open and most proof-of-vaccination requirements for many indoor activities in New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Boston and other cities have been eased, so check local government websites for updates.
As of March 26, Hawaii has done away with restrictions for domestic travelers. It had required either proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of your flight to be uploaded to the Safe Travels portal to avoid a five-day quarantine upon arrival. International arrivals are still subject to the U.S. government’s vaccination and pre-travel testing rules.
On April 18, a federal judge vacated the executive order President Biden signed soon after taking office in late January 2021 that mandates the wearing of masks on federal property and domestic public transportation, including planes, buses, subways, trains, airports and train stations. It had previously been extended through at least May 3, but for now, mask-wearing is optional in airports, on airplanes and on certain other public transportation. However, New York City is still enforcing its own public transportation mask mandate on subways, buses and shared rides.
The CDC has updated its domestic travel guidance for fully vaccinated travelers, but still strongly advises unvaccinated individuals to test before and after travel (with self-isolation after travel) within the United States. Check the CDC website for the latest updates.
Long-standing U.S. restrictions on visitors, including a ban on tourists driving into the country from Canada and Mexico, were lifted on Nov. 8, 2021, but only for fully vaccinated travelers (at least 14 days past their final dose). The vaccination requirement does not include children under age 18.
Fully vaccinated travelers to Canada, while no longer required to present proof of a pre-travel negative test result, still need to fill out the electronic ArriveCan app or web portal form within 72 hours of arrival and have a paper or digital copy of their vaccination documentation in English or French (or a certified translation, along with the original) ready to show a government official on request.
Unvaccinated children under 12 are allowed to enter Canada if accompanied by a fully vaccinated adult, but their information must be electronically submitted through ArriveCan and they must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 antigen test result taken within 24 hours of arrival.
In addition, as of Nov. 30, 2021, all passengers age 12 and older traveling domestically in Canada by air or by rail need to be fully vaccinated.
According to the ArriveCan website, travelers may be randomly selected to take an arrival test; they can travel onward to their destination and will be notified of test results.
Details on the latest restrictions can be found here.
Some provinces, including Ontario and Quebec, have required proof of vaccination for dining in restaurants, entering museums and other activities. Ontario’s requirement ended March 1, while Quebec’s ended March 12. Quebec does, however, require anyone seeking to buy alcohol or cannabis at a province-run store to be fully vaccinated.
Fully vaccinated Canadians are again able to enter the U.S. via a land crossing at the border as of Nov. 8, 2021, and like Americans returning to the United States from Canada via land borders, are not required to have a negative COVID-19 test result.
Note: U.S. entry testing requirements changed on Dec. 6, 2021, for U.S. citizens returning from Canada by air. All international arrivals in the U.S. by air, even American citizens who are fully vaccinated, will need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of boarding their flight.
For more information and updates, visit the U.S. Embassy in Canada website.
Mexico has never required testing for entry and has lifted most coronavirus restrictions. There is a federal “stoplight” system that limits activities in some regions — but all states are considered “green” as of April 19.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, travelers entering Mexico by land from Belize, Guatemala or the United States may be denied admission if the purpose of their visit is considered nonessential. The embassy advises travelers to carry evidence of the essential nature of their visit and evidence of their resident status in Mexico, if applicable.
A recent increase in crime against tourists in Cancun and Riviera Maya has made the U.S. Consulate General in Merida issue a security alert for Americans traveling in the region.
The U.S.-Mexico land border reopened on Nov. 8, 2021, and fully vaccinated travelers are once again allowed to enter the U.S. from Mexico by land. Proof of vaccination is required, but a negative COVID-19 test is not required for a land border crossing.
U.S. entry testing requirements changed on Dec. 6, 2021, for U.S. citizens and permanent residents returning from Mexico by air. All international arrivals in the U.S., even American citizens who are fully vaccinated, need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within one day of boarding their flight.
Many Mexican resorts are offering on-property rapid antigen and PCR tests for guests returning to the U.S.
The CDC’s travel advisory for Mexico is Level 2: Moderate Level of COVID-19 and the State Department’s advisory is now broken down state by state due to threats of crime and kidnapping.
Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the U.S., is open to all international travelers.It’s worth noting, however, that COVID-19 cases have surged in recent weeks since mandates and restrictions were eased.
As of March 10, all domestic travelers (U.S. citizens and residents), both vaccinated and unvaccinated, no longer need to provide proof of a negative pre-travel COVID-19 test result to enter Puerto Rico. However, international visitors must be fully vaccinated and present proof of a negative molecular COVID-19 test taken within one day of arrival — the same protocols as entry into the mainland U.S.
As of March 10, all lodging facilities in Puerto Rico are no longer required to see visitors’ vaccination records or negative test results at check-in, and establishments serving food or drinks no longer require proof of vaccination or a negative antigen or PCR test. All capacity restrictions have also ended and masks are no longer required in indoor public places, but are recommended when vaccination status cannot be guaranteed. Masks are required on all public transportation.
Attendees of concerts and shows at venues including the Coliseo de Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico Convention Center and the Coca-Cola Music Hall, among others, regardless of event size, are required to show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result taken at least 72 hours prior.
For the latest updates, check here.
A note for travelers returning from Puerto Rico: A negative test is not required for entry into the mainland U.S. from Puerto Rico.
U.S. Virgin Islands
The U.S. Virgin Islands, which includes St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix, has been open to tourism since Sept. 19, 2020. As of March 7, all fully vaccinated domestic U.S. travelers no longer need to provide proof of a pre-travel negative test to enter. Those who are partially vaccinated or unvaccinated must still provide proof of a negative PCR or antigen test taken within five days of travel.
Every U.S. traveler 5 years of age or older, even those who are fully vaccinated, and every international traveler 2 years of age and older is now required to use the U.S. Virgin Islands Travel Screening Portal to be cleared for entry. This applies to those entering by air or sea, as well as those transiting.
U.S. travelers who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must produce the original test result as well as the travel certification from the portal upon arrival. Travelers age 5 and older may be denied boarding of flights to the U.S. Virgin Islands without travel certification from the portal.
International travelers (including travelers from the British Virgin Islands) must also submit proof of a negative antigen or NAAT COVID-19 test result, but test requirements depend on vaccination and citizenship status and mode of travel, as well as age.
- Travel by air: All non-U.S. citizens/non-U.S. immigrants must be fully vaccinated and provide proof of vaccination. (Travelers ages 2-17 are exempt from the vaccine requirement.) International travelers must also present proof of a negative COVID-19 antigen or NAAT test result taken within one day of travel.
- Travel by ferry: Tests must be taken within five days of travel. Non-U.S. citizens/non-U.S. immigrants traveling for nonessential reasons (e.g., tourism) must be fully vaccinated and provide proof of vaccination status. Travelers ages 2-17 are exempt from the vaccine requirement.
Details can be found here.
Related: US Virgin Islands reopening
Masks are mandatory when going into businesses and attractions, and when using public transportation. COVID-19 guidelines are in place for retail businesses and attractions, taxi vans, safari vehicles and limousine services.
A note for travelers returning from the U.S. Virgin Islands: A negative test is not required for entry into the mainland U.S. from the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda reopened to tourists on June 4, 2020, and the government’s travel advisory as of April 16 no longer requires all arriving passengers age 18 and older to be fully vaccinated — but testing and quarantine are required for partially vaccinated or unvaccinated adults. Here are the new protocols:
- Fully vaccinated passengers must show proof of vaccination but are no longer required to present proof of a negative pre-travel test; if they show symptoms of possible infection upon arrival, however, they may be required to submit to a PCR test (at their own cost).
- Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated passengers age 18 or older need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or a rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of arrival. They must also submit to a PCR test upon arrival (at their own expense) and quarantine at a government-approved facility (at their own expense) or their own homes for 10 days (if partially vaccinated) or 14 days (if unvaccinated).
- Unvaccinated minors between the ages of 5 and 18 need to present proof of a negative result of an approved COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of arrival. Unvaccinated minors who are not staying at a certified resort/accommodation (for example, a non-resort option such as an Airbnb) may be required to quarantine at home for 10-14 days. Children below the age of 5 are not required to test.
Vaccination requirements mean passengers must present verifiable documentation of full vaccination using World Health Organization- or Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment-approved two-dose COVID-19 vaccine or a single-dose vaccine (completed 14 days or more before entry). Check for updates here.
Passengers arriving by sea (private yachts or ferries) are subject to quarantine according to guidelines issued by Port Health.
Travelers will also have to adhere to social distancing guidelines, and face masks are highly encouraged in crowded public settings. Beaches and excursions are open; restaurants are open for dine-in with no proof of vaccination required; non-hotel bars reopened as of Nov. 15, 2021.
Anguilla began welcoming preapproved travelers as of May 25, 2021, after a monthslong suspension of all entries. However, as of July 1, 2021, only fully vaccinated travelers are allowed and they must show proof of vaccination and a negative test. Pregnant women and children under age 18, when accompanied by a fully vaccinated adult, are exempt from the vaccination requirement.
All visitors seeking a short-term stay or a work-from-Anguilla arrangement need to provide proof of vaccination with an approved vaccine (with the final dose at least 14 days prior to arrival) and proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken three days before arrival or a negative antigen test from an accredited lab taken no more than two days prior to arrival. Both documents must be presented to airline or ship personnel and then again upon arrival in Anguilla.
No arrival testing is required if it has been six months or less since completing vaccination or at least 14 days since receiving a booster dose. Travelers whose last dose was more than six months ago and are not boosted — including minors not eligible for booster doses — will be tested upon arrival at their own expense.
See the latest entry rules here.
Unvaccinated visitors who have been granted a medical exemption will be required to apply for a travel authorization on the entry portal, test on arrival, quarantine for five days and receive a negative test result to exit quarantine. There is a fee of $100 per person.
Travelers who are required to test upon arrival must travel directly to their accommodation via “Environment Certified” ground transportation and stay at their accommodations until receiving their test result, typically within 24 hours.
Guests staying on the island for more than eight days may be tested on day four of their visit, at no additional cost.
Travel insurance is not required, but is recommended. In addition, travelers entering/transferring via Dutch St. Maarten must complete St. Maarten’s health screening application form and prearrange boat or air travel to Anguilla.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Anguilla is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, which oversees Anguilla, for additional information.
As of March 19, Aruba has relaxed its COVID-19 testing requirements.
Aruba reopened to tourists in the summer of 2020 and American visitors were welcomed back on July 10, 2020. As of Nov. 1, 2020, all U.S. travelers to Aruba must complete an online embarkation/disembarkation card process within 72 to four hours prior to travel, which is still required as part of the country’s digitized customs and immigration process. However, proof of vaccination and pre-travel COVID-19 testing are no longer required. The questionnaire asks for identifying information, including passport details. The form also includes a section where visitors can input their travel plans and answer health questions. Travelers must also download the Aruba Health app as part of the ED card process.
Details can be found here.
All guests must also purchase visitors insurance from the nation of Aruba to cover up to $75,000 in health insurance. The cost is $15 for travelers age 15 and older and free for those 14 and under.
Visitors are required to carry a mask with them and wear one in the airport and in businesses that require them. As of Feb. 17, all other safety measures have been eased.
Visit the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao, which oversees Aruba, for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Aruba is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
For the latest updates related to travel, check Visit Aruba’s entry requirements page.
The Bahamas is open to tourism and Americans are allowed to visit, but pre-travel and post-arrival testing are mandatory for all visitors, regardless of vaccination status. All fully vaccinated visitors over the age of 2 must currently present proof of a negative COVID-19 test, either rapid antigen or PCR, taken within three days (72 hours) of arrival, while a PCR test taken within three days (72 hours) of arrival is required for unvaccinated travelers 12 and older. Unvaccinated children ages 2-11 can show results of either a negative PCR or rapid antigen test. Details can be found here.
Negative test results must be uploaded when applying for a Bahamas Travel Health Visa required for entry. While travelers under 17 years old do not need to complete an individual Travel Health Visa application, they should be added as a profile within the account of their accompanying parent or guardian. The Travel Health Visa, with costs ranging from $40-$70 per person, also includes health insurance while in the Bahamas.
While in the Bahamas, all visitors are required to wear a mask in public spaces. A negative test is no longer required to travel between islands in the Bahamas and nightly curfews have been lifted.
Barbados, which reopened to international travelers on July 12, 2020, requires visitors to download the BIMSafe app designed to expedite the entry and quarantine process. There’s also one main caveat for unvaccinated travelers: They must not only test but also quarantine in their hotel rooms at approved accommodations for at least five days.
Barbados’ mandatory protocols require all arriving visitors to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within three days of arrival or a negative rapid antigen or rapid PCR test taken within one day of arrival, with testing and quarantine upon arrival for some. Fully vaccinated travelers are no longer required to quarantine and are not subject to mandatory testing at the airport upon arrival, although they may be selected for a random rapid antigen test.
All fully vaccinated travelers must:
- Have proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test from an accredited laboratory taken within 72 hours prior to arrival or a negative rapid PCR or rapid antigen test taken within one day of arrival, which is required for travelers age 5 and older.
- Within 24 hours before traveling to Barbados, complete an online immigration and customs form (and download the BIMSafe app) with personal health questions relating to COVID-19 symptoms and upload their negative COVID-19 test results.
- Provide official proof of vaccination.
- Possibly be asked to take a COVID-19 rapid PCR test upon arrival in Barbados.
- Once their vaccination certificate and pre-travel COVID-19 PCR test are approved upon arrival, they are free to explore Barbados.
All unvaccinated travelers must:
- Have proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test from an accredited laboratory taken within 72 hours prior to arrival or a negative rapid COVID-19 PCR test taken within one day of arrival, which is required for travelers age 5 and older from countries of all risk levels.
- Within 24 hours before traveling to Barbados, complete an online immigration and customs form (and download the BIMSafe app) with personal health questions relating to COVID-19 symptoms and upload their negative COVID-19 test results.
- Board transport to their preapproved and prebooked accommodations (a minimum of seven nights is encouraged and five nights is required) and undergo an in-room quarantine (no beach or leaving the property) for three days with a second PCR test on day four to receive a negative result.
Children under age 18 traveling with fully vaccinated parents or guardians will be able to adhere to the same guidelines as their parents or guardians. Complete details on protocols can be found here.
Social distancing and face masks are mandatory in public spaces. Beach hours are now 5 a.m.-7 p.m. for swimming or exercise.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Barbados, the U.S. State Department’s advisory for Barbados is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. The CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. More updates on Barbados’ response to coronavirus and any updates to its protocols can be found on the Barbados government website.
Bermuda, which reopened to travelers on July 1, 2020, requires pre-travel authorization (with a fee reduced from $75 to $40 as of March 7) and testing. While requirements for fully vaccinated visitors with proof of vaccination have been eased, unvaccinated travelers age 12 and older are not currently allowed to enter Bermuda. Unvaccinated children age 11 and younger may enter with fully vaccinated parents or guardians.
