How to best use cash while traveling abroad
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We talk a lot about using cards here at TPG — both credit cards that can earn valuable travel rewards and travel debit cards that can help you avoid foreign transaction fees. If you are paying the bill at a large five-star hotel, you will probably be able to pay by card.
But there are plenty of situations when traveling that using cash is unavoidable. Tipping a bartender, buying a drink from a corner shop or a meal at a small, rural family-run restaurant are all situations that may all need physical cash.
So here are some tips for using cash while traveling.
Wait until you reach your destination to exchange cash
You may have seen cash machines at airports offering cash in multiple currencies. Convenient, right? You will pay dearly for that convenience.
The machine will either impose fees for withdrawals in foreign currencies, or more likely give you an awful rate. Similarly, those currency exchange booths located conveniently airside at airports while you wait for your flight will also give below market rate for your cash.
You will usually receive a better rate if you wait until you arrive at your destination to physically exchange foreign currency for local currency.
Like shopping around for souvenirs or duty-free alcohol, you might find slightly different rates for the same currency exchanges depending on the location or retailer. If you’re in the arrivals hall of an airport and need to exchange cash to pay for a taxi into town and there are multiple currency exchange booths, it’s worth spending a few minutes quickly comparing their rates. They may be very similar, but the difference between one booth offering even 1% higher can be worth checking — especially if you are exchanging a large amount.
Ensure you are comparing like-for-like — one booth offering a surprisingly good rate might be slugging you with a large transaction fee while the other, slightly higher rate may be fee-free.
Have enough, but not too much cash on you
Should you take enough cash with you for the whole trip and exchange it at the destination for the best rate? While this would avoid foreign cash machine fees, the more cash you are carrying with you, the greater the risk something could happen to it. I would not recommend a big night out on the town with $500 (or the local equivalent) in cash in your wallet. This isn’t smart traveling. Using hotel safes can help to keep the money more secure.
You want to have enough money on you for what you need, but not so much that it becomes a liability. I would generally keep enough cash to last a couple of days of incidentals (that I cannot use my card for). I would not keep a week’s cash in my pocket — I don’t need it all there and then, so don’t want to risk something happening to it.
Be aware of cash machine fees
This is where it can get tricky. You may have a card that allows cash withdrawals abroad where your card issuer may not charge a cash withdrawal fee. It is critical to know if you will still be charged a fee by the cash machine operator itself. Most foreign cash machines will charge a fee for withdrawing cash. In Thailand, for example, you could be looking at a fee as much as $6 per withdrawal.
Some travel and debit card operators may waive/absorb this fee as part of its product offering, though many will pass this on to the cardholder.
The best way to check is in the fees and charges section of your card’s terms and conditions. If there is wording along the lines of “we do not charge fees of our own, however, you may be charged a fee by the cash issuer”, that means there could be a substantial fee each time you withdraw cash. If there is, this is likely to be a fixed fee per withdrawal, rather than based on the percentage of cash you withdraw. In this case, it may save to either bring cash in your home currency with you (to exchange at your destination) or make less frequent, larger withdrawals to reduce the fees you are paying.
Liquidate your coins
If you do end up with cash at the end of your trip, you can usually exchange it back or to another currency if you are traveling on to somewhere else. However, currency exchangers will usually not accept coins and deal in notes only. If you end up with a handful of foreign coins at the end of a trip, try and use them up — it can be a good use to purchase a small souvenir or snack at an airport as you are leaving the country rather than getting home, not being able to use them and then they sit in a drawer forever.
Try and use cards where you can
Though this guide is about using physical cash, it’s worth noting that there are many benefits to using cards overseas where possible. It’s worth asking at places like restaurants if you can pay by card, even if it isn’t obvious if you can.
Cards are convenient — you don’t have to worry about exchange rates or the safety of carrying big wads of cash with you. You can avoid fees and maybe even earn rewards. Always select to pay in local currency if using a card to get a market rate. Choosing your home currency will give you a worse rate.
Cash can be a frustrating but necessary evil of traveling. At some destinations you can use cards instead but there are many places, especially in developing areas, where cash is still king. There are costs and complications involved which are part of traveling, but with these tips, you should be able to minimize them.
Featured photo by Getty/Pakin Songmor.
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