Southwest Airlines wants WestJet to give up New York slots under Delta pact

Dec 12, 2019

This post contains references to products from one or more of our advertisers. We may receive compensation when you click on links to those products. Terms apply to the offers listed on this page. For an explanation of our Advertising Policy, visit this page.

Southwest Airlines wants WestJet to divest its slots at New York LaGuardia under a proposed partnership with Delta Air Lines, amid several objections to the planned pact.

The Dallas-based discounter argued in a filing with the U.S. Department of Transportation on Wednesday that granting the partnership without forcing the divestment of WestJet’s eight slot pairs — one pair is needed for a flight to takeoff and land — would reduce competition at LaGuardia (LGA) by putting more slots effectively under the control of Delta.

JetBlue Airways and WestJet acquired eight slot pairs each at the close-in New York airport as part of a deal between Delta, US Airways and U.S. regulators in 2011. The sales were designed to increase smaller carriers’ presence at LaGuardia in order to boost competition.

Sign up for the free daily TPG newsletter for more airline news!

NEW YORK, NY - September 7, 2016: A WestJet Airlines Boeing 737 passenger jet taxis on the tarmac at LaGuardia Airport in the New York City borough of Queens on September 7, 2016. (Photo by Robert Alexander/Getty Images)
A WestJet Boeing 737 taxis at New York LaGuardia Airport. (Photo by Robert Alexander/Getty Images)

“To preserve the competitive benefits intended (and currently provided) by that divestiture, the [DOT] should require the 16 LGA slots that WestJet now holds to be re-divested to one or more independent U.S. [low-cost carriers],” said Southwest.

Southwest holds 28 slot pairs, compared to Delta’s 260 pairs, at LaGuardia. The discounter focused its New York operation on the airport in November when it ended service to Newark Liberty (EWR). It also serves Long Island MacArthur Airport (ISP) on Long Island.

Delta and WestJet, in their joint venture application to the DOT, said the partnership will be beneficial for consumers. If approved, they have promised to boost capacity between Canada and the U.S., including adding six new routes. The pact would also offer a more seamless experience for customers traveling on both carriers, including a closer frequent flyer relationship.

Related: Delta Air Lines, WestJet Partnership Gets Canadian Sign Off

A joint venture allows airlines to act as essentially one in a specific market, for example between Canada and the U.S. for Delta and WestJet. This includes coordinating schedules and fares, and jointly marketing and selling tickets.

Alaska Airlines also commented on the proposed Delta-WestJet pact. The Seattle-based carrier opposes the joint venture, saying in a Wednesday filing with the DOT that it would “result in further concentration of U.S.-Canada transborder market power.” The airline claims that nearly 87% of transborder capacity would be controlled by the dual partnerships of Delta and WestJet, and Air Canada and United Airlines.

This concentration would, according to Alaska, limit its — and other U.S. carriers’ — ability to expand in Canada, where it serves five cities.

Alaska cited the example of Mexico City (MEX). Despite conditions placed on Aeromexico and Delta’s partnership in 2016, Alaska and Southwest Airlines were unable to compete. Alaska and Southwest ended service between Los Angeles (LAX) and Mexico City (MEX) not long after the partnership. Despite the restrictions, partners Delta and Aeromexico were able to fortify their presence with hubs on both ends of the route.

Air Canada and United, while they have antitrust immunity between Canada and the U.S., only have a codeshare in the market and not a jointly coordinated partnership.

Related: WestJet Dash 8s Could Soon Take Over These Delta Routes to Canada

The DOT has required slot divestitures and required regular reviews in recent joint venture approvals. Aeromexico and Delta were forced to give up slots at Mexico City and New York John F. Kennedy (JFK) airports, and the regulator stipulated regular reviews of the carriers’ partnership, as well as the tie up between American Airlines and Qantas Airways that was approved in July.

Delta president Glen Hauenstein expects a DOT decision on its proposed venture with WestJet in the first half of 2020, speaking at an investor day Thursday.

“We think there’s huge value on the U.S.-transborder market for us,” he said.

Feature image by Robert Alexander/Getty Images.

Delta SkyMiles® Platinum American Express Card

Earn 90,000 bonus miles and 10,000 Medallion® Qualification Miles (MQMs) after you spend $3,000 in purchases on your new card in the first three months of card membership. Offer ends 11/10/2021.

With Status Boost™, earn 10,000 Medallion Qualification Miles (MQMs) after you spend $25,000 in purchases on your Card in a calendar year, up to two times per year getting you closer to Medallion Status. Earn 3X Miles on Delta purchases and purchases made directly with hotels, 2X Miles at restaurants and at U.S. supermarkets and earn 1X Mile on all other eligible purchases. Terms Apply.

Apply Now
More Things to Know
  • Limited Time Offer: Earn 90,000 Bonus Miles and 10,000 Medallion® Qualification Miles (MQMs) after you spend $3,000 in purchases on your new Card in your first 3 months. Offer expires 11/10/2021.
  • Earn up to 20,000 Medallion® Qualification Miles (MQMs) with Status Boost® per year. After you spend $25,000 in purchases on your Card in a calendar year, you can earn 10,000 MQMs two times per year, getting you closer to Medallion® Status. MQMs are used to determine Medallion® Status and are different than miles you earn toward flights.
  • Earn 3X Miles on Delta purchases and purchases made directly with hotels.
  • Earn 2X Miles at restaurants worldwide, including takeout and delivery and at U.S. supermarkets.
  • Earn 1X Miles on all other eligible purchases.
  • Receive a Domestic Main Cabin round-trip companion certificate each year upon renewal of your Card. *Payment of the government imposed taxes and fees of no more than $75 for roundtrip domestic flights (for itineraries with up to four flight segments) is required. Baggage charges and other restrictions apply. See terms and conditions for details.
  • Enjoy your first checked bag free on Delta flights.
  • Fee Credit for Global Entry or TSA Pre✓®.
  • Enjoy an exclusive rate of $39 per person per visit to enter the Delta Sky Club® for you and up to two guests when traveling on a Delta flight.
  • No Foreign Transaction Fees.
  • $250 Annual Fee.
  • Terms Apply.
  • See Rates & Fees
Regular APR
15.74%-24.74% Variable
Annual Fee
Balance Transfer Fee
Recommended Credit
Terms and restrictions apply. See rates & fees.

Editorial Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are the author’s alone, not those of any bank, credit card issuer, airlines or hotel chain, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

Disclaimer: The responses below are not provided or commissioned by the bank advertiser. Responses have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by the bank advertiser. It is not the bank advertiser’s responsibility to ensure all posts and/or questions are answered.