Bermuda’s tourism officials have provided the following guidelines and requirements for fully vaccinated tourists.
- Apply for a Bermuda Travel Authorisation.
- Present a certified negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within four days of departure or a negative antigen test taken within two days of arrival, along with proof of vaccination.
- Provide proof of health insurance.
- Wear face masks and practice physical distancing at the departure airport.
- Complete a traveler screening form and arrival card.
On the plane:
- Wear a face mask.
- Practice social distancing to the extent possible.
As of March 7, no additional on-island testing is required.
The Bermuda government launched the WeHealth Bermuda app, which provides anonymous COVID-19 exposure notifications and is encouraged for all visitors to download.
According to the U.S. Consulate General in Bermuda, the U.S. State Department advisory for Bermuda is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
More information on coronavirus in Bermuda can be found here.
Americans are welcome to visit Bonaire. As of April 20, proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result are no longer required for entry; however, all travelers (even children) must complete a health declaration form for the Public Health Department within 24 to 12 hours before their departure for Bonaire.
For the latest details, check here.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Bonaire is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. For more information, visit the website of the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao, which oversees Bonaire, and for health and safety protocols in Bonaire, check here.
British Virgin Islands
The British Virgin Islands officially reopened to tourism on Dec. 1, 2020. Americans can visit, but travelers who are not yet vaccinated or are partially vaccinated must receive authorization to visit and need to follow strict protocols. Fully vaccinated travelers who can provide valid proof of vaccination no longer need to register for authorization on the BVI Gateway portal.
Requirements for entry now include:
- Fully vaccinated travelers can present an approved negative rapid antigen or a PCR test result taken within 48 hours of arrival in the British Virgin Islands and proof of vaccination.
- Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers must register on the BVI Gateway before travel, download an app, complete the application no later than 24 hours before travel (the cost is $175 for partially vaccinated or unvaccinated travelers), provide proof of a negative PCR test taken within five days prior to arrival and health insurance valid in the British Virgin Islands. Upon arrival, they must also take a PCR test as part of their application process/fee and unvaccinated and partially vaccinated travelers if they test negative can move freely; if they test positive, they must quarantine at their resort for five days and can exit quarantine if they test negative on a third PCR test on day five (results typically given within 24 hours).
Complete details on travel requirements and restrictions can be found here.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the British Virgin Islands is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory is Level 2: Moderate Level of COVID-19. Check the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, which oversees the British Virgin Islands, for additional information.
The Cayman Islands only recently began welcoming fully vaccinated tourists. The country entered Phase 5 of its reopening on Jan. 20, and now allows fully vaccinated U.S. travelers and accompanying minor children under age 12. Cruise tourism resumed on March 21.
Those with a securely verified vaccination record that is electronic with a QR code, such as a Smart Health Card or the New York State Excelsior Pass, and those with a nondigital record (such as a CDC card) are now no longer required to quarantine. Details are here.
When traveling to the Cayman Islands with children, unvaccinated children under the age of 12 will assume the vaccination status of their adult travel companions. All children age 12 and over are required to be vaccinated to be exempt from a seven-day quarantine and GPS tracking.
All travelers must be approved for entry via the Cayman Travel Portal (within 72 hours if fully vaccinated and five days if unvaccinated but qualified to enter) and those who are approved need to register with the TravelTime service before their trip. And all arriving passengers must present proof of a negative pre-travel PCR or rapid antigen test taken within one day of departure for the Cayman Islands. Details are here.
Related: Cayman Islands reopening
Cuba has begun welcoming international tourists back as of Nov. 15, 2021, and as of April 6, neither a negative COVID-19 test nor proof of full vaccination is required for entry. Tourists are not required to quarantine.
The U.S. State Department has a Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution advisory in place for Cuba and the CDC’s advisory is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. Politics limits Americans’ travel to Cuba more than COVID-19. Long-standing travel restrictions were tightened by the U.S. government in late 2019, eliminating many of the reasons Americans were allowed to visit Cuba in recent years. For information on exemptions that allow Americans to travel to Cuba, visit the U.S. Embassy in Cuba’s COVID-19 page and “Traveling to Cuba” page.
There are a number of additional restrictions for U.S. travelers visiting Cuba that are not related to the pandemic, and which remain active.
Curacao reopened to U.S. tourists in November 2020. All travelers are required to complete a digital immigration card within 48 hours of travel and carry a printed copy. As of March 10, no pre-travel testing is required, but passengers are still required to have travel/health insurance to cover care or quarantine costs. Children 6 and younger are exempt from the passenger locator card. Details are here.
Restaurants, retail shops, beaches, beach club bars and casinos are open. Social distancing measures are in place islandwide and face masks are required when social distancing is not possible.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Curacao is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. Visit the U.S. Consulate General in Curacao’s website for additional information.
Dominica has been open to travelers since Aug. 3, 2020, and as of April 4 entry protocols have been greatly simplified.
Visitors no longer need to fill out a pre-travel questionnaire and fully vaccinated travelers are only required to present proof of vaccination upon boarding their flight and upon arrival in Dominica. Children age 12 and under will assume the vaccination status of their parents.
Visitors who are not fully vaccinated (including minors age 13-17) must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a professionally supervised negative rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival.
Testing upon arrival for symptomatic travelers will remain in effect.
Visitors must wear face masks at all times during the arrival process, up to and including departure from the airport, observe physical distancing guidelines and follow all instructions from local health care staff and officials.
For more information, see the U.S. Embassy for Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean’s website and Dominica’s travel advisory.
The Dominican Republic reopened July 1, 2020, and most hotels and resorts have reopened. U.S. travelers are welcome and there are no pre-travel COVID-19 testing requirements for visitors.
As of April 23, travelers no longer need to show proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result to enter and random tests at the airport have ended. Check for updates here.
All travelers must still fill out and submit an electronic entry ticket (for both arrival into and departure from the Dominican Republic) to declare they have not felt any COVID-19-related symptoms in the last 72 hours and provide contact details for the next 30 days.
As of Feb. 16, COVID-19 measures have been suspended and the use of masks and social distancing measures in public spaces is the responsibility of the individual.
According to the U.S. Embassy in the Dominican Republic, the U.S. State Department’s advisory for the island is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution and the CDC’s advisory is Level 1: Low Level of COVID-19.
Grenada began reopening to foreign tourists on Aug. 1, 2020, with strict protocols, including quarantine, in place for all visitors. But as of April 4, Grenada has removed all COVID-19-related entry requirements and restrictions for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers.
Complete details can be found here.
For more information, check the U.S. Embassy in the Eastern Caribbean’s COVID-19 page for Grenada. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Grenada is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precaustions and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
Haiti, which suffered political turmoil following the assassination of its president, Jovenel Moise, on July 7, 2021, and a 7.2 magnitude earthquake two weeks later, has reopened its borders to regular international passenger traffic. It has also opened its land borders with the Dominican Republic.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Haiti, travelers visiting the country need to complete a health declaration form and submit it to immigration authorities upon arrival. They will need to keep this form for the purposes of self-quarantine and contact tracing as necessary. The embassy also reports that as of April 18, all travelers to Haiti age 12 and older will need to present either a vaccination card proving full vaccination or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours of travel to their airline; proof of prior COVID-19 infection (positive test and documentation from the attending physician) is also allowed. Passengers age 5-11 must only present a negative test result.
Jamaica officially reopened for tourism on June 15, 2020, and as of April 16, passengers no longer need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test to board their flight to Jamaica.
For faster processing upon arrival at the airport, travelers are encouraged to submit their Immigration/Customs C5 card online anytime before arrival. If the card has not been submitted online, passengers may complete the paper form issued in flight by the airline.
For the latest updates on requirements for travel to Jamaica, check here.
Visit the U.S. Embassy in Jamaica’s website for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Jamaica is Level 3: Reconsider Travel and the CDC’s advisory for the island is Level 1: Low Level of COVID-19.
Americans are now able to visit Martinique for tourism — if they are fully vaccinated.
According to the U.S. Embassy for the Eastern Caribbean, fully vaccinated travelers from “green” and “orange” countries (the U.S. is currently green) may enter if it has been more than two weeks since their second injection of the Pfizer, Moderna or AstraZeneca vaccine or more than four weeks since the single-injection Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Travel is prohibited for unvaccinated people unless it is based on an overriding personal or family reason, an emergency health reason or a professional reason that cannot be postponed.
All arrivals over the age of 11 who are permitted must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure or rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of departure for Martinique and sign a sworn statement that they have no symptoms and have not been in contact over the past 14 days with a person confirmed to have COVID-19. Unvaccinated travelers granted permission to enter for a justified reason must quarantine for seven days until taking another test.
There is currently a curfew from 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.
Fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. are allowed to visit St. Barts for tourism. Americans age 18 and older planning to visit St. Barts must provide proof of being at least two weeks past their final vaccination (and four weeks past the one-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine) and all travelers age 10 and older must present a negative result of COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or an antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival.
U.S. travelers arriving in St. Barts via St. Martin will need to register in advance through the St. Martin Electronic Health Authorization System and upload negative PCR results as well as pay a fee.
For updates on travel to St. Barts, check with the U.S. Embassy in the Eastern Caribbean.
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts and Nevis began a phased reopening on Oct. 31, 2020, but on May 29, 2021, changed its protocols to allow only fully vaccinated travelers to visit. Unvaccinated children under 18 accompanied by fully vaccinated parents (who are two weeks or more past their final vaccination) can enter without additional testing or quarantine.
All travelers regardless of age are required to complete the embarkation/entry form here no later than 24 hours before arrival and submit proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test from a CLIA/CDC/UKAS-approved laboratory taken within 72 hours of arrival or a negative rapid antigen test taken at an approved lab within 24 hours of arrival. Those who are age 18 and older (or younger and fully vaccinated) are also required to submit proof of vaccination (official vaccination certificate) and a travel approval letter. Hard copies of negative test results and vaccination cards are also required.
Details can be found here.
Americans can now stay anywhere on the island, with the option of staying at one of 14 approved hotels for international visitors, which include the Park Hyatt St. Kitts, the Four Seasons Nevis and the St. Kitts Marriott Resort.
For complete details on travel requirements, visit the St. Kitts and Nevis Tourism website.
Americans are welcome to visit St. Lucia, where immediate access to on-island activities is available for fully vaccinated travelers. Unvaccinated travelers are still required to vacation in place at certified properties for the first seven days of their visit.
As of April 2:
- Fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test to enter St. Lucia; they must show a valid vaccination record.
- All unvaccinated travelers must still present proof of a negative RT-PCR test, taken up to five days prior to entering St. Lucia.
- All travelers must complete and have a printed and signed copy of the St. Lucia Health Screening form.
Fully vaccinated travelers (those who are two weeks or more past their final dose) can enjoy full access to the island. All unvaccinated international visitors from outside the St. Lucia travel “bubble” will be required to remain at their certified property and only participate in certified tours and activities and visit only certified restaurants for the first seven days of their stay. After seven days, unvaccinated visitors will be able to enjoy expanded access to the island.
If you are traveling with unvaccinated children ages 5-17 and you would like them to also be exempt from quarantine, they will need to be retested on arrival at your cost and they must remain in isolation (24-48 hours) until the results of the test are known. Once the test is negative they will not be required to quarantine.
Masks and social distancing are required.
For further details, visit the international arrivals page on the St. Lucia Tourism website and the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean’s website.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines began reopening on July 1, 2020. Some of the islands’ stricter protocols have been eased for fully vaccinated travelers, and visitors from all countries are welcome, but everyone must fill out a health form within 24 hours of departure for the islands.
All fully vaccinated travelers from high-risk countries, including the U.S., need to show proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours (three days) of arrival or negative rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours, but will no longer be tested again upon arrival or required to undergo a mandatory 48-hour quarantine at a Tourism Authority-approved transition/quarantine hotel. Details are here.
There are also new protocols as of Jan. 15 for fully vaccinated travelers who have tested positive for COVID-19 within the past 10 days to two months. Check here for details.
All high-risk travelers who are unvaccinated must present a negative result of a PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival, test again upon arrival and quarantine at an approved hotel for seven nights (with proof of a fully paid reservation for those nights). Then, retesting is required on day 5.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for St. Vincent and the Grenadines is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory for the islands is Level 1: Low Level of COVID-19. Check the website of the U.S. Embassy in Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean and Discover St. Vincent and the Grenadines for COVID-19 updates.
Dutch St. Maarten is open and welcoming U.S. and other travelers arriving at Princess Juliana International Airport (SXM). As of March 1, testing protocols are based on vaccination and booster status:
- Fully vaccinated U.S. travelers no longer need to pretest to enter St. Maarten as long as they have proof of full vaccination or full vaccination plus a booster dose taken at least two weeks prior to arrival (and within nine months of arrival). Travelers with proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the past nine months also do not need a pre-travel test.
- Unvaccinated travelers age 5 and older must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of travel; as of April 1, a negative rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours is also allowed.
- No test is required for children under 5.
All travelers to St. Maarten must also apply for a pre-authorization health form online, in addition to purchasing a St. Maarten Visitors Protection Plan, which provides health insurance covering COVID-19 testing and treatment while on the island. The plan is free for those travelers under the age of 14 and $15 for everyone else. Travelers should expect health checks upon arrival.
As travelers from a high-risk country (all countries are currently considered high risk), Americans are also expected to practice daily self-monitoring and reporting of symptoms for five days.
U.S. tourists are currently allowed to cross the border from Dutch St. Maarten to French Saint-Martin.
The U.S. State Department advisory is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions for both Dutch St. Maarten and French Saint-Martin. The CDC’s advisory for Dutch St. Maarten is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago issued a stay-at-home order in late March 2020 and banned tourists. The country’s borders reopened on July 17, 2021, but a travel advisory prohibits unvaccinated nonnationals, meaning only fully vaccinated individuals are allowed to enter at this time.
All visitors are also required to apply for a TTravel Pass within 72 hours of arrival in the country, in addition to submitting proof of a negative PCR or lab-administered antigen test taken within the same time frame.
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Trinidad and Tobago is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution and the CDC’s advisory is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. Check the U.S. Embassy in Trinidad and Tobago website for updates.
Turks and Caicos
Turks and Caicos, a group of 40 low-lying coral islands popular with tourists in the Caribbean, began welcoming international visitors to Providenciales International Airport (PLS) on July 22, 2020. This British overseas territory includes the island of Providenciales, also known as Provo.
Turks and Caicos now requires all visitors 18 years of age or older to be fully vaccinated, meaning 14 days must have passed after receiving a single-dose vaccine or a second dose of a two-dose vaccine. Vaccines currently approved are Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson and others.
To show proof of vaccination, you’ll need to provide:
- A digital or paper vaccination record, including the CDC-issued card.
