Everything you need to know about getting a Real ID
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Editor’s note: This is a recurring post, regularly updated with new information.
If you’ve traveled through a U.S. airport any time in the last few years, you may have noticed signs near the security checkpoint reminding passengers that photo ID requirements at airports are going to change soon due to the Real ID Act. There’s been a lot of confusion about what exactly this law entails, whom it affects and what you need to do about it. So, we’re going to tell you everything you need to know about Real ID to ensure that your travels continue to be as uneventful as possible.
Trump delays Real ID deadline due to coronavirus
While the Real ID Act was supposed to go into full effect on Oct. 1, 2020, Trump recently extended that deadline to promote social distancing policies in the U.S., saying to the press “At a time when we’re asking Americans to maintain social distancing, we do not want to require people to go to their local DMV.” The government has since said the enforcement deadline will be Oct. 1, 2021. Government officials expect to see a huge increase in volume at the Department of Motor Vehicles in the coming months as more than 180 million Americans update their licenses to comply with the Real ID Act.
Related: TPG’s coronavirus hub page
What is the Real ID Act?
In the wake of 9/11, Congress passed the “Real ID Act” to set clearer standards for government-issued photo ID. The law established a uniform set of security standards for driver’s licenses and other government-issued ID cards, and most importantly, prohibits government agencies from accepting identification that does not meet the standards of the Real ID Act. One of the goals was to add an extra layer of security to commercial aviation by making it more difficult for people to obtain false documents and use them to access airplanes.
Government agencies will require more documentation from an individual when issuing Real IDs, and the cards themselves are more advanced and therefore, harder to forge. Because each state currently has different standards and processes for issuing photo ID, the law has taken more than a decade to implement. Several states and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) have pushed back on the law, claiming that it constitutes overreach by the federal government. Nevertheless, Real ID will officially go into effect sometime in the near future, giving you a few more months to make sure you have a compliant Real ID — or have plans to obtain one.
How to tell if you have a compliant Real ID
This law has been on the books for a while now, and many states have started issuing compliant Real IDs well before they’re federally required to do so. This means you might already have a Real ID, but there are a few easy ways you can check. Generally, IDs with a star or star cutout are Real ID compliant
However, if your ID is missing the star or says something to the effect of “federal limits apply” or “not for federal identification,” then you do not have a compliant Real ID.
As of now, every state in the U.S. is issuing compliant IDs, with the exceptions of Oregon, Oklahoma, and New Jersey. Oregon has received an extension through Aug. 7, 2020, and Oklahoma has received one through Sept. 18, 2020, meaning you can continue to use your driver’s license at the airport through those dates. New Jersey’s compliance is currently under review, according to the TSA.
But just because you live in a state that issues a Real ID doesn’t mean you’ll automatically receive it. You may need to provide extra documentation, wait longer to receive the ID or even pay a higher processing fee. This means you should double-check your ID right now to see if it’s compliant.
What Real ID means for airline passengers
When the Real ID act goes into effect, passengers will not be allowed through TSA security checkpoints without a compliant Real ID. If you aren’t interested in upgrading your driver’s license to a compliant version, you can still travel with a U.S. passport or any of the following TSA-approved forms of identification:
- U.S. passport card
- DHS trusted traveler card (Global Entry, NEXUS, SENTRI, FAST)
- Permanent resident card
- U.S. Department of Defense ID
- Border crossing card
- State-issued Enhanced Driver’s License
- Federally recognized, tribal-issued photo ID
- HSPD-12 PIV card
- Foreign government-issued passport
- Canadian provincial driver’s license or Indian and Northern Affairs Canada card
- Transportation worker identification credential
- U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Employment Authorization Card (I-766)
- U.S. Merchant Mariner Credential
Note that travelers under 18 do not need to provide identification when traveling with a companion, and this will not change under the Real ID Act. And while a Global Entry card will constitute a valid form of compliant photo ID, your TSA PreCheck card will not.
When does the Real ID Act go into effect?
The Real ID Act was set to go into effect in October, but president Trump extended the deadline due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. No new start date has been revealed yet, but the government is expected to announce it soon.
Do I need a Real ID if I’m enrolled in TSA PreCheck or Global Entry?
Yes. While your Global Entry card will count as a valid form of ID, you’ll need to bring it with you (or another compliant photo ID) when traveling even if you’re enrolled in one of these programs. Your TSA PreCheck card does not qualify.
Do I need a Real ID?
If you never fly and aren’t going to visit secure government facilities, Real IDs aren’t necessary and you don’t have to upgrade your ID. You can still vote, drive and access healthcare facilities like hospitals with noncompliant IDs. However, if you’re reading this site, you likely fly (or plan to), and thus will need a compliant Real ID.
My state is compliant with Real ID. Does this mean my driver’s license is OK?
Not necessarily. Just because your state issues compliant IDs, doesn’t mean you received one. Make sure to check for the star or star cutout to confirm your ID is compliant.
Do I need a Real ID to fly if I’m under 18?
No, minors traveling with a companion do not need to present photo ID (though their companion does).
How much does it cost to get a Real ID?
The cost varies by state, ranging from approximately $10 on the low end up to $85 to get a compliant ID.
If your driver’s license is already Real ID-compliant, you have nothing to worry about, as these upcoming changes won’t affect you at all. However, if your license isn’t up to the standard of the Real ID Act, you should strongly consider upgrading it as soon as possible. The extension of the previous October 2020 deadline to Oct. 1, 2021 gives you a bit more time to make plans and ensure that you continue to be able to board your domestic flights without any problem (or needing to pack your passport).
Nick Ellis contributed to this post.
Featured photo by RJ Sangosti/The Denver Post via Getty Images.
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