6 things to do to improve your credit in 2022
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Editor’s note: This post has been updated with the latest credit card information.
Happy New Year! Now is a great time to rack up rewards points, plan for future vacations and make the most of your everyday spending habits. It also brings a new chance to focus on improving your credit score, which can earn you better loan and reward terms. Here’s where to start.
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Monitor your credit score
Check your credit score regularly. This will show you in real time how your actions impact your score. Issuers that offer free, regularly updated credit scores to cardholders include American Express (by enrolling in its free MyCreditGuide), Bank of America, Barclays, Capital One (via its CreditWise service), Chase (via Credit Journey), Citi, Discover (via Credit Scorecard), U.S. Bank (via CreditView Dashboard) and Wells Fargo (via Wells Fargo Online).
How are credit scores calculated?
FICO scores are based on five factors: payment history, amount owed, length of credit history, new credit and credit mix. The total amount you owe and your payment history hold the most sway over your FICO score, with each accounting for at least 30% of your total score.
Related: How credit scores work
How to improve your score
First, check your credit report to see what might be dragging down your score. Address any errors, then pay your bills on time every time. Once you pay a card off, keep the account open. While it may feel like a victory, closing down a paid-off card can actually pull your credit score down.
How do inquiries affect credit scores?
The impact of an inquiry on your credit report depends on the type of inquiry. Hard inquiries, which happen once you’ve applied for a lease, loan or credit card, can bring your credit score down slightly. For most people, one hard inquiry shaves five points off a credit score.
Multiple inquiries for things such as auto, mortgage or student loans are typically treated as a single inquiry since they tend to signal a customer shopping around for the best rates and terms. Inquiries for several credit cards within a short period can be perceived as a red flag by lenders.
Soft inquiries are when you check your own credit report or a lender preapproves you for a loan offer. These don’t negatively impact credit scores.
Review your credit report
Your credit score is only part of the picture. You’ll also want to check your credit report, especially if you’re just starting on the path of improving your credit. Correcting mistakes on your credit report is one of the easiest ways to begin improving your credit.
Each year, the government grants you free access to a credit report from each of the three major credit reporting bureaus — Experian, Equifax and TransUnion. Go to annualcreditreport.com for yours. You’re also entitled to a free credit report whenever a creditor denies your application.
Grade your own financial performance
Credit agencies offer a well-rounded perspective of how lenders see you, but it’s equally important to look in the mirror and change habits that may be holding you back.
How to use your credit card properly
The smartest way to use your credit card is to pay it off every month and collect your rewards. If you must carry a balance, make every single payment on time. Set your account to autopay your minimum payments. Make additional payments to pay down your debt as quickly as possible, particularly if it comes at a high interest rate.
You’ll want to keep any balance you do carry to under 30% of the card’s limit, since credit utilization — how much of your card’s available credit you’re using at any given time — factors into your credit score. Shop around for interest rates and don’t be afraid to contact your lender and ask for a decrease if you have a track record of on-time payments, especially during this period of exceptionally low interest rates.
How long does it take to improve credit?
Settle in, because it’s going to take a while to fix a damaged credit report. Delinquencies — generally reported to credit bureaus after two consecutive missed payments — remain on your report for seven years. Inquiries can stay on your credit report for up to two years.
Make the most of your checking account
Your bank is your best friend when it comes to improving your credit score. You’ll want to use your checking account to set up automatic minimum payments on every account you have. Remember, payment history makes up about 35% of your credit score.
Mistakes linger on credit reports, and the best thing you can do for your credit score is to avoid them. Many banks offer budgeting tools to help track spending and saving as well.
Consider requesting a credit limit increase
Consider asking for a higher credit limit if you’ve got a history of on-time payments or just got a big raise. This might trigger an inquiry that will temporarily hit your score by a few points, but in the long term, having more available credit drives down your utilization ratio and ultimately drives up credit scores. Credit limit increases may also be easier to get than you think.
Earn credit for paying your bills and maintaining bank balances
If you don’t have a strong credit history, consider Experian Boost, a free service for adding utility and telecom payments to your Experian credit file to build a payment history.
If you’re a saver and have a history of healthy bank balances, UltraFICO may be an option for you. UltraFICO takes checking and savings information into account when calculating scores.
You always want to ensure that your credit score remains high. Those with lower scores can be stuck with credit cards that have limited perks, more fees and higher interest rates. It also makes it harder to rent or buy a home, turn on utilities or get personal or auto loans. You can avoid this fate by following the steps outlined above.
If you want to learn even more about credit scores, check out these links:
- How to meet your New Year’s resolution of improving your credit score in 2022
- How to earn points and miles with fair to poor credit
- Does it hurt to pay off your credit card balance before the billing cycle ends?
- 4 incorrect assumptions about your credit score
- 7 things to understand about credit before applying for a new card
Featured photo by Maskot/Getty Images.
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