- A vaccination letter signed by a medical professional (physician or registered nurse with license number), or one printed from an electronic vaccination database.
As of May 1, travelers to Turks and Caicos are no longer required to present proof of a negative COVID-19 pre-travel test, show proof of medical insurance valid for the treatment of COVID-19 in Turks and Caicos or obtain travel pre-authorization. Masks are no longer required in public places.
Related: Why I love Turks and Caicos
As of early May, much of Europe continues to experience a fourth wave of COVID-19 due to the omicron BA.2 subvariant, although cases are easing in some areas. A number of countries have opted to relax COVID-19 restrictions.
A few European countries, however, still require digital proof of vaccination to access indoor spaces such as restaurants, hotels and museums, while others, such as France, have dropped the requirements.
The European Council recommended in late February that its member countries open more broadly to travelers from outside the EU, but individual countries are setting specific dates for easing their restrictions, with Italy dropping its pre-travel test requirement for fully vaccinated travelers on March 1 and Iceland dropping testing and vaccination requirements for all travelers on Feb. 25. By early May, more than two dozen countries had also dropped all COVID-19-related entry requirements for travelers. They include: the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland, Hungary, Montenegro, Romania, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Greece, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Albania, Armenia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia and Bulgaria.
The Albanian government reopened for tourism on July 1, 2020, and Americans can visit, according to the U.S. Embassy in Albania.
Effective May 1, Albania repealed all COVID-19 entry and public health measures, per the U.S. Embassy.
Armenia has reopened its borders to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Yerevan. As of early May, the country no longer requires proof of vaccination or a pre-travel negative test to enter the country.
As of Feb. 22, entry protocols for Austria follow the “3-G” rule. This means that travelers seeking to enter Austria need to be vaccinated, recovered or tested.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Austria, COVID-19 rules and protocols in the country change frequently and with little advance notice, so checking official sites before travel is recommended.
Travelers who cannot provide proof of vaccination (the second jab within the past 270 days or a booster dose is needed) or recovery (within the past 180 days) must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or a negative antigen test taken within 24 hours. Detailed updates on vaccination, booster and testing requirements (and how long vaccination is valid) can be found here.
Austria also eased some of its social protocols as of March 5. And entry tests — proof of vaccination, recovery or a recent COVID-19 test — are no longer required (as of April 16) to enter restaurants and bars. The country does still require that FFP2 or KN95 face masks be worn on public transportation and in essential shops and pharmacies. For details on current restrictions, check here.
Check the U.S. Embassy in Austria for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Austria is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Azerbaijan, as of June 21, 2021, U.S. citizens can fly to Azerbaijan. Entry by land is not permitted, however, and all travelers over the age of 18 must have proof of vaccination or proof of immunity from a previous infection (the testing requirement was eliminated as of April 14).
The country is under special restrictions through at least July 1 to require proof of vaccination for those 18 and older to enter indoor venues, including restaurants, cafes and malls. Masks are required in all indoor public spaces.
Belarus is on the frontlines of the Russia-Ukraine war. The country has also been in the midst of a popular uprising against Alexander Lukashenko, called the “last dictator in Europe.”
The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the country is Level 4: Do Not Travel (“due to the arbitrary enforcement of laws, the risk of detention, the Russian military attack on neighboring Ukraine, and the buildup of Russian military in Belarus along the border with Ukraine”) and the CDC’s is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
It isn’t wise to visit — the embassy has suspended operations in Minsk and has asked Americans to depart Belarus if they are there — but the country bordering Russia and Ukraine is open. According to the U.S. Embassy in Belarus, Americans are on a list of countries that were allowed to enter as of Aug. 15, 2020, but only through Minsk National Airport (MSQ). Land borders are closed to American travelers.
Americans require a visa. A COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours is also required and unvaccinated travelers from a “red zone” country (including the U.S.) must self-quarantine for seven days — and complete the full quarantine in Belarus. Travelers also need to fill out a health questionnaire and submit to temperature and health checks on arrival.
Note: On June 29, 2021, the U.S. Department of Transportation prohibited the sale of direct passenger air transportation, including tickets booked through one airline that contain flights operated by multiple airlines, between the U.S. and Belarus. Once this order becomes final, only direct air transportation deemed to be in the national interest of the United States, including on humanitarian or national security grounds, will be allowed, per the U.S. Embassy.
According to the Embassy and Consulates of Belgium in the U.S., fully vaccinated Americans can now travel to Belgium without testing or quarantine.
Travelers age 12 and older who do not reside in Belgium must present a valid and recognized vaccination certificate. Both the CDC vaccination card and — when available — state-issued vaccination certificates are accepted as valid proofs of vaccination. According to the Embassy and Consulates of Belgium in the U.S., fully vaccinated means the final dose was given within 270 days or a booster dose is needed.
Unvaccinated travelers can only travel in exceptional circumstances with an essential travel certificate and must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival or a professionally administered rapid antigen test taken no more than 24 hours prior to arrival. Further information about testing and quarantine can be found here.
All travelers to Belgium must also fill out a passenger locator form.
Belgium, which has been hit hard by COVID-19, had been under a severe lockdown and some restrictions remain. Additional information is available on the U.S. Embassy in Belgium’s website.
Belgium had also instituted social distancing restrictions, which are being reduced. Face masks are still required on public transit. The COVID Safe Ticket, required for entry into public venues in Belgium, is no longer required for bars and restaurants as of March 7. For more information, check the country’s Current Measures updates.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Americans can travel to Bosnia and Herzegovina and, according to the U.S. Embassy, all visitors over the age of 7 must present one of the following: proof of a negative COVID-19 test (PCR or antigen) not older than 48 hours if coming from Europe and not older than 72 hours if arriving from other countries (including the United States), a COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing full vaccination completed 10 days prior to arrival, or a doctor’s certificate of COVID-19 recovery in the period 10 to 180 days prior to arrival.
Americans can enter Bulgaria for tourism, per the U.S. Embassy in Bulgaria.
According to the embassy, as of May 1 all COVID-related entry restrictions have been lifted and all travelers to Bulgaria no longer need to provide vaccination or testing documents.
The U.S. Embassy does note that entry requirements are subject to change at any time without notice and that the Croatian Border Police have final authority regarding entry into Croatia.
Croatia no longer requires that masks be worn in indoor public spaces with the exception of health care facilities.
Cyprus, a small island nation off the coast of Turkey, is now open to Americans arriving directly from the United States.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Cyprus, as of April 18, tourists may now travel from the United States to the Republic of Cyprus without an approved “Cyprus Flight Pass.” The new protocols, found here, are:
- If fully vaccinated (which means a booster for those 18 and older if it has been more than 270 days since completing vaccination, but a booster is not required for those under age 18), a U.S. traveler does not need a negative pre-travel test.
- If not fully vaccinated or in possession of a valid certificate of recovery from COVID-19 in the past 180 days, passengers age 12 and older must present a negative PCR or rapid antigen test result (taken within 72 hours or 24 hours, respectively).
Some venues are still restricted to those with a valid “Safepass,” defined as a negative test (PCR or rapid antigen) in the previous 72 hours, proof of at least one dose of vaccination at least three weeks prior, or proof of having contracted coronavirus in the previous six months. For tourists, the CDC vaccination card will suffice.
As of April 9, the Czech Republic has suspended all entry restrictions related to COVID-19, and the entry ban for foreigners from third countries and the obligation to prove infection-free status via testing or proof of vaccination have been lifted. This means Americans can visit for tourism, whether they are vaccinated or not. Details can be found here and here.
The Embassy of the Czech Republic in Washington, D.C., and the U.S. Embassy in the Czech Republic both note that direct flights between the U.S. and the Czech Republic will resume this summer on Delta Airlines.
As of March 29, there are no longer any COVID-19-related restrictions for entering Denmark. Americans, whether they are vaccinated or not, can travel there for tourism.
Denmark also dropped all COVID-19 restrictions within the country as of Feb. 1, although private businesses and cultural institutions may continue to require certain things and there will be recommendations for the use of masks and “corona passports” in certain limited situations; face masks are required in airports.
Estonia reopened to Americans as of June 21, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy in Estonia, including for tourism. As of April 4, all U.S. travelers who have proof of being fully vaccinated, having recovered from COVID-19 in the past six months or having tested negative via a COVID-19 PCR or antigen test within the past 48 hours can enter for tourism.
All travelers must fill out an online declaration of health form within 72 hours before arrival in Estonia. A seven-day quarantine is required for any visitor who cannot provide proof of vaccination, recovery or a negative test. See more information here.
Masks are now recommended in indoor public spaces.
Americans can visit Finland for tourism — but only if they are vaccinated or recovered through at least May 8, per the Visit Finland tourism board.
Travelers from all countries, including the U.S., are now permitted to enter Finland, as long as they have been fully vaccinated for at least seven days (and within 270 days or a booster is required) prior to their visit. Travelers can also present a certificate showing they have recovered from COVID-19 within the past six months and have also received one COVID-19 vaccine shot at least seven days prior to arrival. The Finnish government will accept vaccines authorized by the European Medicines Agency and/or World Health Organization. Acceptable vaccination certificates include the EU Digital COVID Certificate as well as those written in English, Finnish or Swedish.
Travelers who are unvaccinated or unrecovered can enter only for essential reasons (not tourism) through at least May 8 and must present a certificate of a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours or a certificate of having received the first dose in the COVID-19 vaccination series. Without either, they must have a COVID-19 test at the point of entry. In addition, unvaccinated travelers must have a second COVID-19 test within three to five days of arriving in Finland.
Details on entry requirements can be found here. All these requirements apply to any traveler born in 2006 and earlier.
The U.S. Embassy in Finland also notes that as of Dec. 21, 2021, U.S. citizens can use their CDC vaccination cards to access restaurants, bars, tourist attractions and/or recreational facilities; previously, U.S. citizens reported being refused entry into private and public establishments in Finland without an EU Digital COVID Certificate.
France now allows fully vaccinated (and boosted) U.S. travelers to enter with no pre-travel testing required. Unvaccinated U.S. travelers can also now visit for tourism, but need to present proof of a negative pre-travel test.
The U.S. is now designated “green” and fully vaccinated travelers (who are seven days past but within 270 days of the second injection of the Pfizer, Moderna or AstraZeneca vaccine or 28 days past but within 270 days of the single-injection Johnson & Johnson vaccine — or who have been boosted at least one week before travel) can present proof of vaccination to enter. They also need to provide a sworn statement attesting they do not have COVID-19 symptoms nor have they been in contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19.
Related: Updated France entry rules
Unvaccinated U.S. travelers, who previously had to be approved for essential travel, can now visit for tourism but they must provide proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours or antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding their flight. Testing upon arrival and quarantine requirements have ended.
Updates to entry restrictions can be found here.
As of March 14, France also ended the requirement for a Health Pass to enter public venues in France, with the exception of hospitals and nursing homes.
Americans are welcome in the country of Georgia, according to the U.S. Embassy in Georgia.Travelers must provide either proof of full vaccination or a negative PCR test result conducted 72 hours or less before arrival in Georgia. Travelers under 10 years old are exempt from testing obligations.
The German government confirmed that Americans are welcome as of June 20, 2021. And with omicron-wave cases in the country having peaked after a two-month surge, the government announced on Feb.16 that it would begin lifting some capacity and gathering restrictions, with the general lifting of many COVID-19 restrictions as of March 20 — although some states can extend them based on local cases.
Germany dropped all countries from its “high-risk” list on March 3, but according to the U.S. Embassy in Germany, travelers from the U.S. still need to be fully vaccinated or, if unvaccinated, demonstrate an important reason for entering Germany and be approved by the government.
U.S. travelers age 12 and older entering Germany must present proof of vaccination. Until Sept. 30, 2022, you qualify as fully vaccinated if you have had at least two (2) vaccinations, each of which is authorized by the European Union. Starting Oct. 1, 2022, you will need to have three (3) vaccinations to qualify as fully vaccinated, with the last vaccination carried out at least three months after the second vaccination.
Children under the age of 12 who are accompanied by a fully vaccinated parent should provide proof of vaccination or proof of recovery from COVID-19 in the last 6 months or a negative COVID-19 test (PCR or antigen taken within 48 hours of arrival). Children under the age of 6 do not need a test to enter Germany.
The latest updates for travel can be found here.
Masks may still be required in some indoor public spaces.
Greece began welcoming U.S. travelers on April 19, 2021, and several cruise lines, including Celebrity, also spent last summer sailing the Greek islands from Athens.
As of May 1, all travelers to Greece are no longer required to present a vaccination certificate, proof of recovery from COVID-19 or proof of a negative PCR or antigen test.
As of March 15, it is also no longer mandatory to complete an online passenger locator form but filling out a simplified version of the form is recommended.
Face masks are still required in indoor public spaces and some crowded outdoor settings.
Check the U.S. Embassy in Greece website for additional information.
As of March 7, Hungary ended all COVID-19-related travel restrictions for travelers, including Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Hungary.
Iceland is welcoming U.S. travelers — and as of Feb. 25, there are no longer any testing or vaccination requirements to enter from any country.
Read the latest updates on Icelandair’s website.
Check the U.S. Embassy in Iceland website for additional information.
As of March 6, Ireland has dropped all COVID-19-related entry requirements for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers, and completing a passenger locator form is no longer required.
For additional information, visit the U.S. Embassy in Ireland’s website.
Americans are allowed to visit Italy for tourism. As of March 1, all travelers need to be asymptomatic and show proof of full vaccination, have proof of recovery from a COVID-19 infection within the past 90 days or provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival to avoid self-isolation.
Those who are vaccinated must have had their final dose within the past 270 days or they must be boosted. The white CDC card is accepted.
All unvaccinated travelers unable to prove recovery from COVID-19 in the past 90 days must present proof of a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 72 or 48 hours, respectively, or they will be required to self-isolate for five days and undergo a PCR or antigen test at the end of isolation.
Unvaccinated children age 6 and older accompanied by a fully vaccinated parent/caregiver must take the predeparture COVID-19 test; children under age 6 are exempt.
All passengers traveling to Italy had been required to fill out the EU Digital Passenger Locator Form, but that requirement ended on May 1.
In addition, as of Aug. 6, 2021, Italy requires proof of vaccination to visit museums, dine in restaurants, use public transportation and access most other indoor venues. The decree defines a “Super Green Pass” which will be granted only to people who are fully vaccinated or who have recovered from COVID-19. Individuals will be able to continue receiving a “Basic Green Pass” by testing negative for coronavirus.
The Super Green Pass is now required to stay in hotels and bed-and-breakfasts, to use all public transportation (including local buses, metros and trains and to board airplanes and high-speed trains), as well as some social activities such as museums, indoor dining, theaters and sporting and entertainment events.
