Coronavirus forces cruise ships to drop anchor in surprising places around the world
It isn't every day you see a Norwegian Cruise Line vessel pulling into Jacksonville, Florida. Or even every year.
But that was the unusual sight on display for residents on Sunday. The 2,002-passenger Norwegian Sky sailed past Jacksonville's Fort Caroline on its way to the city's Talleyrand Marine Terminal. The ship was arriving empty, displaced from its normal home in Miami due to a shortage of berthing locations as cruise lines suspend operations out of the world's largest cruise hub.
Two more Miami-based Norwegian vessels -- Norwegian Pearl and Norwegian Gem -- are likely on the way to Jacksonville, too. Normally, the city is home to just one cruise vessel, the 2,056-passenger Carnival Ecstasy. That ship already is tied up in Jacksonville.
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Jacksonville isn't the only port city seeing a sudden influx of cruise vessels. The suspension of cruise operations around the globe due to the outbreak of the new coronavirus has set off a scramble among cruise lines to find places to park all their ships.
Cruise giant Carnival -- the world's biggest cruise line by number of vessels -- has sent two of its Florida-based ships to Freeport in the Bahamas. Two more Carnival vessels that normally are based in New Orleans and Galveston, Texas, will be spending the coming weeks tied up in Gulfport, Mississippi.
One Miami-based Carnival ship, the 2,056-passenger Carnival Sensation, arrived in the city on Saturday to unload passengers and then returned to sea on Sunday to make room for other vessels. It returned to Miami on Monday.
Other ships are docking or anchoring at the private islands owned by their parent companies.
Related: Some ships stranded at sea as ports shut down due to coronavirus
"Given that there isn't enough space in some ports for all of the ships, we're docking them at other ports during our voluntary pause in operations," said Carnival spokesperson Vance Gulliksen. "We're using a combination of ports in the U.S. and Bahamas as well as anchoring some ships at sea."
Speaking with The Points Guy, Gulliksen had praise for the way ports were stepping up to help the cruise industry.
"We wish to thank our port partners for their support and assistance during this unprecedented time of challenge in our industry," he said.
Where ships are ending up
Many ships will be able to dock in their normal home ports for the coming weeks. Carnival, for instance, says that more than half of its 27 vessels will be in their regular ports for the time being. The list includes the Baltimore-based Carnival Pride; Charleston, South Carolina-based Carnival Sunshine; Fort Lauderdale-based Carnival Sunrise; and Galveston, Texas-based Carnival Dream.
But in the busiest cruise hubs, such as PortMiami and Fort Lauderdale's Port Everglades, there simply isn't room for every vessel that needs to dock.
The situation is playing out on a day-by-day basis as ships trickle back into such hubs as PortMiami to unload passengers who were on board when lines began announcing temporary shutdowns. Often, the vessels can't stay long. They must head back out to sea to make room for other arriving ships.
Related: Alaska cruise season could be postponed as Canada bans big ships
As of this weekend, there still were 40 cruise ships that operate out of U.S. ports still at sea, according to the Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), the main trade group for the cruise industry. Of those, 11 were due to return to port on Monday. The rest will end their current voyages over the coming days.
CLIA members, which include almost all major lines, operate 272 vessels around the world.
Most cruise lines have announced a suspension of service lasting at least 30 days. Some lines have announced longer suspensions of up to 60 days.
The various places where their ships are spending the hiatus:
Many ships are tying up at the ports out of which they normally operate.
That'll be the case for many Royal Caribbean and Celebrity Cruises ships, for instance, according to Jonathon Fishman, a spokesperson for the parent company of the two lines.
"Ships will return to their home ports," Fishman told The Points Guy. "Of course, this is a fluid situation and adjustments will have to be made."
The situation is leading to some unusual sights at big cruise ports such as PortMiami, where vessels are now in abundance even as port operations quiet down.
"Surreal to see about 10 empty cruise ships docked at the usually bustling port," Canadian television journalist Jeremy Cohn wrote Monday on Twitter from Miami.
Ships docked at PortMiami on Tuesday included Scarlet Lady, the first vessel from start-up line Virgin Voyages. Its inaugural voyage has been pushed back to August.
