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American Airlines May Ditch A350 Order, Slows New Aircraft Growth

Jan. 27, 2018
9 min read
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Thursday morning's American Airlines earnings release and investor call brought a slew of news — from management hinting at higher airfare to come to details about AA economy getting worse. In addition, there were also some interesting updates about American Airlines' fleet. Here's what they are and what it means for flyers:

Uncertain Future for the A350 Order

If things went according to the original US Airways order, American Airlines would already be flying a small fleet of Airbus A350s. Instead, in 2016, the airline deferred the first deliveries from spring 2017 to late 2018. Then, in April 2017, the airline delayed the initial deliveries two more years to late 2020.

In Thursday morning's detailed fleet forecast, the initial A350 deliveries showed up on the schedule for 2020. That indicates that the airline still expects to have two of the 22-aircraft order in its fleet by the end of 2020. But, based on the deferrals so far, we've learned to be skeptical that these plans will materialize.

American Airlines might cancel its A350 order and order more 787-9s.
American Airlines might cancel its A350 order and order more 787-9s like this one.

American Airlines management didn't soothe those suspicions in its earnings call. When asked about the A350, Chief Financial Officer Derek Kerr made it seem like keeping the order for the 300-seat Airbuses was just one of the options the airline had, rather than a firm order on the books. To fill a need in its long-haul fleet, AA's "options are to take the A350, turn that into an A330-900, or another option is to take the 787-9."

While the airline could likely work with Airbus to convert its A350 order into A330-900s — which are about the same size, but with less range — switching to the 787-9 would mean cancelling its A350 order or a more drastic conversion to single-aisle aircraft.

At this point, I'd be surprised if AA ends up taking delivery of an Airbus A350. American reportedly has 52 different aircraft arrangements and it has plans to reduce this number to 30 by "harmonizing" its fleet. A completely new aircraft type would certainly not help simplify its fleet.

Reduction in New Aircraft

Another big shift is American Airlines' cutback on new aircraft deliveries starting in 2018. From 2014 to 2017, the airline averaged 97 new aircraft per year. In 2018, the fleet plan includes just 65 new aircraft — 22 mainline and 43 regional aircraft. (In the earnings call Thursday, Kerr seems to have misspoken when he referenced plans to add just 22 mainline and 5 regional aircraft.)

Retiring Old Aircraft Types

As mentioned above, American Airlines operates 52 different interior arrangements across 23 different aircraft types. As part of its efforts to simplify its fleet, the airline plans on completely retiring some older aircraft types over the next few years.

The AA MD-80s with their 3-2 seat arrangement in coach are being phased out in 2019.

First to go will be the 14 regional Dash-8s, which will all be retired in 2018. In 2019, American Airlines will finish phasing out its McDonnell Douglas MD-80s (19 retirements in 2018, 26 in 2019) and Embraer E-190s (all 20 to be retired in 2019).

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Finally, in 2020, American will retire all nine of its current Airbus A330-300 aircraft, while maintaining its 15 retrofit A330-200s through at least the end of 2020.

Only a Few More Dreamliners Coming

After taking delivery of its first Boeing 787 Dreamliner in January 2015, American has averaged nearly one new 787 per month. As of the end of 2017, it has 34 in the fleet, including 20 787-8s and 14 Boeing 787-9s, factory-installed with premium economy. These are the planes that get my vote for the best business class seat in the fleet.

Business class on AA's Boeing 787-9.
Business class on AA's Boeing 787-9.

But there aren't many more left on the order book. As of Thursday's report, just eight more Dreamliners are expected to join American Airlines' fleet. Six of those will be delivered in 2018 with two more in 2019. All eight of these will be 787-9s, bringing the total to 20 Boeing 787-8s and 22 Boeing 787-9s.

No Plans to Scrap Ancient 767s

If you've flown on American Airlines' 767s, you're aware of just how bad they are. In economy, there's no personal in-flight entertainment and no standard power plugs either. Instead, only some seats have DC power plugs, and entertainment is via a few overhead screens.

American Airlines' horrible 767s are remaining in the fleet for at least the next three years.
American Airlines' horrible 767s are remaining in the fleet for at least the next three years.

That's bearable for a short flight, but American Airlines flies these aircraft between the US mainland and Europe, South America and Hawaii. That's a long flight for no power and limited, shared entertainment.

Even in business class, there's no built-in entertainment. American Airlines recently retrofit these business class cabins, installing lie-flat business class seats. However, it passed on the cost of installing in-flight entertainment screens, justifying that it's phasing out these aircraft soon.

There's no built-in in-flight entertainment screens in business class.
No built-in in-flight entertainment screens in business class.

Turns out, the 767s aren't going away anytime soon. As of the fleet plan released Thursday, American Airlines plans on keeping all 20 in its fleet until at least the end of 2020.

More 737 MAX Are Coming

In 2018, the world's largest airline is taking delivery of 22 new mainline aircraft. Six of these are the aforementioned Dreamliners. The rest are the already-infamous Boeing 737 MAX.

Despite traveler and flight attendant complaints, the airline isn't reconsidering its plans to install 172 seats — with less pitch than Ryanair has on its 737 MAX — tiny bathrooms and no in-flight entertainment screens. The airline has firm orders for 100 of these, with 20 by the end of 2018, and taking delivery of 20 more per year from 2019 to 2022.

Entire Fleet Plan

If you're like me and love to dive into the numbers, here's the current state of American Airlines' fleet at the end of 2017 and the plan for the fleet at the end of 2018, 2019 and 2020:

MAINLINEYE2017YE2018YE2019YE2020
A319125125125125
A32048484848
A321219219219219
A321 neo2550
A330-20015151515
A330-300999
A3502
B737-800304304292259
B737 Max 84204060
B75734343424
B767-30024242424
B777-200ER47474747
B777-300ER20202020
B787-820202020
B787-914202222
E1902020
MD804526
 TOTAL948951940935
Narrowbody799796783785
Widebody149155157150

And the regional fleet:

REGIONALYE2017YE2018YE2019YE2020
CRJ20068353535
CRJ700110119111111
CRJ900118118118118
DASH 8-1003
DASH 8-30011
E175148154159159
ERJ14021494949
ERJ145118118118118
TOTAL597593590590


Featured image courtesy of Airbus

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