The CDC vaccination card and a government-issued photo ID are accepted for Americans to access indoor venues. Unvaccinated travelers may be able to gain access by showing proof of a negative COVID-19 test within the last 48 hours.
The Green Pass is being rolled back gradually in certain venues since April 1, but U.S. travelers would carry photo ID and their white CDC card to be able to enter certain venues.
Until at least June 15, the use of FFP2 and KN95 masks is mandatory to participate in all indoor and outdoor cultural and recreational events, and on all public transportation.
Kosovo has reopened its borders to Americans and Pristina International Airport (PRN) is open. According to the U.S. Embassy in Kosovo, as of May 1, travelers can enter Kosovo without proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test, but the embassy says that travelers should bring their vaccination certificate with them, because it is still required to enter certain indoor spaces.
But the embassy also notes: “Airlines, transit points, and destination countries impose a patchwork of different testing requirements and airlines may refuse boarding for some passengers (including U.S. citizens and Kosovo residents). Airlines have the sole authority to decide who they allow to board their aircraft. Generally, pre-travel testing is recommended.”
To dine inside restaurants or enter museums, malls or public institutions, you must show evidence of vaccination or a negative PCR or rapid antigen test.
Americans can visit Latvia and, according to the U.S. Embassy in Latvia, the country ended entry protocols for travelers from non-high-risk countries as of April 1. Currently, there are no countries on the high-risk list and Americans can visit whether they are vaccinated or not without the need to pre-test or register.
Medical masks and/or masks marked as FPP2, FFP3 or KN95 must be worn in airports and on public transportation, regardless of vaccination status. This requirement does not apply to children until 12 years of age.
Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein, meaning that as long as you are qualified to enter Switzerland, you are able to enter Liechtenstein since there’s an open border between the two countries.
All Americans had been allowed in for tourism as of June 28, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy, and as of May 2 all Americans, no matter their vaccination status, can enter Liechtenstein without any pandemic-related measures.
All COVID-19 restrictions for businesses and public transportation have also been lifted. Details are here.
Americans can visit Lithuania for any purpose, and as of May 1, all COVID-19-related , according to the U.S. Embassy in Lithuania, and as of May 1 all COVID-19-related entry requirements have been lifted.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Luxembourg, as of Nov. 7, 2021, fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S. are again allowed to enter Luxembourg and the CDC card is accepted as proof of vaccination. People arriving by air from a Schengen Area country (but not if travel originated in the United States) can, if unvaccinated and unrecovered, present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding the flight.
Details on travel to Luxembourg are available here.
Masks and CovidCheck are no longer required for entrance to bars, restaurants and stores (only for hospitals and nursing homes), but masks are required on public transport. Read more about Luxembourg’s restrictions here.
Vaccinated Americans can travel to Malta with a CDC-issued COVID-19 vaccination record. And, as of April 11, unvaccinated and recovered travelers can also now enter with proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or a recovery certificate issued within 180 days of travel.
American travelers must verify their CDC card through the VeriFly app by uploading vaccine information and other required travel documentation to activate their “Trip to Malta” pass, per the U.S. Embassy in Malta.
U.S. residents also had to fill out the digital EU passenger locator form, but that is no longer required as of May 2.
In addition, the U.S. Embassy notes that as of Jan. 17, vaccination certificates will expire on fixed dates based on the date of a person’s last vaccine dose. Individuals without a booster shot will no longer be recognized as fully vaccinated by the government of Malta if their second dose was more than three months ago; booster doses are valid for nine months. Those who are not considered to be fully vaccinated may not be able to enter Malta, or may be required to quarantine. Currently, vaccination is accepted if the last dose was within three months; booster doses extend validity for nine months. Details are available on the Ministry of Health website.
Masks are required now only in certain settings such as hospitals, care homes and flights into Malta.
As of March 16, Moldova has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions and Americans are permitted to enter Moldova, but the country’s proximity to Ukraine makes travel there inadvisable at this time. Airspace had been closed through March 21, but has reopened.
Face masks are now recommended but not required in all indoor public spaces.
The Embassy of Monaco in Washington, D.C., reports that as of Feb. 12, fully vaccinated travelers over the age of 11 from the U.S. and Canada are permitted to travel to Monaco (whose immigration is overseen by France) for tourism with proof of full vaccination (a booster is required for those age 18 and older if the final dose was more than nine months ago) and no required pre-travel test (children under age 12 are exempt from testing). Travelers must also sign a sworn statement attesting to an absence of symptoms and no contact with an infected individual.
France recently relisted the U.S. as a “green country,” so unvaccinated U.S. travelers age 12 and older can again visit Monaco for tourism and must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of boarding or a negative antigen test taken within 24 hours of boarding. Requirements for random antigen testing upon arrival and seven days of self-isolation have ended.
France handles immigration and customs for Monaco. Details are here.
Montenegro is open to Americans and the U.S. Embassy in Montenegro notes that as of March 11, no proof of vaccination, COVID-19 passports/certificates or COVID-19 tests are required to enter Montenegro.
Face masks must be worn on all public transportation and in hospitals and collective accommodations; in all other settings, masks are recommended but optional.
According to the U.S. Embassy in the Netherlands, passengers arriving from outside of the EU/Schengen Area who are fully vaccinated or who have proof of recovery from COVID-19 within 11-180 days no longer need to present a negative COVID-19 test to enter the Netherlands as of March 23.
As of April 20, travelers also no longer need to complete an online health declaration form before traveling to the Netherlands.
Unvaccinated travelers who are traveling for essential reasons (tourism is not allowed without a vaccination or recovery certificate) are strongly advised to test on days two and five.
The country also lifted COVID-19 restrictions on social venues as of Feb. 25.
North Macedonia is now open to all tourists, including Americans, with no testing or vaccination requirements, according to the U.S. Embassy in North Macedonia.
As of Feb. 12, Norway’s travel restrictions have been lifted. The same rules as prior to the COVID-19 pandemic now apply. There are no requirements for testing, quarantine or registration upon arrival in Norway.
Unvaccinated people are advised to be careful when traveling to Svalbard, where testing before and after arrival will continue, according to the U.S. Embassy in Norway.
Detailed information about travel to Norway and national and local COVID-19 prevention measures are available on Health Norway’s website.
As of March 28, Poland has lifted all vaccination and testing requirements for all arriving travelers, including those from outside the EU/Schengen area. All U.S. citizens are now permitted to visit.
Details and updates can be found here.
Face masks are mandatory in indoor public spaces and on public transportation.
All travelers 12 and older arriving in Portugal by air from the United States must present a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding or a laboratory antigen test taken within 24 hours of boarding. This is required even for those who are fully vaccinated but do not have an approved EU Digital COVID Certificate (Portugal currently only accepts certificates from countries that accept the EU Digital COVID Certificate, so not the U.S.), regardless of the point of origin of the flight or the passenger’s nationality.
For entry into the Azores — airports in Ponta Delgada and Terceira — you must show results of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours before boarding (or antigen test approved by EU and taken within 48 hours of boarding) or proof of a valid EU Digital COVID Certificate. Alternatively, travelers who already had COVID-19 can present a Declaration of Immunity.
There are currently no restrictions for entry to Madeira.
As of March 9, Romania has lifted all COVID-19-related entry restrictions, according to the U.S. Embassy in Romania, and foreign citizens entering Romania no longer need proof of vaccination or a negative test result.
The embassy cautions that regulations continue to change, so before traveling to Romania travelers are advised to consult their airline as well as the Embassy of Romania in Washington, D.C., for entry requirements.
Romania also borders Ukraine, where armed conflict continues.
Travel to Russia at this time is not advised due to the invasion of Ukraine by Russian forces, which has limited international transportation options as airlines have canceled flights to and from the country. In addition, most cruise lines have canceled scheduled port calls on St. Petersburg and even entire Baltic itineraries during the summer 2022 cruise season.
The Russian government requires that all foreign travelers present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result upon arrival, dated within two days prior to arrival in Russia, along with completion of a digital form that must be printed out and presented to customs in Russia.
The U.S. Embassy Moscow advises U.S. citizens not to travel to Russia as the country’s infrastructure has been unsettled by global sanctions imposed since the Ukraine invasion and because Russia is one of the countries “most affected” by COVID-19. Cases and deaths have surged, hitting record highs through mid-February.
As of May 3, all travelers entering Serbia no longer need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test, according to the U.S. Embassy in Serbia. Most pandemic-related restrictions have gradually been lifted.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Slovakia, as of April 6, all COVID-19 requirements for entry to Slovakia are canceled, regardless of vaccination status, and Americans are allowed to visit for tourism.
As of April 6, most social restrictions were ended and masks are no longer required in outdoor public spaces. However, in indoor public spaces and at all mass events, FFP2/KN95/N95 masks (“respirators”) are required for people ages 6 and up.
The U.S. Embassy notes that there are no direct flights from the U.S. to Slovakia and if you fly into an airport in a neighboring country, you need to comply with all requirements for transiting passengers for the country where the airport is located.
Slovenia reopened its borders to all visitors as of Feb 19, ending its RVT (recovered, vaccinated or tested) rule for entry, according to the Slovenian Tourist Board. Additional information is available here.
The U.S. Embassy in Slovenia website, however, was not up to date with this information as of May 7.
All travelers entering Slovenia by air or sea still need to fill out a digital passenger locator form.
Museums, shops and other businesses are open with social distancing restrictions. Restaurants are open and indoor dining is allowed with restrictions. FP2 (N95) face masks or surgical masks are required in indoor public spaces and on public transport.
As of Sept. 6, 2021, Spain requires proof of vaccination for U.S. tourists or proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours prior to arrival for unvaccinated travelers who meet exceptional situations to enter the country.
Visitors arriving for tourism must be fully vaccinated at least 14 days before arrival, with the last shot no more than 270 days prior to arrival or a booster shot is required at least 14 days before entry.
Unvaccinated travelers who meet exceptional situations must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test (a PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival or an antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival). Unvaccinated people traveling for tourism are not allowed to enter Spain; a decision to allow this was recently reversed.
Unvaccinated children under the age of 12 may accompany fully vaccinated adults.
All U.S. travelers must present a QR code upon arrival in Spain, generated through the Spain Travel Health portal. The Spanish government requires all passengers coming to Spain from outside the country who do not have an EU Digital COVID Certificate to complete the Health Control Form portion via the Spain Health Portal at least 48 hours prior to departure to the country, including international transits. You may begin to fill out the form at any time prior to your trip, excluding sections that are limited to two days prior to your arrival. Both the form and associated QR code are necessary for entry.
Travelers will also undergo temperature checks upon arrival. The Spanish Ministry of Health maintains a list of countries by risk designation; currently no countries have special designations.
As of April 1, all COVID-19-related entry restrictions and bans by Sweden have been lifted and traveling to the country does not involve showing proof of vaccination or a negative test, according to the Swedish Border Police.
The U.S. Embassy in Sweden also has information on traveling to Sweden.
As of Feb. 9, Sweden has dropped all domestic COVID-19 restrictions, including the wearing of face masks on public transit and capacity limits and vaccine requirements for restaurants.
Americans had been allowed in for tourism as of June 28, 2021, according to the U.S. Embassy in Switzerland, and as of May 2 all Americans, whether vaccinated or not, can visit Switzerland without any COVID-19 -related protocols..
All COVID-19 restrictions for business and public transportation have also been lifted as of May 2. Details are here.
Turkey’s international borders are open for travelers from a number of countries, including the U.S., according to the U.S. Embassy in Turkey.
Related: Turkey is open to Americans
According to the U.S Embassy, arriving passengers age 12 or older must have one of the following:
- A negative COVID-19 PCR test taken at most 72 hours before arrival or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival.
- A COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing that they were fully vaccinated at least 14 days before arrival.
- A COVID-19 recovery certificate issued at most six months before arrival.
Unvaccinated travelers without the required test results will not be allowed to board flights or enter the country.
All travelers 6 years of age and older must also complete a Turkey Entrance Form within 72 hours of their flight (a printout or mobile screenshot of the completed form must be presented before boarding). Full details are on the Turkish Airlines website.
Upon arrival, travelers will be asked to fill out a passenger information form and undergo medical screenings (including a random PCR test), and anyone showing symptoms upon arrival will be tested for coronavirus. Anyone who tests positive will be referred to a Turkish hospital for quarantine and treatment.
According to the U.S Embassy, passengers over the age of 18, regardless of their nationality, who have not been vaccinated or with no record of COVID-19 recovery are required to submit a negative PCR test result, performed at most 48 hours before their domestic flight.
The Turkish Ministry of Health announced on March 2 that masks are no longer required outdoors and indoors if air circulation and social distancing are adequate. Restaurants are open without restrictions.
Due to heavy and sustained armed war with Russia within Ukraine, the government’s state of emergency and COVID-19, any travel to Ukraine at this time is not advised. Those U.S. citizens currently in Ukraine should depart immediately, per the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine.
Prior to the tensions, all U.S. citizens age 12 and older entering Ukraine from the U.S. or another “Red Zone” country were required to present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of arrival or a document confirming the receipt of a full course of vaccination against COVID-19 with vaccines on the WHO’s list of approved vaccines.
U.S. citizens traveling to Ukraine must also demonstrate that they have medical insurance covering all expenses related to COVID-19 treatment while in Ukraine.
Since Aug. 5, 2021, all foreign tourists over 18 years old who have not been vaccinated must self-isolate for 10 days and monitor such via the Vdoma mobile app, to be shortened by testing negative within three days. Quarantine is not required if you are in the country for less than 72 hours.
Mask-wearing is mandatory on public transportation and in indoor public spaces.
As of March 18, the United Kingdom has lifted all COVID-19-related entry requirements, so U.S. travelers no longer need to show proof of vaccination, recovery or a negative test to enter. The need to fill out an online passenger locator pass has also ended.
Lockdown measures have been fully lifted in England, where pretty much everything has reopened to full capacity, indoors and out.
Visit the U.S. Embassy in the United Kingdom for regular updates.
Philip Goldson International Airport (BZE) reopened on Aug. 15, 2020, and the return of tourism began Oct. 1, 2020, with travel requirements in place. Americans are welcome to visit Belize, with vaccination or testing still required for entry, but as of April 1, the country has removed all remaining COVID-19 restrictions while in Belize for visitors and citizens alike.
The following guidelines are now in place:
- Masks are no longer mandatory both indoors and outside.
- All curfews have been removed.
- Social distancing is no longer required.
- All clubs, bars, restaurants and casinos are fully reopened to maximum capacity.
- There are no limits on any forms of social gatherings.
Fully vaccinated travelers who can show proof of vaccination are no longer required to present a negative COVID-19 test for entry to Belize, but proof of a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of arrival or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of arrival must be presented if unable to show proof of vaccination, or if the traveler is unvaccinated.
