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Take a look at the new Alaska Airlines 737 MAX that Boeing is using as a flying laboratory

Aug. 04, 2021
10 min read
Take a look at the new Alaska Airlines 737 MAX that Boeing is using as a flying laboratory
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Research and development is just one part of designing new technology for commercial aircraft. The second part: getting the new product certified.

Planemakers like Embraer, Boeing and Airbus must rigorously test every new thing that they want to use on an airplane before actually carrying passengers. And that's not just big things like new airplane types. Even the more mundane things, like materials for cabin walls and new types of light bulbs, must be thoroughly tested and proved safe.

That's one of the considerations as the airline industry seeks to decarbonize and reduce emissions. Any new technology — from digital pilots books to hydrogen-powered aircraft — must go through intense testing.

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In 2012, Boeing launched a program called "ecoDemonstrator," which takes new airplanes and, before delivering them to airline customers, turns them into flying laboratories to develop, test, fine-tune and certify new technologies and products.

Despite the name, not every project tested is necessarily tied to sustainability, although many are.

Last month, Boeing began flying its eighth ecoDemonstrator jet, a 737 MAX 9 bound for Alaska Airlines. For the next six months, the plane will make flights all around the country testing a variety of tools.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Boeing and Alaska held an event at Washington Regan National Airport (DCA) last week to offer U.S. lawmakers and foreign delegates tours of the aircraft. TPG was also in attendance and had the opportunity to tour the ecoDemonstrator plane.

While the event was hosted by Boeing, Alaska Airlines had a large presence as well. After all, it's their plane — or at least, it will be, once they take delivery in about six months — that's serving as a flying lab.

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Interestingly, Alaska does not have a financial incentive for allowing their future plane to be used for the program.

Instead, it's more about contributing to new tech that Alaska — and the rest of the industry — will benefit from in the long term.

"It's an investment in the R&D and the future of aviation on all of those fronts, some of which will be on an emissions front, and some of which won't be," said Diana Birkett Rakow, Alaska Airlines' vice president of public affairs and sustainability, in an interview with TPG. Birkett Rakow was referring to the projects currently onboard the ecoDemonstrator aircraft, including tech meant to help reduce cabin noise and monitor the atmosphere for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "It's our ability (together with Boeing) to invest in the future technology."

Diana Birkett Rakow, Alaska Airlines' vice president of public affairs and sustainability, delivered remarks at an event on Wednesday, July 28, 2021. (Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

"It's a chance to learn from the technologies, have a voice in it, be able to — if there are technologies that prove particularly valuable, to be able to advocate for those being on future aircraft," she added.

Of course, there's also the marketing benefit, as proven perhaps by the fact that this very article is being written.

But as a team of notorious AvGeeks, we can hardly resist the chance to check out a brand-new airplane — especially one being put to such a unique use.

The tours, led by Boeing engineers on the ecoDemonstrator team, began at the back of the plane. Of the roughly 20 tests on board, we were able to take a close look at five of them.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Stepping aboard the plane, the first impression was of, well, a plane.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

At first glance, it's more or less a normal airplane, though with different seats than you'd normally find on Alaska. These are a more bare-bones variety reminiscent of what you'd find on a low-cost carrier like Ryanair. No moveable headrests, no power ports, little cushioning. But these are just placeholders — they'll be swapped out before the plane enters service with Alaska.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

A second look, though, shows you pretty quickly that this is a bit different than a normal commercial plane, with extension cords and power sources, exposed wiring and temporary workstations set up all over the plane.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)
(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)
(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

The rear of the aircraft looked pretty normal otherwise, but it turns out it's actually the first testing station.

Five panels of the interior sidewall — there are eight total in this section of the plane — were made of recycled carbon fibers, all scrap material from manufacturing at Boeing's factories.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

"There's a sustainability angle there, using recycled materials, but they also have the added benefit of being substantially lighter, easier and quicker to manufacture, and cheaper," said one Boeing engineer, whose name I was unable to note because the tour was fairly crowded. "What we're doing onboard this airplane is measuring interior noise levels to make sure that they at least meet, if not exceed, the noise standards of our existing sidewalls."

It's not the most exciting new development. But given the challenges inherent in reducing emissions in aviation, incremental steps — such as developing a lighter material to use in construction, which consequently reduces fuel burn — are important and can come together to have a more substantial impact.

The same applies to the next test product, a lower-profile LED warning light, which could be found just in front of the center emergency exits.

Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy

It's a test version of the typical anti-collision lights that aircraft have on the top and bottom of the fuselage. For testing purposes, this one was sticking right out of a window.

Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy

And here's what it looked like from the outside — it's the red window with the circular bulb in the middle.

Moving forward from the center emergency exits, any sense that this was a normal passenger airplane disappeared as the rows of seats came to an abrupt stop.

Forward of the exits were two stations — one on each side — with two cockpit-style chairs and two screens at each station.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

These "flight test instrumentation racks," as our guide called them, are where the test engineers sit during flight.

