Why I packed 8 COVID-19 tests to fly to Portugal — and what it’s like to enter now

Jul 15, 2021

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Travel is back — but it’s largely been driven by trips within the U.S.

International travel has been slower to return, partly due to ever-changing restrictions, lower vaccination rates abroad and the omnipresent threat of new COVID-19 variants.

However, since June 15, Portugal has allowed nonessential travel — including tourism — from the U.S. with proof of a negative COVID-19 test.

I just landed at Lisbon Humberto Delgado Airport (LIS) and, if all goes to plan, will spend the next nine days in the land known for pastel de nata, Piri Piri chicken and port wine (among many other non-food attractions).

But because of the latest travel criteria issued last week, I also packed eight at-home COVID-19 tests to bring along with me.

Let me break down why, including all the COVID-19 measures in Portugal and what you should know about entering the country now.

In This Post

Overview of Portugal’s entry requirements

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

Related: Reopening Europe: When can you visit again? A country-by-country guide.

Unlike other nations requiring proof of vaccination, Portugal is taking a somewhat different approach.

All travelers headed to Portugal must provide proof of a negative nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), such as a PCR test, taken within 72 hours before boarding. Rapid tests are also accepted but must be performed within 48 hours of boarding.

As of July 12, Portuguese authorities will now also accept the EU Digital COVID Certificate, giving Europeans a uniform way to provide proof of full vaccination against COVID-19, negative PCR or antigen tests or recovery from COVID-19.

However, it’s not currently accessible to Americans traveling in Europe, nor has a digital equivalent has been introduced yet in the U.S. That means, even if you’re fully vaccinated, you must still show a negative COVID-19 test to enter Portugal.

Ongoing COVID-19 measures to be aware of

Lisbon, Portugal
Lisbon, Portugal (Photo by Nick Ellis/The Points Guy)

A resurgence of COVID-19 due to the Delta variant has put a damper on a complete reopening. That’s not only the case in Portugal but also across all of Europe.

As of July 15, Portugal has recorded over 916,000 positive cases of the coronavirus and more than 17,000 deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins University tracker. And just over 43% of the population has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19.


With the latest information as of July 12, Portugal will continue a nightly curfew, including restrictions on restaurants, cafes and nightlife. For over 40 municipalities, including popular tourist locales such as Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve, that means establishments must close by 10:30 pm each day.

Related: Portugal reintroduces nightly curfew amid rising COVID-19 cases

Requirements at accommodations

An Airbnb in Portugal (Photo courtesy of Airbnb)

The latest requirement as of last week is the primary reason why I packed eight COVID-19 tests to bring with me.

Across all of Portugal, accommodations — including hotels and Airbnbs — must check for valid COVID-19 criteria before you can check-in. Here’s what that looks like:

  • Within 72 hours of check-in time: Negative PCR test
  • Within 48 hours of check-in time: Rapid antigen test with lab report
  • Within 24 hours of check-in time: Rapid antigen test (must be in the presence of a health or pharmaceutical professional who certifies result)
  • No time requirement:
    • Rapid antigen self-test carried out at the door of the establishment (must be under the supervision of a person in charge of premises)
    • EU Digital COVID Certificate

Children under 12 years old, when accompanied by an adult, are exempt from testing and travel requirements. With all that said, this new ordinance makes things somewhat difficult to change accommodations during a stay in Portugal.

Related: 13 of the most beautiful villages in Portugal

Dining indoors

In addition, these protocols above are also in place for access to meals inside restaurants on certain days and times. For 45 municipalities deemed “high-risk” or “very high-risk,” including the tourist zones of Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve, indoor dining is restricted during the following:

  • Fridays after 7 pm
  • Saturdays and Sundays all-day
  • Public holidays

There are several other restrictions, including bans on large group gatherings and access to public roads between 11 pm and 6 am the following day.

Of course, as with anything pandemic-related, note that requirements are subject to change at any time.

My preparations before arriving

Rapid test prior to boarding

As with most of my travel these days, my trip to Portugal began with a COVID-19 test. This time, I went to CityMD, a popular urgent care clinic in New York.

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

My TAP Air Portugal flight bound for Lisbon departed at 11 pm. I stopped in for a rapid antigen test in the early afternoon of my day of departure. Results were quick and emailed within 20 minutes.

For an added sense of comfort, I also had the clinic print out a paper copy of my negative test results.

Bringing rapid tests to Portugal

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

Next, I headed to CVS to obtain a healthy supply of rapid antigen self-test kits. The reason? In light of the latest rules for accommodations and indoor dining (see above), I wanted to avoid having to look for COVID-19 testing locations while I was abroad, if at all possible.

Keep in mind that any at-home test kits found at your local drug store are not valid for re-entering the U.S. The only at-home test kits that can be purchased for use to enter the U.S. are not only pricier (about $50 per test vs. $13 per test) but only currently available for purchase online.

Since I am staying at five different hotels across nine days — in addition to likely dining indoors — it is likely that I’d require several negative test results throughout my time in Portugal.

I purchased four home test kits, with two nasal swabs per package, and secured them in my suitcase.

Related: What happens if you test positive for COVID-19 and can’t fly back to the US?

At the airport in the U.S.

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

I arrived at Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) about 90 minutes prior to departure. Once at Terminal 2, I found a deserted check-in counter.

While my flight was almost completely full, TAP currently only flies a relatively small aircraft between the New York City area and Lisbon — twice daily on a single-aisle, 168-passenger Airbus A321LR.

The agent took my passport, verified my negative COVID-19 test and handed me my boarding pass — all in a matter of seconds. Under the latest guidelines, I also could have shown an EU Digital Health Certificate to be allowed onboard. However, the agent wasn’t aware of this change.

He was further confused when I asked whether the U.S.’s CDC vaccine card could be used to bypass a negative test result.

Lesson if you want to fly to Portugal now: Bring your negative COVID-19 test result within the allotted time frame, even if you’re fully vaccinated.

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

The rest of the check-in and boarding experience was about par for the course for an international flight.

Experience at the Portuguese border

The flight to Lisbon was aboard one of TAP’s new A321LR’s, a beautiful narrowbody aircraft with the latest onboard entertainment and tech.

I sat in the economy cabin and found the overall experience more than pleasant for the short-ish, overnight seven-hour-and-change haul. At the beginning of the flight, the cabin crew passed out Portuguese entry forms — which could also have been filled out during online check-in.

(Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

Deplaning was via bus gates which included a 20-minute standing-room ride to immigration.

Once at immigration, the queue was long but orderly and divided into two sections — EU passport holders and all other passport holders. All passengers, including those connecting, were required to wait in line.

A 20-25 minute wait ensued before I reached a Portuguese official. Interestingly, the official did not check the negative test result again, nor did they collect the physical copy of the entry form that I filled out on board the flight. 

Immigration at Lisbon. (Photo by Chris Dong/The Points Guy)

After immigration, I collected my checked bag, ordered an espresso and pastel de nata landside and then took a taxi into town.

Related: Traveling to Portugal: 7 things to know before you go

Bottom line

Portugal is currently open for U.S. visitors — as long as you’re willing to undergo multiple COVID-19 tests both for entry as well under certain conditions for accommodations and dining. You’ll also need a test to return to the U.S. too.

While the juice might not be worth the squeeze for some, I’m thrilled to be on my first big international trip in well over a year — and I’m glad my entry was fairly smooth.

Stay tuned for more content, including reviews of three points hotel properties, a road trip itinerary between Lisbon and Porto and a full count of just how many tests I’ll need to take before heading back home to New York.

Featured photo of Lisbon by Sean3810/Getty Images. 

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