Mandatory testing will be administered at land border points and seaports for unvaccinated travelers. No test result taken prior to arrival will be accepted at the land borders or seaports.
All travelers to Belize are also required to purchase local travel health insurance (cost: $18 per person for a visit lasting up to 21 days) from Belize Travel Insurance.
Costa Rica has eased its entry requirements as of April 1. The country began its reopening in September 2020, and on Nov. 1, 2020, began welcoming Americans — without the need for a negative COVID-19 PCR test but with a pre-travel digital health pass and mandatory insurance required for the unvaccinated—and now those requirements have been lifted.
Most businesses are open and face masks are mandatory in all indoor public settings and outdoors when social distancing isn’t possible. Beaches are open and national parks are welcoming visitors at 100% capacity.
Travelers can also check the U.S. Embassy in Costa Rica website for information.
The country of El Salvador reopened for commercial flights to Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport (SAL) in San Salvador on Sept. 19, 2020.
Local businesses are open with no restrictions. According to the U.S. Embassy in El Salvador, as of Nov. 17, 2021, the government of El Salvador removed the COVID-19 test and/or vaccination requirements for entry. Travelers are advised to confirm with their airlines that the airline understands and has implemented this change to avoid complications at their departure airport.
The country has said arriving passengers will face temperature checks. A curfew is currently not in place and there are no quarantine requirements for visitors.
Guatemala began slowly reopening to tourism on Sept. 18, 2020, and Aurora International Airport (GUA) is accepting international arrivals. Vaccinated Americans are welcome to visit. The country is, however, prepared to deny entry to any traveler (including U.S. citizens) who have been in certain South African countries over the past 14 days, and/or require those allowed in to quarantine.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala, as of March 11, passengers age 12 and older whose final destination is Guatemala must present one of the following:
- Evidence of receiving a complete two-dose COVID-19 vaccination course (or one dose for Johnson & Johnson), with the final dose being administered at least two weeks before travel to Guatemala.
- Proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test from a certified lab conducted no more than three days prior to check-in at the airport or arrival at the land border.
Upon arrival, travelers must pass through health checkpoints and masks are required in some public settings.
Honduras reopened for tourists from all countries on Aug. 17, 2020, with its international airports in operation. Spirit Airlines has resumed service from Fort Lauderdale and Houston, and American Airlines is flying from Miami.
Entering visitors must complete a government registration form and print it, as well as present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 72 hours of check-in at the airport or their original vaccination certificate indicating they are 14 days or more past completing their vaccination. They will also be required to sign an affidavit and complete customs forms. Masks are required in all public spaces. Updates on guidelines can be found on the U.S. Embassy in Honduras website.
The local health authority maintains the right to grant or deny final approval for entry, based on its determination of risk of COVID-19 from any visiting travelers.
Individuals remaining out after 10 p.m. are required to carry their COVID-19 vaccination card. Bars and nightclubs remain closed and most businesses are required to operate with limited hours and reduced capacity.
Nicaragua never really shut down. There were never any stay-at-home or social distancing orders and because of these relaxed rules, there have been questions about how many cases Nicaragua actually has. The Nicaraguan government also never officially implemented any travel restrictions, but its borders and airports effectively closed until October 2020; only limited flights have since resumed (on Avianca and Copa) and American Airlines has set tentative dates for resumption of flights beginning in May.
The U.S. Embassy in Nicaragua notes that the Nicaraguan government has yet to officially impose any domestic travel restrictions or national quarantine policies. The embassy also states that U.S. travelers are allowed to enter Nicaragua, and a negative COVID-19 test result taken up to 72 hours of travel is required for entry. Travelers should also be prepared for additional health screenings and may be asked to produce their negative test. Anyone entering Nicaragua from a country with a known yellow fever risk must also show proof of vaccination at least 10 days prior to arrival.
Panama began reopening its airport back in late August 2020 and reopened to tourism on Oct. 12, 2020. The country currently requires all travelers to submit an online health affidavit and unvaccinated travelers must present a negative COVID-19 test.
Travelers who are at least two weeks past being fully vaccinated can show their vaccination certificate to avoid testing. Details are available here.
All unvaccinated travelers arriving in Panama must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within the last 72 hours. Any unvaccinated traveler who was unable to obtain a negative coronavirus test within that time frame can take a COVID-19 rapid antigen test at the airport upon arrival (the cost is $50), but if the result is positive they must quarantine for 14 days in a hotel.
Face masks are required in public spaces.
Argentina had one of the world’s strictest travel bans, restricting all international visitors until Nov. 1, 2021, when fully vaccinated foreigners (including Americans) were allowed to enter the country. Now, as of early April, all international visitors are welcome, without the need to be vaccinated or tested. See details here.
However, all travelers to Argentina must sign a sworn electronic statement within 48 hours before their arrival and have proof of health insurance valid for COVID-19 treatment in Argentina. And the Argentine government recommends that travelers who are unvaccinated or only partially vaccinated take a COVID-19 test (at their own cost) within 24 hours of arrival in the country.
Visit the U.S. Embassy in Argentina for additional information.
Bolivia had been off-limits to tourists, but the country is now open to visitors, according to the U.S. Embassy in Bolivia, with a notation that travelers should be prepared for additional travel restrictions affecting international travel to be put into effect with little or no advance notice.
U.S. citizens will need to obtain a tourist visa ($160 and valid for 30 days). Entry rules recently changed and now travelers to Bolivia, regardless of their country of origin, must:
- Submit a certified negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight (children 5 years old and younger are exempt).
- Submit a sworn statement of the location of stay within Bolivia.
- Unvaccinated travelers must quarantine after entering Bolivia (diplomats are exempt) and take another PCR test 72 hours after arrival (the cost of quarantine and testing must be covered by the traveler).
- Those who do not have permanent residence in Bolivia must have health insurance with coverage for COVID-19 upon entry to Bolivia.
Face masks are required in all public spaces and social distancing rules are in place.
The U.S. Embassy reports that commercial flights have resumed — Boliviana de Aviacion has flights between La Paz and Miami — but travelers should expect that additional restrictions affecting international travel could be put in place with little advance notice.
Brazil has had the most coronavirus cases in South America. Weekly cases due to the omicron surge hit a record 1.3 million in late January 2022. Cases have since eased, although the country recently surpassed 662,000 deaths.
Fully vaccinated tourists are currently welcome and while Brazil no longer requires proof of health insurance for entry, the U.S. State Department continues to recommend that all travelers purchase insurance before departing the United States. For updates, check the U.S. Embassy in Brazil’s website.
The pre-travel negative COVID-19 test required since Dec. 30, 2020, for all vaccinated travelers age 12 and older arriving in Brazil by air has been lifted as of April 1. Only unvaccinated travelers who meet exceptions to the vaccine requirement must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test or a negative laboratory antigen test taken within one day of boarding.
Fully vaccinated travelers to Brazil age 12 and older are required to present proof of full vaccination to their airline. It can be electronic or printed, but proof in the form of just a QR code will not be accepted.
Chile is welcoming international travelers — and proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test is no longer required, although all travelers may be randomly tested upon arrival.
- Register at mevacuno.gob.cl to obtain a 30-day mobility pass (this process might take more than four weeks), which is necessary to travel within the country and for indoor dining at restaurants.
- Fill out the Affidavit for Travelers form online, up to 48 hours before departure. The form will issue a QR code as a means of verification.
- Have medical insurance with coverage of at least $30,000 for COVID-19-related care.
- Possibly take a random rapid antigen test upon arrival (if older than age 2) and remain at the point of entry until getting a negative result.
Americans are allowed to travel to Colombia, where international flights resumed on Sept. 21, 2020, and according to the U.S. Embassy in Colombia, that now includes tourists. As of May 1, all visitors age 18 and older need to provide proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours or a negative antigen test taken within 24 hours of their departure to Colombia.
Cruise ship passengers must also present proof of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of disembarking in a Colombian port.
Ecuador is again open for Americans and as of Feb. 11, all arriving passengers over 3 years old are now required to present a vaccination card showing completion of COVID-19 vaccination (at least 14 days prior to travel) or results of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours prior to boarding their flight, per the Ecuador Tourism website. All visitors must also fill out an online health declaration form.
Requirements for the Galapagos Islands are now the same as entry into Ecuador; travelers who aren’t fully vaccinated can use the same PCR test result if they are transiting directly to the Galapagos upon arrival in Ecuador and their test is still within the required 72-hour time frame at the time of boarding their flight to the Galapagos. If not, travelers need to test again in Ecuador. Travelers to the Galapagos also need a “salvoconducto” (transit control card) from their tour operator and should contact the operator directly for that document.
The U.S. State Department’s travel advisory for Ecuador is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution and the CDC’s advisory for the country is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19. Visit the U.S. Embassy in Ecuador website for additional information.
According to the U.S. Embassy, Americans can visit Guyana. As of Feb. 11, all travelers age 12 and older must present proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (at least two weeks past their final shot) and all travelers must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within 72 hours of travel. Passengers must also provide a copy of the test result (in English) and their proof of vaccination to their airline at check-in and to Port Health officials upon arrival.
Restaurants are open and dining is allowed at 100% capacity. Mask-wearing in public is no longer mandatory, but is strongly encouraged.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Paraguay, all individuals age 12 and older must present proof of full vaccination while anyone age 12 and older who is unvaccinated must present proof of a negative RT-PCR/LAMP/NAAT test taken within 72 hours before boarding their flight.
The U.S. Embassy says that U.S. citizens do not need a visa for visits up to 90 days for tourism or business.
The U.S. Embassy in Peru reports that direct flights from the U.S. are available and Americans are welcome to enter Peru, although testing is required for all unvaccinated visitors to enter the country (as well as most public transportation and businesses) and the country’s health emergency has been extended through Aug. 28.
All passengers age 12 and older must present proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of departure for Peru (children under 12 must only be asymptomatic to board) and complete an online electronic Affidavit of Health and Geolocation Authorization administered by Migraciones.
Peru instituted regional risk metrics of High, Very High and Extreme, based on COVID-19 risk, subject to review every 21 days. KN95 or double face masks are now required to enter indoor spaces and on public transport.
According to the U.S. Embassy, all passengers older than 18 years of age using commercial transportation to travel domestically in Peru by land or air must present proof of vaccination or a negative molecular test taken within 48 hours. As of Feb. 28, everyone age 40 and older must present proof of having had a booster. Additionally, anyone over 18 years old is also not allowed to enter the premises of public businesses without their physical or virtual ID card that proves they have completed, in Peru or abroad, their COVID-19 vaccination schedule. As of Feb. 28, a third booster dose is required for people over 40 years old.
Check the Peru Tourism website for additional updates.
Uruguay reopened to fully vaccinated international travelers on Nov. 1, 2021, and commercial flights have resumed. According to the U.S. Embassy in Uruguay, here’s what’s required to enter:
- Vaccinated travelers require proof of vaccination, but no longer require a pre-travel negative test.
- Unvaccinated travelers require a negative PCR test within 72 hours before initiating travel, and an additional PCR test seven days after arrival ($100 cost to the traveler) or they need complete self-quarantine for 14 days. (Minors under age 6 are exempt.)
- All travelers will be screened for body temperature at the port of entry.
- Proof of health insurance effective in Uruguay for the duration of your stay is required for all foreign travelers entering Uruguay.
- A signed declaration of health completed within 48 hours before initiating travel is required. This online form can be found here.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Venezuela, limited flights to the country resumed in early November 2020 and, per the Venezuelan Civil Aviation Authority, are limited to Mexico, Panama, the Dominican Republic, Turkey, Russia, Spain and Bolivia. Flights to Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Cuba and Argentina began in December 2021.
The U.S. State Department has issued a Level 4: Do Not Travel advisory. Current entry requirements are that U.S. travelers must apply for and obtain a visa and all arriving passengers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of arrival (but the embassy notes that this could be subject to change). There are health screenings upon arrival, but no quarantine is currently required.
Bangladesh requires international visitors, including those from the United States, to be fully vaccinated or present a negative COVID-19 test result, according to the U.S. Embassy in Bangladesh.
U.S. citizens need a valid visa or “no visa required” seal to enter and must complete a passenger health declaration form within three days of travel to Bangladesh. Fully vaccinated travelers do not need to present proof of a negative pre-travel test, but those age 12 and older who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated must have a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours of travel to Bangladesh.
Cambodia has reopened for tourism — with no pre-travel testing or quarantine for fully vaccinated travelers, including Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Cambodia. The new rules allow travelers to visit any place in the country as long as they follow entry protocols.
Currently, all visitors allowed to enter the country need to be fully vaccinated and present proof of vaccination to avoid a 7-day quarantine designated by the minister of health and a post-arrival PCR test.
All travelers must also obtain a visa to enter the country and are encouraged to purchase COVID-19 health insurance valid in Cambodia.
China was where COVID-19 emerged, and the country suspended entry for nearly all foreigners — including all foreign spectators for the Beijing Winter Olympics, which took place Feb. 4-19 — and slashed the volume of international passenger flights to and from the country in March 2020. An outbreak in Xian in December 2021 and January 2022 resulted in a monthlong lockdown of the city’s 13 million residents and a new wave in March has resulted in lockdowns in Shanghai and Guangzhou.
Strict anti-travel measures remain in place. Flights have resumed and in September 2020 the State Department eased its travel advisory for China, lowering it from Level 4: Do Not Travel to Level 3: Reconsider Travel, mainly due to arbitrary enforcement of local laws. The CDC’s advisory for China is Level 1: Low Level of COVID-19.
The U.S. Embassy in China says that U.S. citizens with valid resident permits and visas can enter China “under certain conditions.” On Dec. 23, 2020, Chinese authorities increased the requirements for passengers seeking to enter China from the United States. Both COVID-19 PCR testing and IgM antibody tests (with special requirements for individuals vaccinated with Pfizer, Moderna or Johnson & Johnson vaccines) must be performed in the departure city for the last (direct) flight to China, and a 14-day quarantine after arrival followed by more testing is required. Per the PRC Embassy website, China seems to have added an antigen test requirement as of April 1.
The U.S. Embassy notes that testing upon arrival and for release from quarantine may include blood tests, as well as oral, nasal and anal swab tests.
As of May 1, non-resident foreigners can again enter Hong Kong.
Hong Kong, which earlier this year experienced its worst outbreak of the pandemic and banned direct flights from eight countries (including the U.S) from Jan. 8- March 31, began easing some of its travel restrictions on April 1, opening for Hong Kong residents who have been abroad and transit passengers (who had been banned since Jan. 16).
Now, according to the U.S. Consulate General Hong Kong and Macau, foreign travelers can again visit. Those entering Hong Kong from any overseas location outside of Greater China (including Taiwan) must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and hold a recognized vaccination record. They must also show a booking for seven nights at a designated quarantine hotel and present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 48 hours of their departure flight to Hong Kong.