MSC Cruises' MSC Meraviglia and MSC Armonia; Viking's Viking Sky; Carnival's Carnival Horizon and Carnival Fascination; Norwegian's Norwegian Encore; and Royal Caribbean's Freedom of the Seas also were docked at PortMiami on Tuesday, according to ship tracking site CruiseMapper. MSC Seaside was anchored just off shore.
No ships had been scheduled to be at PortMiami on Tuesday.
For the most part, ships returning to their home ports are relatively close to their home ports. But a few vessels will be making unfathomably long journeys to reach their homes.
The U.K.-based Cunard Line on Monday announced its flagship Queen Mary 2 and Queen Victoria would return to their home port of Southampton, U.K. from Australia and the Caribbean, respectively. Both were in the midst of world voyages that had been scheduled to last more than 100 days.
Cunard said passengers on the two ships would remain on board for the long journeys home.
"For those who remain on board Queen Mary 2 and Queen Victoria, we will continue to take every care of you and ensure your voyage back to Southampton is thoroughly enjoyable," Cunard president Simon Palethorpe said in a video message.
Visit TPG’s guide to all coronavirus news and updates
Secondary port cities that have extra dock space and aren't far from the big cruise hubs are getting some of their overflow. In the U.S., that means places like Jacksonville, Florida, which is taking in ships that normally would dock at PortMiami. Across the globe in Australia, it means places like Port Kembla, which is just down the coast from cruise hub Sydney.
Royal Caribbean's Radiance of the Seas already is docked at Port Kembla, and officials in the city have said they have 11 berths available to take in displaced vessels.
“We are committed to doing our part to support our fellow Florida ports and our partners in the cruise industry during this time,” Eric Green, the CEO of the port for Jacksonville, known as JaxPort, said about the port's assistance for displaced ships.
Other secondary ports in the U.S. that are getting cruise ships include Gulfport, Mississippi. In addition to the two Carnival ships that will dock in Gulfport, a Royal Caribbean vessel -- Majesty of the Seas -- likely will anchor off shore.
Wherever they happen to be
Not every cruise ship has a regular home port. Some spend a good chunk of their time traveling from place to place around the globe. That means that, on any given week, these vessels can be just about anywhere -- from the Caribbean to Europe or Asia.
For ships like that, lines generally are just parking them in whatever port happens to be nearby -- at least for now.
"The O-ships will all remain in their current locations for the immediate time being," Oceania Cruises spokesperson Tim Rubacky told The Points Guy, using the line's nickname for its six upscale, globetrotting vessels.
Specifically, for Oceania, home for now will be Miami for the line's Riviera and Sirena. The Regatta, Insignia and Nautica are sitting things out in Papeete, Tahiti; Rio de Janeiro; and Dubai, respectively, Rubacky said.
Only the location for the line's Marina still is being worked out, Rubacky said.
As of Tuesday, several vessels were anchored in various locations around the world.
Two Holland America ships, Nieuw Statendam and Nieuw Amsterdam, were anchored in Bahamian waters as were two Princess ships, Regal Princess and Sky Princess, and Royal Caribbean's Independence of the Seas, according to CruiseMapper.
Two Celebrity Cruises ships, Celebrity Edge and Celebrity Equinox, appeared to be anchored off the coast of Grand Bahama Island.
Carnival said its Galveston, Texas-based Carnival Vista and Long Beach, California-based Carnival Imagination both will remain at anchor near their home ports.
At private islands
Three of the world's biggest ships, Royal Caribbean's Harmony of the Seas, Oasis of the Seas and Symphony of the Seas, are at anchor not far from Royal Caribbean's Perfect Day at CocoCay, according to CruiseMapper.
The cruise ships that have stopped operating in recent days or will stop sailing in the coming days will be spread out across ports and anchorages across the globe. No one port will see an unusually large number of vessels. But many ports will see ships that they don't normally see.
Additional resources for traveling during the coronavirus outbreak:
- Can I cancel or postpone my cruise due to coronavirus?
- Should I travel? Advice for the coronavirus outbreak
- Airlines scale back inflight offerings due to coronavirus
- Hotel change and cancellation policies: What to know
- How to ward off coronavirus in your hotel room
- A guide to travel insurance for cruises
Featured photo by Miami Herald / Contributor/ Getty Images.