The monthly cost of public transit in 24 worldwide destinations

Oct 23, 2019

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Around the world, billions of people use public transportation to commute between their workplaces, schools and homes each day. Some do so for convenience, while others do so for environmental reasons. Still others use public trains and buses because they would have no other feasible way of reaching their destinations otherwise.

Whatever the need, public transportation often forms the central network that laces a city together. But at what cost?

TPG set out to answer the question by compiling monthly pass fares from the five most populated U.S. cities. And the team at Globehunters scoured data from dozens of countries and cities, using crowd-sourced data gleaned from Numbeo, to find the world’s cheapest and most expensive commutes by monthly average cost.  

So, where will you find the least and most expensive public transportation costs? Here’s what we found.

The 5 most expensive cities for public transportation

Tower Bridge. Photo by fazon1/Getty Images.
London (Photo by Getty Images.)

The five cities on this list are some of the world’s most desirable places to live, and that envy factor comes at a price. Based on the Globehunters report, London currently holds the world record for the priciest monthly commute at an average of over $6 a day — 25% more expensive than Sydney, Australia, the second-ranked city on this list. In comparison, the monthly commute in Toronto, Canada — fifth on this list —only costs 60% of what a Londoner is used to paying.

With London salaries averaging $51,200 per year, according to Investopedia via Guardian Jobs UK, the estimated annual transportation bill of $2,232 seemingly makes up just 4.3% of the daily commuter’s income. But the price spikes during rush hour: Investopedia said the average working Londoner pays up to $9,000 per year for peak-hour train passes.

City Average monthly commuting cost
London, U.K. $186
Sydney, Australia $151.45
Dublin, Ireland $143.32
New York City $119.88
Toronto, Canada $111.59

The 5 cheapest cities for public transport

Asia, India, Mumbai, general view of the Mumbai skyline from the Malabar district in the city centre. Photo by Getty Images
Mumbai (Photo by Getty Images).

On the opposite end of the spectrum, both India and Vietnam have two out of the five cheapest cities worldwide for monthly commuting costs, with Indonesia’s Jakarta claiming the No. 5 spot.

The size of each city’s population varies widely. In India, for example, Mumbai has nearly 18.5 million residents, while Jaipur only has 3 million. But each of these cities has something in common: the monthly cost of traveling within city limits averages somewhere between $4 and $8 — roughly the price of a Happy Meal or Big Mac combo in the U.S.

Mumbai may be India’s financial capital and home to the richest family in Asia, whose skyscraper home cost $1 billion to build. But the average per capita income is just $921.91, and transportation costs consume nearly 6% of that. And for the 1.2 million inhabitants of Mumbai who earn less than 28 cents per day, or right around $100 per year, public transit costs more than 50% of their annual income.

City Average monthly commuting cost
Mumbai, India $4.34
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam $6.40
Jaipur, India $7.24
Hanoi, Vietnam $8.54
Jakarta, Indonesia $11.59

The 5 most expensive countries for public transport

Dublin, Ireland - Oct 19, 2014: People around The Temple Bar in Dublin, Ireland on October 19, 2014
Ireland (Photo by Getty Images.)

In Ireland, the average person pays $120 per month for the privilege of commuting on public transportation. That’s 31% pricier than Japan, despite the Asian nation’s efficient but expensive system of Shinkansen bullet trains. Still, the annual cost of $1,445.76 averages out to around 5.7% of the average Irish person’s annual income — about $25,310 per person.

Australia and New Zealand also appeared on the list, with average monthly commuting costs exceeding $100. Japan and Iceland also took spots in the top five (if you’re wondering, Iceland does in fact have a public bus and ferry network).

Country Average monthly commuting cost
Ireland $120.48
Australia $104.52
New Zealand $100.07
Iceland $96.83
Japan $91.75

The 5 cheapest countries for public transport

Silhouette of people walking on beach at sunset.
Pakistan (Photo by Getty Images.)

While Vietnam managed to land itself on this list, too, you won’t find India in the top five cheapest countries worldwide. Instead, the top slot goes to Pakistan, the South Asian nation of nearly 200 million people.

Reflecting the average annual income that hovers around $420 per person, a typical commute in Pakistan costs just $5.17 per month. To put that in perspective, it’s just 4.3% of what the average person in Ireland pays for commuting each month. But at $62.04 per year, the average cost of Pakistan’s public transportation still eats up nearly 15% of that $420 annual income.

Sri Lanka, Moldova and Nepal also appear on the index of most affordable countries for public transportation.

Country Average monthly commuting cost
Pakistan $5.17
Sri Lanka $5.63
Vietnam $7.03
Moldova $7.82
Nepal $8.12

Interested in seeing the full list of countries and cities ranked by commute cost? Trot over to Globehunters for the full ranking, including the cost of monthly transport passes.

Data geeks will appreciate Numbeo’s full cost-of-living breakdown, which is sourced from local users and offers hundreds of search options for each category. To find the transportation costs referenced here, click on “Cost of Living” — the first tab under the logo on the left — to select prices by city or country. Then scroll through the list until you reach the “Transportation” categories.

Public transportation fares for U.S. cities

Wondering about costs a little closer to home? So did we. In keeping with the way Globehunters organized its global transit statistics, TPG pulled numbers for monthly passes in the nation’s five most populated cities.

Here’s what it costs to commute by bus or train in New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston and Philadelphia. As you’ll see from the data, public transport consistently costs between 3 and 4% of the average per capita income.

Single pass Monthly or 30-day pass Average annual income per person
(2017 data)
Percentage of income average
Houston METRORail $1.25 $3 max per day: $84 to $93 $32,441 3%
Los Angeles Metro Rail $1.75 $100 $32,413 3.7%
Philadelphia SEPTA $2.50 $96 $37,235 3%
Chicago Transit Authority $2.50 ($2.25 per bus ride) $105 $36,010 3.5%
New York City MTA $2.75 $127 $37,156 4%

Regardless of where you live or visit, you’ll want to maximize your points earnings on public transportation spend, whether you’re paying $5.17 a month in Pakistan, $1.25 per trip in Houston or $120.48 a month in Ireland.

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Featured photo by Getty Images. 

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