Travelers from the Mainland and Macau fall into three groups. Those who enter Hong Kong on the Return2hk or the Come2hk schemes may enter quarantine-free. (See the Hong Kong Government websites for further information: Come2hk Scheme and Return2hk Scheme.) Non-Hong Kong residents may participate in the Come2hk scheme. Those who are not using these schemes for entry face a seven-day quarantine.
Transit passengers are allowed as of April 1, according to Airport Authority Hong Kong. Transit passengers are international travelers who are only flying into Hong Kong in order to catch another flight. Transit passengers cannot leave the airport.
Travelers visiting for tourism purposes had been banned from entry, but as of October 2021, India began issuing fresh tourist visas and welcoming select tourists on chartered flights, followed by other travelers on non-chartered flights.
The U.S. Embassy in India notes that travel to India for tourism and other short-term purposes resumed fully for individuals holding tourist or e-tourist visas. Valid visas, which were previously suspended due to COVID-19 precautions, have been fully reinstated and are valid for travel until their printed expiration dates.
According to the U.S. Embassy, as of Feb. 14 all international passengers age 5 and older must upload a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within 72 hours of travel OR a vaccination certificate proving full vaccination (India recognizes the CDC vaccination card) to the Air Suvidha portal and submit a self-declaration form detailing their past 14 days of travel 72 hours prior to the start of travel to India.
Passengers may be tested again upon arrival (2% will be selected at random) and must self-monitor for 14 days. U.S. citizens who must travel to India are strongly urged to get fully vaccinated before travel and continue to take personal health safety measures to protect themselves.
Some Indian states also require testing upon arrival and/or quarantine for all individuals arriving from outside the state’s borders.
Visit the Indira Gandhi International Airport website for the latest updates to COVID-19 protocols, which vary by state.
Indonesia is finally open again for tourism, after months of stops and starts.
Indonesia had been reopening gradually in 2020, but in August 2020 the country canceled plans to reopen Bali until a yet-to-be-determined date. That date turned out to be Oct. 14, 2021, for select foreign travelers from 19 countries — but not the United States — who would be allowed to visit Bali for tourism. But without international flights, the process was slow to roll out, finally happening in early February.
On Feb. 4, Bali reopened to all international visitors. And now the entry protocols are the same throughout Indonesia. According to the U.S. Embassy in Indonesia, travelers entering the country through airports, seaports and land borders must be fully vaccinated and show negative results from a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of departure. They will undergo a symptom check upon arrival and are also required to have international health insurance valid for COVID-19 treatment and medical evacuation from Indonesia and download the PeduliLindungi app.
Travelers must also have a short-visit visa or other entry permit; visas upon arrival are again available.
Proof of full vaccination plus a booster dose is also required to board domestic flights; without a booster, a negative antigen test taken within 24 hours or a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours is required.
Japan, which banned entry by all foreign nationals on Nov. 29, 2021, in response to the omicron variant, began phasing in nontourist entry as of March 1.
Since March 1, according to the U.S. Embassy in Japan, foreign students, technical trainees and business travelers are allowed to enter Japan in limited numbers. The embassy advises travelers who believe they qualify for entry to monitor the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website and the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare’s website, or contact the nearest Japanese embassy or consulate for additional information. Students and technical trainees should contact their educational institutions directly for guidance.
Japan experienced record-high cases into early February and case levels remain elevated.
The Japanese government requires all returning citizens or residents as well as foreign travelers with permission to enter to be fully vaccinated and boosted to avoid quarantine, to submit a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their international departure, test again upon arrival and download several smartphone apps. If they are not boosted or are unvaccinated, they must also quarantine for seven days (or three days with a PCR or antigen test on day three) at home or a government-designated hotel. Details are available here.
The landlocked Central Asian nation of Kazakhstan has reopened to Americans arriving via its international airports (visa-free for 30 days), according to the U.S. Embassy in Kazakhstan. International flights from Azerbaijan, China, South Korea, the Czech Republic, Germany and the United Arab Emirates have resumed. Overland travel into Kazakhstan is limited to entry via Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
A negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours (three days) of arrival is required for all travelers age 5 and older. The U.S. Embassy notes that travelers who enter with an elevated temperature will be isolated in a facility for infectious diseases. Masks are required in all indoor and outdoor public settings.
The U.S. Embassy in the Kyrgyz Republic says the entry ban for U.S. citizens was lifted in December 2020, but advises citizens the country continues to offer limited health care services. Those who do visit Kyrgyzstan via airports in Bishkek, Osh and Issyk Kul (land borders remain closed to Americans) no longer need to present either their original vaccine card showing full vaccination against COVID-19 or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. But the U.S. Embassy still recommends carrying both since requirements are subject to change with little to no notice.
As of May 9, fully vaccinated travelers can enter Laos without undergoing pre-travel or arrival testing. Travelers age 12 and older who are unvaccinated or partially vaccinated are required to present a negative antigen test result taken within 48 hours of departure for Laos.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Laos, the CDC vaccination card is accepted.
Most Americans cannot travel to Macau. According to the U.S. Consulate General Hong Kong & Macau, only U.S. citizens within Macau, mainland China, Hong Kong or Taiwan residency (or those who have spent the preceding 21 days in mainland China) and have the appropriate visa are permitted to enter Macau.
According to the U.S. Consulate General, travelers who have been in mainland China, Hong Kong or Taiwan 21 days before entry must present proof of a negative COVID-19 nucleic acid test conducted within the past seven days, 48 hours or 24 hours, depending on their point of origin; quarantine also depends on the traveler’s point of origin. Details can be found here. Nonresident Americans who have been outside mainland China or Macau in the past 21 days must prove their entrance into Macau would be in Macau’s public interest.
Note: According to the U.S. Consulate General, as of May 8, a series of COVID tests will be required for all persons who have entered Macau. Visitors from Taiwan, Hong Kong, or any country outside China will be required to take 8 COVID tests at a cost of 2000 Macau dollars. Visitors coming from the Mainland will have to pay 1250 Macau dollars for 5 tests.
See links on the U.S.Consulate General website for full details.
All outbound travelers from Macau must also test negative within seven days of departure.
As of April 1, Malaysia has lifted most entry restrictions on foreign nationals, according to the U.S. Embassy in Malaysia, And as of May 1, fully vaccinated travelers and children under age 12 no longer need to present a pre-travel negative COVID-19 test or take a test upon arrival.
The embassy reports that arriving travelers must fully comply with all Malaysian entry requirements, including downloading and updating the MySejahtera app, and completing the digital predeparture form.
There is no quarantine requirement for fully vaccinated travelers or any traveler 17 or younger, unless they receive a positive test result on arrival. However, travelers who were vaccinated outside of Malaysia must submit their vaccine records in advance of travel through the MySafeTravel web portal. Entry restrictions may change with little advance notice.
Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated travelers must obtain a negative PCR test result two days prior to departure and undergo a professionally administered COVID-19 test within 24 hours of arrival. They will also be issued a digital Home Surveillance Order and are required to quarantine for five days.
Travelers to the Maldives are no longer required to present a pre-travel negative test as of March 14, when the island nation’s public health emergency was revoked. However, travelers (with the exception of arriving tourists and returning residents of the Maldives) are encouraged to take a PCR test between three and five days after arrival.
According to the Maldives Immigration website, travelers do not need to be vaccinated for entry. However, all international visitors, including Americans, must still complete a traveler declaration within 72 hours prior to travel. A free 30-day tourist visa will be issued upon arrival. Further details can be found here.
The latest update on resort openings can be found here.
Emirates is offering connections through Dubai from major global cities including Chicago. Etihad resumed flights from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, to the Maldives starting in July 2020. Turkish Airlines also started flights in July 2020.
Additional info can be found on the U.S. Mission to the Maldives website (but entry protocols had yet to be updated as of April 21). The U.S. State Department’s advisory for the Maldives is Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution and the CDC’s advisory for the country is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
Mongolia lifted its restrictions on outbound and inbound travel in June 2021 and ended pre-travel testing requirements in March 2022, according to the U.S. Embassy in Mongolia.
U.S. citizens are allowed to visit, according to the U.S. Embassy, and do not need a visa for a stay of under 90 days (but for stays of more than 30 days, travelers are required to register and failure to do so will incur a fine of $100-$300). Passengers do not need to be vaccinated, but they must fill out a medical declaration form upon arrival.
Nepal, which had remained mostly closed to tourism until early 2021, has fully reopened and as of March 10, all travelers arriving by air may now receive on-arrival visas without quarantine (subject to negative testing results), regardless of their COVID-19 vaccination status.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Nepal, changes to restrictions and requirements can be enacted with little notice. With the March 10 changes, travelers can enter with proof of full vaccination and those who are not fully vaccinated can enter by presenting a negative result of a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding their flight for Nepal.
Pakistan has reopened for Americans. However, the U.S. State Department’s Level 3 advisory says, “Reconsider travel to Pakistan due to terrorism and sectarian violence. Some areas have increased risk.” The CDC’s advisory for the country is Level 1: Low Level of COVID-19.
According to the U.S. Embassy, vaccinated individuals can enter Pakistan with proof of full vaccination, while unvaccinated individuals over the age of 12 must present the results of a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding their flight if they have proof of being medically exempt from vaccination.
Americans wishing to travel to Pakistan will need a visa. They will also need to download and install the Pass Track app. Guidelines can be found here.
There are few remaining COVID-19 restrictions and there is no curfew at this time.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Manila, the Philippines is now granting entry to fully vaccinated visitors from countries that are permitted visa-free travel for up to 30 days, including the United States, but when entering they must have a valid departure ticket within that time frame.
Fully vaccinated travelers who have completed their vaccination series more than 14 days prior to travel are no longer subject to facility-based quarantine. They must complete a BOQ e-Health Declaration Card to receive a QR code, present a negative result from a PCR test taken within 48 hours (or a laboratory antigen test taken within 24 hours) of departure from their country of origin, have health insurance valid in the Philippines for COVID-19 care up to $35,000 and must self-monitor for symptoms for seven days after arrival, reporting to local government authorities if they begin to exhibit COVID-19 symptoms.
Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers are not allowed entry into the Philippines. Travelers who are unable to present acceptable proof of vaccination will be subject to quarantine in a government facility until the release of a negative RT-PCR test taken on the fifth day, followed by home quarantine until the 14th day.
Children under the age of 12 are exempt from the vaccination requirements.
As of April 1, all fully vaccinated travelers and children under 12 are able to enter Singapore quarantine-free via any flight. Details can be found here.
With the April 1 changes, travelers must complete an electronic SG Arrival Card, upload a digitally verifiable vaccination certificate within 72 hours of travel and, if arriving via air, present a negative result of a COVID-19 PCR or antigen test taken within two days of departure for Singapore. They must also install and activate the TraceTogether mobile app and have a minimum of 30,000 Singapore dollars in travel health insurance.
Singapore had remained mostly closed for short-term visitors (including tourists) until Oct. 19, 2021, when fully vaccinated travelers from eight countries (including the United States) were once again allowed to enter via the Vaccinated Travel Lane program.
The current process for U.S. tourists, including the accepted Smart Health Cards to validate vaccination, can be found here. See the Singapore Airlines website and U.S. Embassy in Singapore website for additional information.
South Korea, which has had strict quarantine requirements for two years, has pulled back on restrictions after case numbers peaked in late March before beginning to decline. As of April 1, fully vaccinated travelers can register with South Korea’s Q-code website to obtain a QR code before travel that will be used to enter the country and skip the seven-day quarantine.
Foreign visitors must have received a two-dose vaccine, or the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine, at least two weeks before their trip to be considered fully vaccinated. Proof of a booster shot is required if it has been more than 180 days since vaccination. The Q-code system will ask for information such as your passport number, departure country, airline, phone number and vaccine records.
Foreign visitors arriving in South Korea by plane will also need to have a negative PCR test taken no more than 48 hours before departure. They are also required to undergo a second PCR test within one day after arrival and a rapid antigen test within six toseven days after arrival.
Sri Lanka had been closed to tourists since March 2020, but reopened its two international airports — Bandaranaike International Airport (CMB) and Mattala International Airport (HRI) — in early 2021 and has allowed tourism to resume.
All travelers can visit without quarantine as of April 20, according to the Sri Lanka Tourism website, and require a valid tourist visa and mandatory local health insurance ($12 for coverage for one month). Those who are fully vaccinated no longer need to present a pre-travel negative test while unvaccinated travelers must be tested in their own country and provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight or a negative antigen test taken within 48 hours.
Visit the U.S. Embassy in Sri Lanka website for additional updates.
Taiwan banned international tourism as of March 19, 2020. That ban remains in place, but as of March 7, 2022, the country is allowing the entry of international business travelers. They must apply for a special entry permit.
Aside from those entering for the purposes of business visits, investment, the fulfillment of contractual obligations and employment, only those with a valid Alien Resident Certificate or a special entry permit are allowed entry.
All arrivals must show proof of a negative PCR test taken within two calendar days of arrival and are subject to a 10-day quarantine in a hotel, home or a combination thereof. For additional information see the American Institute in Taiwan’s website.
Tajikistan never had a full lockdown, and most businesses, hotels and restaurants reopened on June 15, 2020.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Tajikistan, all Americans need a Tajik visa for entry (as well as government permission in advance if seeking to enter via a land border) and must show results of a negative COVID-19 PCR test issued within 72 hours of arrival when boarding flights to Dushanbe International Airport (DYU); they also may be subject to PCR testing at the airport upon arrival. Travelers must provide contact information and will be allowed to leave the airport, but if the result is positive for COVID-19, travelers will be transferred to a government quarantine facility.
The U.S. Embassy also notes that access to medical care in the country may be limited and that “the Government of Tajikistan frequently adjusts its entry and exit requirements in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and changes to policy are not immediately made available to the public.” An unexpired visa is also required to leave Tajikistan.
After suspending its Test & Go program in December 2021 due to the omicron variant, Thailand resumed its quarantine waiver for vaccinated travelers from all countries as of March 1, and as of May 1, international arrivals, both vaccinated and unvaccinated, can enter the country quarantine-free by following specific protocols.
- All travelers must obtain a free Thai Pass and have and have travel health insurance coverage with no less than $10,000 of coverage.
- Fully vaccinated travelers must have proof of vaccination with an approved vaccine, with the final dose at least 14 days prior to arrival. They will undergo a temperature check and assessment and then are free to explore the country.
- Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated travelers must upload a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel to the Thai Pass system and by doing so can also explore freely after an arrival assessment. If they do not upload a negative test, unvaccinated and partially vaccinated travelers must show proof of prepayment for a 5-night quarantine at government-approved hotel/s; such as, SHA Extra Plus (SHA++) hotel, or AQ Accommodation/s, plus proof of prepayment for a COVID-19 PCR test to be taken on day 4-5.
Details and rules are available here.
