TPG reader credit card question: How bad is it to get denied for a credit card?
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The fastest way to accumulate a meaningful amount of points and miles is by opening new travel rewards credit cards to earn the intro bonuses they offer. However, if you keep at this long enough and apply for a lot of cards, you are almost certain to get rejected on a credit card application eventually. So the question becomes: Are there any long-term ramifications if you get declined for a credit card?
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This is an interesting question and one that readers have asked us many times. It’s important to have a thorough understanding of the factors that affect your credit score before you start applying for credit cards so that you understand how a credit card rejection can impact you.
Are there long-term problems if I’m declined for a credit card?
Any time you apply for a new line of credit, whether it’s a mortgage, car loan or credit card, the institution you’re applying with will “pull” your credit report. These “hard inquiries” usually lower credit score temporarily by about five points. These types of credit pulls differ from “soft inquiries,” which might happen when you open a new bank account or get your credit screened to sign a rental agreement. In a soft inquiry, the other party looks at your credit report but the inquiry doesn’t then affect your credit score.
These inquiries fall off your credit report after about two years, though the temporary score drop usually rebounds before then. In most cases, you’ll receive a hard credit pull whether you’re approved for a card or rejected (although American Express has been known not to perform a hard pull for existing customers when it declines them for a new card).
In this sense, the negative impact of applying for a new credit card is the same whether you get approved or rejected. Obviously, if you get approved, you get a new account and typically an increase to your total credit limit (not to mention a nice welcome bonus) which can help boost your credit score long term. On the other hand, since length of credit history and new credit account for 25% of your total FICO score, opening a new credit card account can also temporarily lower your score by bringing down the average age of your accounts. Overall, though, opening a new card and using it responsibly (i.e. paying it off on time and in full every month) should ultimately help raise your credit score.
As for rejections, there are not any uniquely negative effects if you’re not approved for a new credit card. As a single data point, in over three years of collecting points and miles, I’ve been rejected for 12 different credit cards, and still have a credit score of about 780.
Study each issuer’s application rules
While you shouldn’t worry too much if your application gets rejected, you shouldn’t just apply sporadically without understanding the unique eligibility rules of each different card issuer.
We’re talking specifically about Chase 5/24 status and applying for Chase cards, since the issuer will probably automatically reject you if you’ve opened five or more credit cards in the last 24 months (except certain business credit cards). Even if you don’t know your Chase 5/24 status off the top of your head, it’s worth taking some time to sit down and figure it out instead of just applying randomly and hoping for the best.
The same goes for other issuers such as Amex, which limits you to only receiving the welcome bonus on each of its credit cards once per lifetime. You also have to be careful, as some issuers are especially sensitive to recent inquiries. Even if they don’t have any formal rules like Chase’s 5/24, Citi and Capital One have both been known to reject applicants with otherwise excellent credit for having too many recent inquiries on their credit report.
Read our ultimate guide to credit card application restrictions for everything you need to know.
Getting rejected for a credit card is unfortunate, but thankfully there should not be any permanent harm to your credit score. The five-point hit to your credit score from the hard pull and the inquiry itself will fade over time, meaning you shouldn’t balk at applying out of fear of damaging your score for the long term. Still, you should make sure you know the rules of any issuer whose cards you’re thinking of applying for. There’s no good reason to waste a credit inquiry on a card you have absolutely no chance of getting, like applying for a Chase card when you’re over that 5/24 limit.
Additional reporting by Joseph Hostetler.
Featured photo by karen roach/Shutterstock.
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