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Anyone who has spent significant time in Europe knows that strikes are a much bigger part of life across the Atlantic than they are in the US. Unions in countries such as Italy, Spain and France tend to be stronger and more vocal, causing disruptions that threaten to interfere with even the most carefully planned travels.

Italy is bracing for two major strikes this week: The first is Wednesday, July 24, when public transit workers and taxi drivers will strike in cities including Rome, Florence, Milan, Naples and Turin. It will also affect trains across the country, ferries and major highways. The second strike is planned for Friday, July 26, when air travel will be disrupted. If you’re traveling in Italy — or any other European country where they are strikes — here’s what you need to know.

Get the Specifics

I’ve experienced strikes in Paris, Rome and Barcelona, and they’re all different. Sometimes, as was the case in last summer’s taxi strike in Barcelona, they go on for days, bringing traffic in the city to a grinding halt. Other times, they might only last for a few hours, or service may simply be limited throughout the day. Stay informed by reading local news sources or asking your hotel concierge to explain which services will be on strike, and when.

According to Italian news site Il Post, for example, during the upcoming strike, railway workers will strike for eight hours from 9am until 5pm; shipping workers will strike for 24 hours but will continue to operate extremely limited ferry service; taxi drivers will strike for 24 hours; urban public transport workers will strike for four hours, but the hours vary depending on the city. In Naples, they’re expected to strike from 9am until 1 pm; in Rome from 12:30pm until 4:30pm; in Milan, Florence and Turin from 6pm until 10pm. But strikes often have a ripple effect on transit outside of these hours and can cause lengthy residual delays.

Have a Backup Plan

During last summer’s taxi strike in Barcelona, my private transfer didn’t show up to the airport to pick me up. Rather than panicking, I called my hotel and they sent another driver. The unexpected delay was a bit of a hassle, but luckily, I made it to the hotel without any other issues. During the three days I spent in the city, the taxi drivers had completely blocked the Gran Vía, diverting traffic around it. Fortunately, the metro was still running, so I simply took the metro or walked everywhere.

If you’re in a city with a transit strike, you might have to switch your plans around. Even if there are limited trains and buses running, they’re going to be extremely crowded, and it’s rarely worth the hassle of trying to squeeze on. Unless you absolutely can’t, it’s best to reschedule activities and restaurant reservations so you can stick to an area that’s walkable from wherever you’re staying.

Consider Avoiding Certain Areas

Some strikes are totally harmless, but others — like the violent protests by the gilets jaunes in Paris — can wreak havoc on certain parts of the city. Demonstrations that start peacefully can sometimes turn violent. In many European cities, demonstrations will follow a set route as protesters march through the city. Follow local news coverage or ask your hotel concierge where protests will take place and try to avoid the area.

Protest of school workers in front of Palazzo di Montecitorio in Rome at the strike to demand high wage increases, stabilization of precarious jobs and new hires on May 17, 2019., 2019 in Rome, (Photo by Andrea Ronchini/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
School workers demonstratiing in front of the Italian Parliament in Rome during a strike in May 2019 in Rome (Photo by Andrea Ronchini/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Seek Reimbursement for Trip Interruptions

This won’t help you if you’re already traveling in a city where there are transit strikes, but it’s something to consider when booking a trip. If your flight is canceled due to a strike, you might be entitled to compensation from the airline if the strike was a wildcat strike (one that isn’t triggered by a union).

TPG contributor Lori Zaino used the company Jetrights to get compensated when her Ryanair flight from Madrid to Bergamo, Italy, was delayed more than three hours due to a strike. “Last year, during the Ryanair strikes, I flat out bought a second Iberia flight so I wouldn’t miss the wedding I had in Italy,” she said. She ended up taking the Ryanair flight anyway, and the reimbursement she received was higher than the price she paid for the Iberia ticket.

If you find yourself stuck due to a canceled flight or train, pay for expenses like extra hotel nights using a credit card that has trip delay or trip cancellation and interruption coverage. After, you can file a claim for reimbursement when you get home. Just make sure to keep any documentation necessary, including itemized receipts.

Featured photo by Claudio Schwarz | @purzlbaumUnsplash

Know before you go.

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