Since April 1, 2021, U.S. passport holders have not been required to obtain a visa for a tourist visit of up to 45 days in Thailand.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan, U.S. citizens are allowed to visit the country, but the U.S. State Department has issued a Level 3: Reconsider Travel advisory and the CDC’s advisory is Level Unknown (with advice not to travel there). In addition, the country’s suspension of all international flights has been extended until further notice.
Turkmenistan claims it doesn’t have any cases of COVID-19, but the embassy casts doubt on those claims. Any private U.S. citizen seeking to enter Turkmenistan will be required to present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test and a serology certificate confirming the presence of antibodies, both taken within 48 hours of departure from the U.S. or other point of origin. All travelers will also undergo a PCR test upon arrival ($44), followed by a 21-day quarantine in a government facility. Another PCR test ($44) is required to exit quarantine.
The U.S. Embassy notes: “The government of Turkmenistan can and does change quarantine requirements and arrival procedures for private citizens with little advance notice.”
Uzbekistan is open to Americans. U.S. citizens need a visa for entry, and either a vaccination certificate or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test from an approved lab (see the U.S. Embassy in Uzbekistan website) is required within 72 hours of arrival. Tourists face health screenings and those arriving via a land border will be required to take a rapid antigen test even if they have the required negative pre-travel test. Passengers must wait for results and if they test positive, they will be denied entry.
After almost two years, Vietnam has reopened to foreign tourists.
As of March 15, officials have resumed pre-pandemic visa-issuing policies and lifted COVID-19-related mandatory quarantine requirements for both foreigners and Vietnamese nationals entering the country. According to the U.S. Embassy in Vietnam, travelers now only have to show proof of a negative COVID-19 test (a PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel or an antigen test taken within 24 hours of travel) upon arrival to be allowed into Vietnam. Visitors must still monitor their own health during the first 10 days of their stay, and notify local health authorities if they come down with symptoms that could be related to COVID-19.
Vietnam’s decision to reopen comes at a time when its reported COVID-19 cases are falling after record highs in March.
Check with the Vietnam Embassy in the U.S. for additional information.
Australia had remained closed to most foreign visitors for the past two years, although that changed on Feb. 21, when the country finally reopened to fully vaccinated international visitors.
All international arrivals in Australia need to apply for an electronic visa and must be fully vaccinated, but as of April 17, a pre-travel negative COVID-19 test is no longer required. The other big news is that Australia also reopened to cruise ships on that date.
Fully vaccinated visitors are still required to complete an Australia Travel Declaration before departure, which includes a declaration regarding their vaccination status. They will also be asked to upload their vaccination certificate.
Unvaccinated travelers who qualify for a travel exemption application will be required to quarantine at a hotel.
Details for both vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers can be found here. Note: Australian states are responsible for determining if quarantine is required for specific travelers, so check regulations for the states you plan to visit.
Check the U.S. Embassy in Australia website for updates as well.
Qantas has resumed international flights between Sydney and Los Angeles, London and other cities. American, Delta and United are also offering flights from the U.S. to Australia.
The Islands of Tahiti on Aug. 13, 2021, restricted quarantine-free tourism to fully vaccinated visitors from certain countries, including the United States.
To travel to French Polynesia without having a compelling reason to visit, travelers must be fully vaccinated (with a booster shot if their last dose was more than nine months before their travel date) and submit a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of boarding or an antigen test taken within 48 hours prior to departure.
Travelers must also complete and print an online sworn statement and bring proof of vaccination to the islands. Unvaccinated children age 12 and under can enter when accompanied by a vaccinated parent or legal guardian, but minors over age 12 who are unvaccinated must have a compelling reason to visit and receive approval.
Unvaccinated travelers from the U.S. can enter French Polynesia, but they must present a compelling reason to travel that is approved by the Tahitian government, specifically related to health, business or family. They must follow all the same procedures as vaccinated travelers, but also must undergo a recommended self-isolate for seven days.
Mandatory mask-wearing was lifted as of March 14, but is still required on public transportation. Travelers exhibiting symptoms during their stay were told to self-report and self-isolate in their room until further instruction from local emergency operators.
If you’re itching to travel to French Polynesia, there are lots of options for getting there. Be sure to check out our guide on the best ways to get to Tahiti using points and miles. The destination is home to some famous hotels, such as the Conrad Bora Bora Nui and the Hilton Moorea Lagoon Resort & Spa.
Fiji began allowing fully vaccinated travelers from select countries, including the United States, for tourism as of Dec. 1, 2021, after having been in strict lockdown since March 2020, with no tourism allowed for more than 18 months. Fiji then reopened to fully vaccinated travelers from all countries on April 7.
To enter Fiji, fully vaccinated travelers age 16 and older — Fiji currently accepts AstraZeneca, Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson and Johnson, Nuvaxovid (Novavax), Coronavac (Sinovac), Covishield, BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm), Covaxin and Sputnik V.— and their accompanying minors age 12 and older need to present proof of full vaccination , but pre-departure COVID-19 tests requirements have been lifted. Children under age 16, when accompanied by a vaccinated adult, do not need to be vaccinated and children 11 and younger are exempt from testing.
As of April 7, travelers age 12 and older must pre-book a rapid antigen test to be conducted within 48-72 hours after arrival at their hotel or a nearby testing facility. They also need to have travel health insurance valid for COVID-19 in Fiji.
Check for updates here and visit the U.S. Embassy in Fiji website for additional information. The U.S. State Department’s advisory for Fiji is Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions and the CDC’s advisory is Level 3: High Level of COVID-19.
Americans who are fully vaccinated are once again allowed to visit New Zealand as of May 2.
The country was praised for its early and tough restrictions that kept cases of coronavirus low. In fact, New Zealand was hailed as one of the shining stars of dealing with COVID-19 — however, after almost two years of restrictions and lockdowns, cases reached record highs in February and early March of this year.
The government in early February announced a five-step reopening plan that began with fully vaccinated New Zealand citizens living in Australia being allowed to return home as of Feb. 27 and isolate for 10 days at home. New Zealand citizens living in all other countries followed on March 4.
Step 4, which was set to take place sometime in July, was changed to May 1 at 11:59 p.m. (so effectively May 2), when all visitors who can normally travel visa-free to New Zealand (which includes Americans) can enter for tourism. All foreign travelers age 17 and older need to be fully vaccinated. Details can be found here.
Anyone allowed to travel to New Zealand must obtain a New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority, complete a New Zealand Traveler Declaration, provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken 48 hours prior to departure or a rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours of departure, but will no longer be required to self-isolate upon arrival. Instead they will need to take two rapid antigen tests (which will be provided) on days 0/1 and 5/6 after arrival.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Bahrain, U.S. travelers have been permitted to receive a visa upon arrival and enter Bahrain since Sept. 4, 2020. As of Feb. 20, Bahrain no longer requires pre-travel testing or testing upon arrival, no matter a traveler’s vaccination status. However, travelers must download the BeAware Bahrain app in advance of travel.
Face masks are now optional in all indoor public spaces and indoor dining has returned to full capacity.
Americans have been able to visit Israel if fully vaccinated, and as of March 1, even unvaccinated travelers can enter the country.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Israel, as of March 1, unvaccinated travelers may enter Israel by following the same protocols as vaccinated travelers. All arriving passengers must fill out an inbound passenger statement within 48 hours of their flight’s departure and have medical insurance valid in Israel. Everyone over the age of 2 traveling to Israel on a visitor’s visa (b/2) must also present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight’s departure or (as of May 10), a negative authorized rapid antigen test taken within 24 hours.
Through May 19, all arriving travelers will also be PCR tested (at their own expense) upon arrival and must undergo isolation for 24 hours until receiving a negative result. The arrival test will be dropped as of May 20.
Information on all requirements for foreign nationals entering Israel are available here.
Israel’s Ministry of Health updated its COVID-19 restrictions, which include the requirement to wear a protective mask over the nose and mouth in public.
Jordan is open to Americans, according to the U.S. Embassy in Jordan. All arriving passengers must register online before the flight, but pre-travel and arrival COVID-19 test requirements were dropped as of March 1, 2022. All travelers must, however, have travel health insurance valid in Jordan and must complete their online Gateway2Jordan registration to receive a QR code to be presented upon boarding their flight.
Americans can once again travel to Kuwait without the need to test or quarantine, according to the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait.Travelers seeking to enter will only be permitted in with either a valid visa or a residency permit. Electronic visas (eVisas) are available for U.S. citizens on the MOI website.
According to the U.S. Embassy, proof of vaccination is no longer required to enter.
As of March 28, registration on the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) PASS platform has been canceled and travelers no longer need to show their enrollment before being permitted to board a flight bound for Lebanon.
As of March 1, 2022, fully vaccinated passengers who received their last dose of a COVID vaccine (or a booster shot) within the past six months are exempt from performing a PCR test or rapid antigen test in their country of departure and from being tested upon arrival at Beirut’s airport.
All unvaccinated travelers to Lebanon over the age of 12 must present a negative PCR or rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours of boarding their flight to enter the country, per the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon. All unvaccinated passengers, except those under the age of 12, are also now required to take a PCR test upon arrival at Beirut Airport and refrain from going out in public for 24 hours until receiving a negative result.
Masks are no longer mandated by the government, but individual businesses and establishments may have their own requirements.
International flights to Oman have resumed and Americans who have received a full course of vaccine (those age 17 and younger are exempt) can visit without pre-travel or post-arrival testing, according to the U.S. Embassy in Oman. The Sultanate is currently accepting the following approved vaccines: Oxford-AstraZeneca, AstraZeneca-Covshield, Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson, Sinovac, Sinopharm, Sputnik V, Novovax, CanSinoBio, Covaxin and Sputnik Lite.
The Royal Oman Police resumed all visa operations and services on Sept. 1, 2021. All travelers are also required to have travel health insurance that is valid in Oman and covers the cost of COVID-19 treatment for at least a month.
Qatar is welcoming foreign tourists, but they need to have proof of being fully vaccinated (if age 12 or older) or recovered from COVID-19 to avoid a five-day quarantine. According to the U.S. Embassy in Qatar, entry requirements, including quarantine, are based on the MOPH standard and red list of countries. The U.S. is currently on the standard list. Details can be found here.
U.S. travelers are allowed to enter Qatar. All travelers must register prior to travel, download the Ehteraz mobile app, upload their vaccination certificate if vaccinated as well as produce a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of travel. Those who are fully vaccinated (14 days past final dose but within nine months) with an approved vaccine (Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson or Astra-Zeneca) are now exempt from quarantine.
Unvaccinated or partially vaccinated U.S. travelers must do all of the above (register and undergo a pre-travel PCR test within 48 hours of travel), and then undergo home quarantine or quarantine in a hotel booked via the Discover Qatar website for five days and take a rapid antigen test on day 5 to end quarantine.
U.S. citizens also need a visa to enter Qatar.
Details on entry requirements are available on Qatar’s Ministry of Public Health website.
Fully vaccinated and boosted Americans can travel to Saudi Arabia, and as of March 5, 2022, the country has removed all COVID-19-related testing and quarantine restrictions. According to the U.S. Embassy in Saudi Arabia, fully vaccinated travelers to the Kingdom are:
- no longer required to provide a PCR or rapid antigen test upon arrival
- no longer required to undergo any mandatory COVID-19 quarantine upon arrival
According to the U.S. Embassy, all persons in Saudi Arabia still need to show proof of vaccination via the Tawakkalna app by a Ministry of Health-approved vaccine (Pfizer, Moderna, Oxford AstraZeneca, Johnson and Johnson, Sinopharm, Sinovac, Covaxin, Sputnik and Covovax) to enter all government and private establishments, as well for public transportation and domestic air travel. All travelers must also obtain a visa and have health insurance valid in Saudi Arabia.
As of Feb. 1, to enter all public spaces in Saudi Arabia, a booster dose is required for anyone age 18 or older who completed vaccination at least eight months ago.
Outdoor mask and social distancing mandates have also been lifted; however, mask wearing is still required indoors.
United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates is open to tourism and Americans are welcome — without the need to test or quarantine if fully vaccinated.
As of Feb. 26, the UAE no longer requires PCR tests for fully vaccinated or recovered visitors. The country posted the new relaxed guidelines on the National Emergency, Crisis and Disasters Management Authority website. The new policy says vaccinated passengers only need to show a vaccine certificate with an approved QR code. The CDC vaccination card issued in the U.S. does not have a QR code, so a negative test is still required unless the traveler can provide a vaccine certificate with a QR code.
Unvaccinated travelers can enter the UAE, but they “have to present an approved negative PCR test result received within 48 hours of departure or a QR code-accompanied certificate of recovery from a COVID-19 infection obtained within one month from the date of travel.”
For complete information on traveling to Dubai, check the Emirates website.
Tourist visas (required for U.S. travelers) are being issued in all emirates. In Abu Dhabi, travelers must download the Al Hosn app to streamline the vaccination and testing process and to access most public places and attractions. Visitors must get a negative PCR test result every 14 days to keep the Green Pass active. Details are available here.
The U.S. State Department has maintained a Level 4: Do Not Travel advisory on Yemen for some time, even before COVID-19 became a threat, due to issues with terrorism, civil unrest, health risks, kidnapping, armed conflict and landmines. The embassy in Sanaa suspended operations in early 2015, and U.S. citizens in Yemen will not be able to rely on emergency services from the U.S. government.
All travelers entering on U.S. documents are required to have a visa from the Yemeni government before entering the country, and passports must have an additional six months’ validity from the date of departure.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Botswana, fully vaccinated Americans are permitted to enter without testing; those who are not vaccinated must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival.
Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo reopened its borders in August 2020. It is perhaps best known for Virunga National Park, which reopened on April 1, 2021, and for being home to the mountain gorilla.
According to the U.S. Embassy, fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to submit to an arrival COVID-19 test to enter the DRC, provided they have proof of vaccination and a negative pre-travel COVID-19 PCR test taken within three days of travel. A negative PCR test is still required to depart the DRC, regardless of vaccination status.
All unvaccinated international travelers age 11 and older must arrive with proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of their departure to the DRC. Upon arrival, unvaccinated travelers age 11 and older must take a second COVID-19 test at the airport. Travelers should register their information and pay for the test ($45) at inrbcovid.com before they begin their travel. Arriving passengers must self-quarantine until they receive a negative test result, usually within 24 hours.
Americans need a visa to visit as well as a WHO card with proof of yellow fever vaccination and proof of health and medical evacuation insurance valid in the DRC. Unvaccinated travelers may also need to present proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within seven days for travel between certain provinces.
Masks are required in public indoor and outdoor spaces.
To exit the DRC, all travelers age 11 and older, no matter their vaccination status, must pay for and present a negative COVID-19 test from an approved lab taken within three days of travel ($30), but to reenter the U.S., the test now needs to be taken within one day of travel.
