Your guide to responsible credit card use for college students
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As a recent college graduate, I can personally vouch that I was never taught how to manage my finances in my four years of higher education. For lack of a better word, you’re expected to “adult” as soon as you enter the workforce, which makes it imperative to take your financial education into your own hands before you head out into the big, wide world.
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Over the past year, I’ve learned some crucial financial lessons — admittedly, the hard way for some of them. But if you’re still in college, it can actually be the perfect time to get a jump start on building credit.
From move-in to move-out day, you’ll have plenty of expenses throughout your time in school where a credit card can come in handy. Opening and managing your first credit card can be stressful and potentially perilous as you’re granted this newfound purchasing power. However, by learning how to use a credit card responsibly for both one-off and day-to-day purchases, you can build excellent financial habits that will help you for the rest of your life.
Besides establishing credit, your first credit card can help you earn valuable rewards, from cash back to points and miles for future travel. And by the time you graduate from college, you’ll have several years of credit under your belt — necessary for securing apartment leases, car loans and mortgages.
While some of these rules for responsible credit use may seem more obvious than others, we’ll go over all of the do’s and don’ts that will help you build a solid financial future.
Get familiar with the credit card world
There are so many credit cards to choose from that picking your first can be overwhelming. Do some research: It’s important that you select the best card for you and your lifestyle. Just because a friend raves about a card doesn’t mean it’s the right one for you.
TPG is dedicated to helping you make informed decisions, so start with our credit cards beginners guide and check out our wide-ranging credit card reviews. Once you get a rewards credit card, we’ll teach you all of the amazing things you can do once you start earning points and miles.
Starting out, you likely won’t qualify for any premium credit cards. For most college students, you may have a limited income from a part-time job (or possibly no income at all). But there are plenty of cards made exclusively for college students, with no annual fee and will help you start building credit. From restaurants to groceries to gas, a starter college card will reward you for these everyday purchases.
I didn’t know any better, so I opened my first credit card out of pure convenience. Because I already owned a checking and savings account with Wells Fargo, I opened the Wells Fargo Cash Back College Card on my 18th birthday, which offered an abysmal 1% cash-back rate on all my purchases. While this card helped me build credit and opened doors for bigger and better cards down the road, there are other student cards on the market that offer better rewards rates.
The information for the Wells Fargo Cash Back College card has been collected independently by The Points Guy. The card details on this page have not been reviewed or provided by the card issuer.
For students shopping around for their first card, I recommend the Journey Student Rewards from Capital One. It comes with no annual fee and encourages cardholders to build excellent credit habits from the get-go. You’ll earn 1% cash back on everything, but that earning rate gets bumped up to 1.25% if you pay your balance on time (which you should be doing anyway). Plus, you’ll get a $5 monthly credit for the first 12 months on select streaming subscriptions when you pay on time — a nice incentive for a no-annual-fee card.
Manage your own finances
Just as imperative as getting the right card is to establishing your credit, it’s equally important to take control of your finances.
You might already have a checking and a savings account, but if your parents have been the ones managing them thus far, it’s time to ask for your own access. Keeping track of your money and your transactions is key to becoming financially responsible and independent.
The same principle goes for credit cards. If you and your parents decide to start building your credit by adding you as an authorized user on their accounts, ask for account access. Some parents may not feel comfortable giving their child a view into the family finances, but they may want to reconsider. By allowing the authorized user to see where they stand against the card’s credit limit and what they’re earning on their spending, they will be motivated to be smarter with their purchases.
If you, the student, decide to open a credit card of your own, keep track of your spending and stay on top of your bills, as both play a role in calculating your credit score. Set aside a few minutes to check your account several times per week, if not daily. This will help you avoid missed payments and unnecessary charges from interest fees.
Set your own financial goals
Having a specific goal in mind will help keep you on track — and there’s nothing like the satisfaction of successfully reaching a milestone.
Perhaps your goal starting off is to learn the basics of credit and build good credit card habits. In this case, you may not even need to worry about earning rewards if your intention is to simply ease into the credit card world.
But if your goal is to collect enough points to pay for your spring break trip, find out what you’ll need to spend to earn these rewards. You could earn enough points and miles just from your sign-up bonus, which will have a spending threshold you’ll have to meet in the first few months of card membership.
Remember that a credit card is not free money
When you get your first credit card, you have access to more spending power. But this isn’t “free money,” and you’re responsible for paying it all back and in full every month.
If you’re new to the travel rewards world, you’re going to want to get familiar with the 10 commandments for travel-rewards cards. Specifically, commandment number one: Thou shalt pay thy balance in full.
If you don’t and you end up with an unpaid balance, interest will be tacked on. Most travel credit cards carry high interest rates — although a few offer 0% APR for an introductory period — so running up a balance will negate the value of any points or miles you earn. Finally, this bad behavior will take a toll on your credit score, hurting your ability to open cards or obtain a mortgage or other loan in the future.
Getting a credit card in college can be highly rewarding, as debit cards won’t offer you any points and miles. From building your credit to earning points redeemable for travel, the options are practically endless. However, all of this will depend on being a responsible first-time credit user.
Official application link: Capital One Journey Student card
Featured photo by Topalov for Getty Images.
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