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Encountering a whale can be deeply moving. These mysterious creatures are found in every ocean in the world from Africa to Antarctica. You can go whale watching from basically any country with a coastline, but there are certain places where the chances of sightings are particularly high and the whales come conveniently close to shore.
Unfortunately, after being hunted for centuries, half of the 13 great whale species in the world are endangered. Conservation of these majestic animals is more important than ever; the UK-based travel agency Responsible Travel has tips on how to plan an ethical whale-watching trip. Here are some of the best spots for whale spotting in every season. Have a read, pack your camera and prepare for an awe-inspiring wildlife adventure.
Where to Go Whale Watching in the Spring
These remote Portuguese islands are one of the most popular whale watching destinations in the world due to the number and diversity of cetaceans (whales and dolphins) that are found here. You’re most likely to see the resident sperm and pilot whales that hang out year round, along with several dolphin species including orca — that’s right, killer “whales” aren’t actually whales at all.
In the spring, when migrating whales pass through, you’ve got a good shot at spotting humpbacks, Sei, and the two largest species of whale: fin and blue. Peak season is April through September, but visit in April and May for the best chance of spotting a big blue. Book with Whale Watch Azores, Atlantiangra or Azores Adventures Futurismo, which are all approved by the World Cetacean Alliance.
For those with an adventurous spirit and cash to spare, an expedition to the Northern provinces offers access to some of the rarer and more exotic whale species. In Arctic Nunavut, May and June are a good time to see narwhals (aka the unicorns of the sea) and bowhead whales, as well as walruses and polar bears. From June onwards you can spot friendly, chattering beluga whales in Churchill, Manitoba and Tadoussac, Quebec.
For more accessible wildlife encounters, head to Vancouver Island in March and April to see the gray whale migration, or from May through September when the orca are at their most plentiful. (Over the summer there are also humpbacks, minke, fin, sperm, and even blue whales off the East and West coasts). Visit whaletrips.org for more details and a list of operators in each region.
Where to Go Whale Watching in the Summer
Kaikoura, New Zealand
Kaikoura on the South Island is known as the whale-watching capital of New Zealand, due to the resident sperm whales that can be seen here year-round. (Here’s a bit of literary trivia for you: Moby Dick was based on a real 19th century sperm whale named Mocha Dick, who lived in the Southern Pacific). But visit over June and July and you’ll also catch the more acrobatic humpbacks en route to their winter territories in Tonga and Australia, along with occasional blue and Southern right whales.
Still under-the-radar as a whale watching destination, Iceland is actually one of the best places in Europe to do it. There are more than 20 species of whales and dolphins to be seen here, including minke, fin, sperm, humpback, blue whales and orca. Some of these cetaceans can be spotted year-round, but the peak season is June to August when operators report a 90% success rate.
Another compelling reason to take a whale watching excursion here is that Iceland is one of the only remaining countries that still hunts whales commercially, along with Norway and Japan; supporting the whale watching industry shows authorities that living whales are more valuable than dead ones. Visit Icewhale for a list of responsible operators, as well as whale-friendly restaurants to dine at while you’re there.
Where to Go Whale Watching in the Fall
Hermanus, South Africa
This fishing town is one of the best places in the world for shore-based whale watching, ideal for those who prefer to stay on dry land. To find out where the whales are, you can call a special hotline or listen out for the town’s whale crier, who blows a kelp horn to signal activity in the bay.
There are also boat trips for those who wish to get closer (try Southern Right Charters), as well as splurge-worthy aerial tours that will fly you right over the Southern Right, where you can spot humpback whales that migrate here to mate and calve. Whale season stretches from July to November with peak sightings during September and October.
This Polynesian archipelago is one of the few places in the world that permits swimming with humpback whales, who journey here from Antarctica each year to mate and give birth. During the July to October whale season you’ll have a good chance of encountering courtship rituals, singing (male humpbacks are known for their vocal talents) or a mother with her calf.
To minimize the disturbance to the whales, it’s imperative to use a licensed operator who follows official guidelines; a list of responsible operators can be found on the Tonga Tourism website.
Where to Go Whale Watching in the Winter
From December to May, around 10,000 North Pacific humpback whales escape frigid Alaskan waters for the tropical climes of Hawaii. (Creatures after our own hearts.) January through March is the best time for spotting these acrobatic, social and curious whales who have been known to swim up to investigate boats.
Maui is the best island for land-based whale watching but you can also take a boat tour with PacWhale Eco-Adventures, which directly supports whale conservation and research. In Oahu, try Wild Side Specialty Tours, which offers small group trips led by marine biologists.
The coast off Mirissa and Galle is swimming with whales and dolphins from November to April, including humpback, Bryde’s and sperm whales. But February and March is when you’ll find the mighty blue whale, the largest animal to ever live. Unfortunately there is little regulation governing the industry here, so choose an operator with care.
Raja & the Whales is actively involved in research and conservation, while Mirissa Water Sports is an approved member of the World Cetacean Alliance. Not only will these operators maintain a respectful distance from the whales, they also limit group numbers so you won’t have to compete with your fellow passengers for the view.
Featured photo via Getty Images.
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