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Major FICO changes could be bad news for your credit score

April 30, 2020
5 min read
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Editor's Note

</strong>This post has been updated with new information.

Editor's note: This post has been updated with new information.

The way FICO scores are calculated is changing pretty dramatically, and it could lower your credit score.

Fair Isaac Corporation — more commonly known as FICO — announced it will score consumers more harshly based on their debt levels and loan payments starting this summer. The purpose of this change is for FICO to be able to more accurately calculate the risk of a consumer to lenders.

(Photo by Hero Images/Getty Images)

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While the changes are set to take place during summer 2020, consumers likely won't see changes, if any, to their credit score until summer 2021 or later. That's because the new reporting version is released in phases. This summer, the credit bureaus will adopt the new version as a part of phase two, but it could take a year or longer before phase three — when lenders adopt the change — is initiated.

What is the new scoring system?

FICO 10 T — the new reporting version — will place a greater weight on missed payments, meaning that consumers who have fallen behind on repayments will likely see a drop in their credit score. On the plus side, consumers could see a credit score increase if a delinquency is over a year old.

The Wall Street Journal reported that "FICO updates its scoring model every few years to reflect changes in consumer borrowing behavior and performance. When it last announced such changes, in 2014, they were viewed as likely to help boost consumers’ credit scores."

Related reading: How to improve your credit score

FICO will reportedly flag certain customers who sign up for personal loans. That could ding you if you transfer credit card balances and then rack up more credit card debt. They'll also continue a recent industry trend of including information from bank account balances and utility payments.

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Related reading: 4 incorrect assumptions about your credit score

In the fourth quarter of 2019, the Federal Reserve reported that that U.S. consumers had accumulated $930 billion in debt. This may help explain why FICO made adjustments to its scoring model, although the five factors it considers will remain the same.

(Image courtesy of FICO)

"Unlike previous FICO scores, 10 T will assess how consumers’ debt levels have changed during the past two or so years. FICO scores so far have reflected consumers’ balances during roughly the most recent month tracked. This change will place more weight on rising debt levels. Consumers who previously paid their credit-card bills in full but shift to carrying growing balances for several months will likely end up with a lower score," reported AnnaMaria Andriotis of The Wall Street Journal.

That said, not all lenders will adopt the new scoring systems.

What does this mean for you?

If you have and continue to follow the first commandment of travel rewards cards — thou shalt pay thy balance in full — then you shouldn't have too much to worry about.

Related reading: 5 ways to improve your credit score

The new version of FICO will most notably affect borrowers who have been carrying balances over the past 24 months. FICO estimates that roughly 110 million consumers will see a change to their credit score. Of those, approximately 40 million consumers should see an upward shift over 20 points, while another 40 million will see a shift downward.

However, given the current economic situation due to the coronavirus pandemic, you may be carrying more balances than you had prior.

If you find yourself in this situation, you can call your lender or credit bureau and ask that a "natural disaster code" be applied to your credit report. This is by no means a cure-all solution — nor will it protect your credit score — but it will protect your VantageScore (the complimentary credit score you can see through programs such as Chase's Credit Journey) from any delinquent reporting being added to your account.

Related reading: 5 ways the global recession is affecting credit cards and banks — and the upside for some cardholders

In the meantime, FICO is encouraging credit holders to practice credit vigilance. This is something that you should always do, but here's your reminder on how important it is.

Bottom line

If you've been a responsible borrower, then this new model will likely improve your credit score. However, if you've been carrying a balance, it's time to bring your bills up to date.

Featured image by Getty Images/iStockphoto

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Card Rating is based on the opinion of TPG‘s editors and is not influenced by the card issuer.
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10XEarn unlimited 10X miles on hotels and rental cars booked through Capital One Travel
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Why We Chose It

The Capital One Venture X card is one of the best all-round travel credit cards ever launched. Not only is it offering a tremendous welcome bonus, but cardholders can earn tons of miles on everyday spending and receive a 10,000-mile anniversary bonus to boot. Its annual fee is $395, but cardholders can count on up to $300 in statement credits toward travel booked through Capital One Travel each year and other valuable benefits like access to Priority Pass lounges and Capital One’s own growing family of airport lounges.

Pros

  • Excellent welcome offer worth 75,000 miles after you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first three months.
  • Up to $300 in annual travel statement credits toward bookings make through Capital One Travel.
  • 10,000 bonus miles (worth $100 toward travel) each account anniversary.

Cons

  • The $395 annual fee might be expensive for some, but this card’s benefits provide much more value than that.
  • If you don’t travel frequently, this might not be the best card for you.
  • Earn 75,000 bonus miles when you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first 3 months from account opening, equal to $750 in travel
  • Receive up to $300 back annually as statement credits for bookings through Capital One Travel, where you'll get Capital One's best prices on thousands of options
  • Get 10,000 bonus miles (equal to $100 towards travel) every year, starting on your first anniversary
  • Earn unlimited 10X miles on hotels and rental cars booked through Capital One Travel and 5X miles on flights booked through Capital One Travel
  • Earn unlimited 2X miles on all other purchases
  • Unlimited complimentary access for you and two guests to 1,400+ lounges, including Capital One Lounges and our Partner Lounge Network
  • Receive up to a $100 credit for Global Entry or TSA PreCheck®
  • Use your Venture X miles to easily cover travel expenses, including flights, hotels, rental cars and more—you can even transfer your miles to your choice of 15+ travel loyalty programs
  • Named editors' choice for "Best New Credit Card of 2021" by The Points Guy
  • Earn 10 miles per dollar when you book on Turo, the world's largest car sharing marketplace, through May 16, 2023