This could include more intense proving or certification flights — during which pilots make fairly extreme maneuvers to test aircraft structures before regulators sign off on them — or more standard test flights, including those the ecoDemonstrator is used for.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

The stations are used to monitor live data parameters in real time, observing cockpit instruments via a camera mounted on the ceiling of the flight deck and ensuring that the engineering team is getting the data needed to validate the onboard test products, according to the Boeing guide.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

There were no more seats throughout the front part of the cabin. Instead, there were a number of cabinets with computers, electronics, sensors and other test gear.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

The next project we looked at was one that Boeing is running in partnership with NOAA.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Sensors mounted in the window measure greenhouse gasses during flight, with the goal of helping NOAA figure out the best way to measure greenhouse gas emissions throughout the planet.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Assuming that the data collected is useful and the sensors are proven to not interfere with flights or cause safety concerns, the agency hopes to add the tech across fleets of commercial airplanes in order to basically crowdsource data in real time from around the world.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

The agency could then use that data to improve climate projections and modeling.

In addition to two sensors at the front of the cabin, there was a third mounted in the rear, and a GoPro stuck to the window to simply record video.

The last test project we had the chance to see was a bit more mundane, and something that non-pilots might be surprised to learn doesn't exist already.

It's a touch-screen control display unit to replace the clunky older versions still used on modern flight decks.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

It gives planemakers the option to incorporate more functions into the unit, replacing physical hardware and reducing weight, which would contribute over time to fuel savings.

As with all technologies, the CDUs must be proven safe before they can be installed on commercial aircraft, which makes the ecoDemonstrator a useful proving platform.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

The ecoDemonstrator is ultimately an interesting project, and an exciting platform for Boeing to test new projects on.

But, even though it flies using mostly sustainable aviation fuel, the plane itself is not a solution to the emissions crisis in aviation.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Commercial aviation contributes 2%-3% of global emissions each year, according to various estimates. However, as other industries decarbonize — and the airline industry rebounds after the pandemic and expands, particularly in emerging markets — that share is expected to grow.

Although aviation is thought to be among the most difficult industries to decarbonize, simply due to the inherent fuel-burning nature of transportation, airlines and planemakers are working to find alternative fuels and ways to cut back on emissions.

(Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy)

Alaska Airlines, for instance, aims to be net-zero emissions by 2040, partly banking on future technology that has not yet become available.

The big question is: Will it be ready in time? And will projects like the ecoDemonstrator be enough?

Featured image by Photo by David Slotnick/The Points Guy
Editorial disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, airline or hotel chain, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

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    The Points Guy Exclusive Offer: Earn 150,000 Membership Rewards® points after you spend $15,000 on eligible purchases with the Business Platinum Card® within the first 3 months of Card Membership.

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  • Annual Fee

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  • Recommended Credit
    Credit ranges are a variation of FICO© Score 8, one of many types of credit scores lenders may use when considering your credit card application.

    670-850
    Good, Excellent

Why We Chose It

It's hard to find a card that competes with the mile-long list of benefits that come with the Amex Business Platinum. While it's certainly not the card for the average consumer, a business owner with tons of expenses -- especially related to travel -- will find this card incredibly valuable. This card is similar to the consumer version that Amex offers, but with more business-oriented perks around statement credits and earning rates that are a better fit for business owners.

Pros

  • An up to $100 credit for Global Entry or TSA PreCheck application fee every four to five years
  • Up to $400 annual credit for eligible U.S. Dell purchases (enrollment required)
  • Gold status at Marriott and Hilton hotels (enrollment required)
  • Access to the Fine Hotels & Resorts program and Hotel Collection
  • Extended warranty protection
  • International Airline Program and Cruise Privileges Program

Cons

  • Steep annual fee
  • Difficulty meeting $15,000 welcome offer for smaller businesses
  • Limited high-bonus categories outside of travel
  • The Points Guy Exclusive Offer: Earn 150,000 Membership Rewards® points after you spend $15,000 on eligible purchases with the Business Platinum Card® within the first 3 months of Card Membership.
  • Get 5X Membership Rewards® points on flights and prepaid hotels on amextravel.com, and 1X points for each dollar you spend on eligible purchases.
  • Earn 1.5X points (that’s an extra half point per dollar) on eligible purchases at US construction material & hardware suppliers, electronic goods retailers and software & cloud system providers, and shipping providers, as well as on purchases of $5,000 or more everywhere else, on up to $2 million of these purchases per calendar year.
  • Unlock over $1,000 in annual statement credits on a curation of business purchases, including select purchases made with Dell Technologies, Indeed, Adobe, and U.S. wireless service providers.
  • $200 Airline Fee Credit: Get up to $200 in statement credits per calendar year for checked baggage fees, lounge day passes, and more at one selected airline.
  • $189 CLEAR® Credit: Use your Card and get up to $189 back per year on your CLEAR® membership. CLEAR® is available at more than 50 U.S. airports and stadiums.
  • The American Express Global Lounge Collection® can provide an escape at the airport. With more than 1,400 airport lounges across 140 countries and counting, you have more lounge location options than any other credit card on the market as of 9/2021.
  • $695 Annual Fee.
  • Terms Apply.