International tourism resumed in Egypt in July 2020 and the country is now open for Americans. The U.S. State Department recently lowered its warning to a Level 3: Reconsider Travel advisory and the CDC’s advisory for the country is Level Unknown. There are also some important things to know before you go.
Related: Egypt reopening
Americans will need a tourist visa, available on arrival or before arrival via online enrollment. There are no quarantine requirements, although you will need proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test with a QR code. According to the U.S. Embassy in Egypt, travelers over the age of 6, including Egyptians, must present results of tests taken within 72 hours prior to departure for Egypt, but passengers traveling from Japan, China, Thailand, North America, South America, Canada, London, Paris and Frankfurt will be allowed to provide a certificate of a test performed at a maximum of 96 hours prior to departure. You also have to have the physical (printed/paper) test results. No digital documents are being accepted. Proof of health insurance valid in Egypt is also required.
The U.S. Embassy website also notes that it is reported that the government of Egypt will also allow travelers to enter with proof of a WHO-approved COVID-19 vaccination instead of a negative test. However, the vaccination certificate must comply with the rules of the issuing country and contain a QR code. Note: Most U.S. vaccination cards, including those issued by the CDC, do not include the QR code required by the government of Egypt and, as a result, most U.S. vaccination cards are not accepted by Egyptian authorities.
Anyone not following mask requirements may be subject to fines or prosecution and restaurants are operating at 70% capacity.
Related: Dreaming of visiting Egypt
Ghana’s Accra Kotoka International Airport (ACC) reopened for regular international service on Sept. 1, 2020, and the country’s land and sea borders reopened on March 28. According to the U.S. Embassy in Ghana, Americans are allowed to enter the country and all passengers arriving by air must be fully vaccinated (if age 18 or older) and fully vaccinated travelers no longer need to present a negative pre-travel COVID-19 test.
The embassy notes: “All persons 18 years old and above arriving in Ghana will be required to provide evidence of full vaccination for a COVID-19 vaccine. Citizens of Ghana and foreign residents who are not fully vaccinated, will, however, need to provide a negative PCR test result no more than 48-hours old, will undergo an antigen test upon arrival in Ghana, and will be offered vaccination upon arrival. Ghana’s Foreign Missions have been instructed to make vaccination a requirement for visa acquisition.”
Ghana’s Ministry of Public Health has ended its mandate for the use of face masks in public, but social distancing and good hand hygiene are still recommended.
Kenya reopened to tourism on Aug. 1, 2020, and Americans are currently welcome to visit. All visitors need to obtain an e-visa, fill out a mandatory online health form (to obtain a QR code for scanning upon arrival) and have a valid vaccination certificate, or if unvaccinated (and over age 5), proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure for Kenya, according to the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. Both vaccination and test results documents must be uploaded prior to travel into the Global Haven portal. Passengers also face a health screening on arrival and must take a rapid antigen test ($30).
Americans are currently exempt from quarantine requirements. Entry requirements can be found here.
The Kenya Ministry of Health launched the Trusted Travel Initiative; at this time, the QR code is for arriving passengers and the TT code is for those departing. Travelers can get the TT code with their test results from an accredited lab at any major hospital. Everyone departing Kenya needs to present a negative result of a COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure (but the time frame to enter the U.S. is now a test taken within one day).
Face masks are no longer mandatory in public, but are recommended for indoor functions.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Malawi, Americans are allowed to enter and as of Dec. 6, 2021, the government of Malawi requires a visa and a negative PCR COVID-19 test no older than 72 hours on the day of arrival or departure to both enter and exit the country.
According to the Malawi Tourist Board, the presidential task force announced the additional need (as of Dec. 10, 2021) for all travelers to show a valid electronic COVID-19 full vaccination certificate at the point of entry. (Those unable to show a certificate will be expected to access the COVID-19 vaccine made available for free. Anyone refusing the vaccine will undergo institutional quarantine for 10 days at their cost.)
Details are also available on the Malawi Tourism website.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Mauritius, the island nation dropped its pre-travel testing requirement as of March 12 — but there are different rules for vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers.
Fully vaccinated visitors must have health insurance that covers COVID-19 and are able to explore the island freely but must take a test upon arrival at their hotel.
Unvaccinated guests must also have health insurance, but they must self-isolate at the accommodation of their choice for seven days, with a test upon arrival and an antigen test on day seven, after which they can explore the island on day eight.
Details of travel requirements and travel alerts for Mauritius can be found here.
Morocco reopened again to foreign visitors on Feb. 7 after the country’s Foreign Ministry announced a ban on all air travel to the country beginning Nov. 29, 2021, in response to the spread of the omicron variant of the COVID-19 virus.
Entry requirements include:
- A vaccination certificate or pass for anyone age 12 and older (the CDC card is accepted).
- Proof of a negative PCR test taken within 48 hours of the date of entry (children age 6 and under are exempt).
- Completion of a health form.
- A rapid antigen test upon arrival for random passengers.
The Moroccan government requires proof of vaccination to enter most private and public establishments, including hotels, restaurants, cafes, gyms, hammams, grocery stores and public modes of transportation. According to the U.S. Embassy in Morocco, “If vaccinated in Morocco, U.S. citizens should carry the vaccine pass (“pass vaccinal”) issued by the Moroccan government and available at the Ministry of Health vaccination website. If vaccinated in the United States, we recommend U.S. citizens carry their white CDC card as proof of vaccination.”
Flights were allowed to resume on Feb. 7 to and from Morocco on Royal Air Maroc, between New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport and Washington, D.C.’s Dulles International Airport (IAD) and Casablanca’s Mohammed V Airport (CMN). Masks are mandatory in flight and in all public spaces.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Mozambique, the following applies to U.S. citizens who want to enter Mozambique:
- Non-Mozambican citizens, including U.S. citizens, who have a valid DIRE (residence permit) and/or required visa(s) are able to enter Mozambique, subject to the COVID-19 testing requirement below, without seeking specific authorization from the Ministry of Interior.
- Travelers arriving for tourism purposes only can get visas upon arrival with proof of a return ticket and hotel booking. Please be aware that U.S. citizens have been denied entry for not having obtained the proper type of visa in advance. Obtaining your visa in advance from the Mozambican Embassy in Washington, D.C., is strongly encouraged.
- Business travelers who are non-Mozambican citizens and who do not have a valid DIRE and/or visa(s) and are traveling for work or business purposes are required to seek authorization to enter Mozambique from the Ministry of Interior.
Travelers who are able to enter Mozambique are required to provide proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test results administered in their country of origin within 72 hours of departure. Children up to age 10 are exempt from this requirement. Travelers should expect health screenings upon arrival and there are many regulations and restrictions in effect for commercial business and gatherings.
Namibia has been open for tourism since Sept. 1, 2020. Tourists, including Americans, are allowed to fly to Hosea Kutako International Airport (WDH). Only Katima Mulilo, Ariamsvlei and Noordoewer border posts and Walvis Bay Harbour can be used for tourist entries by land and sea.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Namibia, travelers who can provide proof upon entry of being fully vaccinated do not need a pre-arrival test. Travelers without proof of vaccination must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of arrival. All visitors must fill out a health questionnaire.
According to the U.S. Embassy, as of Dec. 1, 2021, only COVID-19 test certificates obtained from providers participating in the Trusted Travel platform or verified on the Global Haven system will be valid for entry into and exit from Namibia. To supplement your certificate(s), the U.S. Embassy strongly recommends travelers also bring paper copies of all COVID-19 test results to the airport or port of departure.
Nigeria reopened its airports on July 8, 2020, after months of closure. Abuja, Lagos, Kano, Port Harcourt, Owerri and Maiduguri airports all reopened for domestic flights in July 2020, and international flights resumed in August 2020.
All tourists are again welcome, including Americans. According to the U.S. Embassy in Nigeria, arriving international passengers age 10 and older must have proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 48 hours of departure on the first leg of their journey or proof of being fully vaccinated. A quarantine protocol issued in September requires all international visitors to register via the Nigeria International Travel Portal and upload test results or vaccine certificates prior to travel.
In addition to being fully vaccinated or providing the negative COVID-19 PCR test result, all passengers are required to take an additional COVID-19 PCR test on day two after arrival (and they must register and pay for it beforehand to obtain a QR code).
Unvaccinated and partially vaccinated inbound passengers are still required to observe a mandatory seven-day self-isolation in addition to taking a COVID-19 PCR test on days two and seven after arrival.
Arrival testing details can be found here.
Republic of the Congo
The Republic of the Congo, located in Central Africa between Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is allowing U.S. travelers to visit. According to the U.S. Embassy in the Republic of the Congo, all arriving passengers must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test (check with your airline for the time frame) and undergo a health screening upon arrival.
Rwanda is open to American tourists. The country had been doing a relatively good job controlling the coronavirus outbreak since reopening to commercial flights on Aug. 1, 2020, but cases hit record highs last summer and began to surge again in early January before declining (see details on the Johns Hopkins University website).
Related: Visiting Rwanda during COVID-19
According to the U.S. Embassy in Rwanda, all arriving passengers are required to fill out a passenger locator form and upload a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen result taken within 72 hours (three days) of departure for Rwanda (children under 5 are exempt from testing). All travelers are also subject to PCR and antigen testing upon arrival (at a cost of $65), per the instructions on Rwanda Biomedical Centre’s website.
Rwanda is offering visas on arrival as well for all nationalities.
All major national parks in the country are open, but according to VisitRwanda.com, tourists to Rwanda’s national parks are now required to complete a guest registration and indemnity form in advance of their visit and submit the form electronically to the park. Testing is required within 72 hours for stays in accommodations nationwide.
Travelers departing Rwanda must also test negative with a PCR test within 72 hours of departure for home (but the U.S. now requires a negative test result within one day of travel, so U.S travelers might need to get both a PCR test to depart and a rapid antigen test to satisfy U.S. requirements).
Face masks are required nationwide in public spaces.
International flights have resumed to Senegal, but most land borders remain closed, according to the U.S. Embassy.
Senegal requires travelers over the age of 2 to present either a COVID-19 vaccination certificate with a QR code (which the white CDC card doesn’t have) showing that they were fully vaccinated with the AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer, Covishield, Sinovac or Sinopharm vaccine at least 14 days before departure or the original certificate of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of departure for Senegal and issued in English or French. The West African country also requires all arrivals to submit a passenger locator form. Arriving passengers face health screenings.
A mandatory mask order remains in effect in certain public spaces.
The Seychelles, which had gone to extremes to protect itself from coronavirus, began welcoming vaccinated Americans in February 2021. As of March 25, 2021, unvaccinated U.S. travelers can visit. The latest travel advisory is here.
All visitors require travel authorization via the online portal and must present valid travel and health insurance that covers, at a minimum, COVID-19-related isolation, quarantine and clinical care.
Fully vaccinated travelers (a booster dose is required for those age 18 and older if the second dose was more than six months prior) and those who have proof of having tested positive in the past two to 12 weeks no longer need to present proof of a negative pre-travel test to enter. Those who are unvaccinated must present a negative result of a COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of their flight and upload the test results to the online portal.
Visitors may only stay at licensed establishments or liveaboards that have been certified by the Public Health Authority.
All travelers to Sierra Leone are required to register online to receive a Sierra Leone Incoming number, according to the U.S. Embassy in Sierra Leone.
As of April 13, a pre-travel COVID-19 test or a test upon arrival is no longer required for travelers who are fully vaccinated.
Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated travelers no longer have to present proof of a negative pre-test, but will be tested upon arrival and must pay the fee online when registering for their Sierra Leone Incoming number.
Proof of yellow fever vaccination is also required.
When departing Sierra Leone, an Outbound number and a negative test taken within 48-72 hours of departure is also required.
South Africa reopened to tourism on Oct. 1, 2020, and as of Nov. 11, 2020, U.S. citizens can enter for tourism purposes, according to the U.S Embassy in South Africa. They need to present proof of a valid vaccination certificate or, if unvaccinated, a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours from the time of departure or a n approved negative antigen test taken within 48 hours of departure (children under 5 are exempt). All arriving travelers must also fill out a health questionnaire.
Cases in South Africa have now surpassed 3.8 million. The country has been on adjusted alert Level 1 since Oct. 1, 2021, allowing most normal activity to resume, although masks are required in public spaces. After peaking the week of Dec. 12-16, omicron cases quickly declined.
Fully vaccinated travelers with a vaccination certificate containing a QR code (the CDC card does not have one) are no longer required to present proof of a negative pre-travel test, but Tanzania currently requires all other travelers to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result containing a QR code and taken within 72 hours of their flight to Tanzania or Zanzibar and to complete an online Health Surveillance Form within 24 hours prior to arrival to receive a unique health code.
Travelers will undergo screening upon arrival and passengers from countries with high levels of COVID-19 will also be required to take a rapid test ($10; $25 in Zanzibar) upon arrival in Tanzania.
U.S. tourists need a visa to visit Tanzania. See details here.
Related: Dreaming of Tanzania
Americans can currently travel to Uganda, known as one of the top destinations for gorilla trekking. The country’s national parks reopened to tourists in October 2020.
According to the U.S. Embassy, arriving passengers must have a visa applied for online and approved by the Ugandan government as well as proof of full vaccination or a negative PCR COVID-19 test from an accredited laboratory in the country of origin taken not more than 72 hours before boarding their flight for Uganda. Carrying paper copies of both vaccine certificates and test results is required.
The U.S. Embassy also notes that the government of Uganda requires that all departing passengers present proof of a negative PCR COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of departure. This requirement is mandatory for all departing passengers out of Uganda even if the destination country does not require it. But the U.S. does, although it is now mandated to be an antigen or PCR test taken within one day of travel.
Zambia, home to Victoria Falls and known as a top safari destination, is open to international travelers, including Americans.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Zambia, the country requires proof of full vaccination or a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours of travel. Tourists also need a visa (apply online for an e-visa here). There are health screenings upon arrival and symptomatic individuals may be required to submit to testing and/or self-isolation.
Zimbabwe reopened its borders to international flights on Oct. 1, 2020, and Americans can visit for tourism. All travelers are required to have either a valid vaccination certificate or proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test issued by a recognized facility and taken within 48 hours of their time of departure for Zimbabwe. Details are here.
A yellow fever vaccination is also required, according to the U.S. Embassy in Zimbabwe.
Travelers departing Zimbabwe are also required to test negative within 48 hours of departure. Note, however, that the U.S. now requires a test taken within one day of departure to reenter the U.S.
Currently, there is a curfew from midnight to 5:30 a.m.
Additional reporting by Katherine Fan, Jordyn Fields, Jane Frye, Jacob Harrison, Donna Heiderstadt, Liz Hund, Brian Kim, Stella Shon, Caroline Tanner and Mimi Wright.
Featured photo by wilar/Shutterstock.
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