NASA Opens International Space Station to Tourism, Commercial Use
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In the past, if you wanted to become a NASA astronaut, you had less than a 1 percent change of getting the gig. Now, all you need is a stack of money, connections and a little bit of training because private companies can now access the International Space Station (ISS) for commercial use, NASA officials announced Friday at the Nasdaq Stock Exchange.
The US space agency has plans to allow up to two private astronaut missions per year, with each mission lasting no longer than 30 days. No, NASA is not directly selling anyone two tickets to space; it’s letting private companies rent a portion of the ISS, and it’s that company’s responsibility to get tourists to the space station.
While this may sound farfetched and years in the making, billionaires such as Jeff Bezos, Sir Richard Branson and Elon Musk have already been developing their space companies. Virgin Galactic, Sir Richard Branson’s space tourism venture, reached space for a second time in February of this year. A suborbital ride around Earth with Virgin Galactic starts at $250,000. Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos’s rocket company, had also previously announced that rides will cost between $200,000 and $300,000.
NASA must approve the commercial space vehicle to the space station, and private companies are encouraged to conduct commercial and marketing work on the station. With that being said, it isn’t required to have an educational or research component. NASA will allow some companies to venture up and do activities purely for profit. Although it probably doesn’t hurt to connect to NASA’s mission.
“We have no idea what kind of creativity and literally out-of-this-world ideas can come from private industry,” Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator of NASA’s human exploration and operations mission directorate said at the news conference in New York on Friday.
Those individuals with the funds who are daring enough to venture to space also have to be in shape– the bar is set pretty high for NASA’s medical and physical standards. Last requirement? Having the money to pay upwards of $35,000 a night for room, board, and well, air, said Jeff DeWit, NASA’s chief financial officer. This cost of course doesn’t include the price the space tourist companies will charge for rocket flights to and from space.
NASA is still looking into proposals for a possible module addition, and it will select a final plan by the end of the year. Regardless, companies have already begun reserving spaces and arranging flights for tourists. Bigelow Space Operations is planning on using SpaceX, Elon Musk’s rocket company, and it has already reserved four launches. SpaceX’s latest spacecraft just completed a four-week stay at the ISS on June 4 after delivering 5,500 pounds of supplies.
Bigelow Space Operations has made significant deposits for the ability to fly up to 16 people to the International Space Station on 4 dedicated @SpaceX flights. Photo credit: @NASA pic.twitter.com/MPCo6T8SHy
— Bigelow Aerospace (@BigelowSpace) June 7, 2019
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