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If you’re looking to reap the rewards of some of the top credit card offers, it’s not as simple as filling out that pre-approved application that landed in your mailbox. In fact, pre-approved doesn’t even mean you’re really approved. Instead, the bank will still conduct a thorough review of your personal finance history to determine your creditworthiness, and if you’re approved, it’ll also use that information to calculate your APR and set your credit limit.

Closing a credit card impacts several factors used to calculate your credit score.

Your personal finance history is bundled into one key piece of information: your credit score. It represents how much debt you have, how well you’ve done at making on-time payments, how long you’ve been using credit and a range of other factors. Credit scores range from 300 to 850: the higher your credit score, the more likely you’ll receive approval for the best credit cards.

So what can you do to push your score closer to that coveted (and insanely-hard-to-actually-reach) 850 goalpost? Outside of the obvious must-dos such as making on-time payments and avoiding the pitfalls of maxing out your cards, there are other ways to improve your credit score. Consider these key lessons.

1. Credit reporting agencies aren’t always correct. 

Before making any adjustments to your financial behaviors, make sure that credit reporting agencies have correct information about you. A 2012 study conducted by the Federal Trade Commission revealed that 5% of consumers had errors on their reports that might result in paying more for banking products. There are three major credit-reporting agencies, Equifax, Experian and TransUnion, and federal law guarantees you free access to your report once each year. Review each history to make sure that they’re error-free.

2. Paying down debt requires some personal changes. 

Once you’ve reviewed your history, it’s time to focus on the areas where you can have an immediate impact. The best place to start is creating an aggressive timeline to pay off any existing credit card debt.

Take a look at your monthly spending habits to identify areas where you can reduce expenses to shift additional money toward reducing your credit card balance. Can you eliminate that expensive cable bill? Does your mobile company offer any lower-priced plans? Are you spending too much on dining out? By making adjustments to your personal purchasing habits, you can create positive change for your credit score.

3. Keep your debt-to-credit ratio in check.

The more space you have on that credit card, the better off you
The more space you have on that credit card, the better off you’ll be. (Photo by jacoblund/Getty Images)

While your payment history plays the biggest role in calculating your score, the second-most important factor is how much you owe relative to how much credit you have available. It’s your debt-to-credit ratio, and most experts will tell you to keep it under 30%. However, shrinking the amount of money you owe and keeping it even lower can make a big difference. For a personal example, I recently managed to boost my score by 26 points with one big payment that shrunk my utilization ratio to under 10%.

4. Consider asking for a credit limit increase. 

If your account is in good standing, you may want to consider asking your bank for an increase in your line of credit. Asking for an increase is unlikely to trigger a hard credit inquiry since you already have the account. The other good news: It’s easy. According to a survey conducted by earlier this year, 85% of respondents managed to secure credit increases with a simple ask. Once you get it, though, don’t use it to spend more. The extra space is designed to improve that crucial debt-to-credit ratio.

5. Closing old cards can create new troubles.

Conventional wisdom may lead you to believe that closing other lines of credit will make you look better in the eyes of potential lenders. Fewer cards means you’re more responsible, right? Not necessarily. If you have older cards that you aren’t using as frequently, their age plays a valuable role in establishing yourself as a trustworthy individual. Additionally, the credit limit on those cards is helpful in your overall debt-to-credit ratio. Rather than closing all your old cards, I recommend keeping the oldest card open and maintaining some regular activity on it.

Finally, be patient. Your credit score isn’t going to make a humongous jump over night. If you can make on-time payments and limit your debt, your score will stay on a successful track.

Featured image by @criene via Twenty20.


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