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I always advocate using rewards credit cards to help you fulfill your award travel aspirations. As one of the foremost expenses for many Americans, college tuition can be a great opportunity to earn points and miles, but the fees involved with using a credit card can make it a losing proposition. Today TPG Contributor Nick Ewen explains when paying college tuition with a credit card makes sense, and when it doesn’t.
With the end of August approaching, many people are getting ready to head back (or send their kids back) to college. It’s no secret that the costs of education are creeping (or rocketing) higher each year. However, many institutions allow tuition and other fees to be paid using a credit card, which creates the opportunity to earn massive amounts of points & miles. So to help you maximize your award travel, and to hopefully alleviate some of the financial burden of higher learning, in this post I’ll discuss when it might make sense to pay college tuition with a credit card (and when it doesn’t).
Right off the bat, you’ll want to investigate whether your institution allows this as an option. A quick call to the finance office or registrar should do the trick; I’ve also found that most colleges make this information readily available on their websites. You can also search for something like “Insert college name here tuition credit card” in Google, and it will likely take you directly to the site. Keep in mind that many colleges change their policies from year to year, so make sure the information you’re looking at remains valid, and be sure to double check with your institution.
Generally speaking, colleges should fall into one of three categories:
- Tuition cannot be paid with a credit card (like my undergraduate alma mater, Wake Forest)
- Tuition can be paid with a credit card with no fee (like one of the graduate schools I attended, University of Nevada-Las Vegas)
- Tuition can be paid with a credit card with a fee (like the University of Florida, where I obtained my MBA)
The first two options are a no brainer. If you can’t pay with a credit card, you’re out of luck. If you can use a credit card without any fee (or with a very low fee below 1% or so), then you ABSOLUTELY should do it, and thank your lucky stars that you can. Of course, remember that any points or miles you earn on credit cards are essentially negated by interest and finance charges (which are unfortunately much more expensive than student loans), so you should only charge tuition to a credit card if you can pay the balance off in full.
The third category above is a little murkier; does it ever make sense to incur an additional fee to use a credit card? My answer is an emphatic YES. Let’s take a look at a few examples.
Meeting minimum spend
Just about all credit cards that offer sign-up bonuses require you to hit a certain minimum spend threshold (the US Airways MasterCard is a notable exception, offering 40,000 miles after a single purchase). Many spending requirements are easy to hit, like the $2,000 needed to earn 50,000 Avios on the British Airways Visa. However, some of the higher numbers present a more daunting challenge, especially if you open multiple cards at the same time. If the only way you’ll be able to hit a minimum spend threshold is by incurring a fee, it’s likely worth doing.
For example, let’s suppose that you have a $10,000 tuition payment coming due for the University of Florida, which charges a 2.6% fee for paying with a credit card. Let’s also suppose that you applied for the Citi Executive AAdvantage MasterCard last month, which (at the time) was offering 100,000 American AAdvantage miles when you spent $10,000 in the first three months of cardmembership. If you had absolutely no other way to meet that minimum spend requirement, then charging the tuition would have made sense. You’d be earning 110,260 AAdvantage miles for $260 in fees ($10,000 x 2.6%), which works out to a measly 0.236 cents/mile. TPG values AAdvantage miles at 1.7 cents/mile, so this clearly works in your favor.
The important thing to note about this calculation is that it assumes that you have NO other way of hitting the $10,000 minimum spend threshold. If you can shift fee-free spending from other cards over those three months, that is obviously preferable to paying the 2.6% fee, but if you open multiple cards at once and may miss out on a windfall like this because you don’t have enough monthly spend to go around, then incurring the fee is well worth it.
Another angle here involves the timing of the sign-up bonus. Suppose you have a $5,000 tuition bill coming due with the same 2.6% fee. Now suppose that you just opened the Chase Ink Bold card, which is currently offering 50,000 Ultimate Rewards points after $5,000 spend in the first three months of cardmembership. You may have no problem hitting that number within three months. But what if you need to have those points sooner rather than later?
Maybe you have a honeymoon coming up in a couple of months, and you’re hoping to transfer those points to Hyatt to book two nights at the Park Hyatt Maldives (possibly to complement the two free nights from the Hyatt Visa). Or maybe you’re trying to book an award ticket using United miles, and you desperately need those 50,000 miles to top off your account for that first class seat. In either case, if availability isn’t great and you’re afraid of missing out on the award, it might make sense for you to incur the $130 fee.
That seems like a paltry amount compared to the stress of finding an alternate plan for a big trip. Just keep in mind that the timing for receiving sign-up bonuses can vary widely. Most cards will give a disclaimer along the lines of “Please allow 4-6 weeks for bonus points/free night certificates to post to your account.” In fact, the Chase Ink family of cards claims that their bonus points will take 6-8 weeks to show up. However, I just hit the minimum spend on my new Chase Ink, and the points showed up immediately:
My point here is to be careful, and recognize that nothing is guaranteed in the points & miles arena. Availability changes literally every second, so you can never be sure that incurring this fee for paying college tuition will “pay off” (so to speak). However, a $130 insurance policy for expediting a sign-up bonus may well be worth it.
Annual spend threshold
Another angle to consider is whether charging college expenses will help you meet an annual spend threshold to unlock additional benefits and rewards that wouldn’t be available otherwise. Again, the critical point here is that you wouldn’t be able to hit those thresholds in any way without incurring the fee for paying tuition. For example, consider the anniversary weekend night certificate provided with $10,000 in yearly spend on the Citi Hilton Reserve card. While you can definitely get a ton of value out of this free night, the threshold is low enough that you may be able to reach it anyway.
However, there are many other cards with bonuses that would otherwise be out of reach. Depending on your travel patterns, it may be worth incurring the fee to reach these thresholds.
One example of this is the British Airways travel together ticket offered to cardholders of the Chase British Airways Visa who spend $30,000 on the card in a calendar year. This basically works as a buy one, get one free award ticket: you redeem your Avios for a British Airways flight, and you can bring along a companion without using additional points. (Unfortunately, you still need to pay taxes & fees on the second ticket, which can be significant.) You also need to find availability, and as TPG found earlier this year, it isn’t always easy. Still, if you’re planning a trip to Europe for two and intend on using Avios, this could be a good option.
Again, you would want to compare the value you’re getting out of the travel together redemption with the fee you’d incur to pay tuition on your card. Let’s go back to the first example: a $10,000 tuition payment at the University of Florida (assuming you have the other $20,000 of the spending requirement covered). As calculated above, paying this with a credit card adds a fee of $260, so if you’re getting more than that out of a British Airways ticket, it could be worth your while.
For example, suppose you wanted to book a first class ticket for next year from New York to London-Heathrow. A round-trip flight would set you back 120,000 Avios plus $1204.44 in taxes & fees. Booking the same trip for two people would double that. As long as you can find availability for two (like there is on April 7-18), you would only need 120,000 Avios plus $2408.88 in taxes & fees:
If you didn’t have the travel together ticket (and didn’t have enough Avios for two redemptions), you would book yourself using 120,000 Avios (plus $1204.44) and then pay for your companion. Right now, those flights are pricing out at a cool $12,501.44 per person. When you remove the taxes & fees you would pay in either case, you’d be paying a $260 fee on the college tuition to save $11,297 in airfare. Even if you would never want to spend that amount of money out-of-pocket, this still represents a significant value, and if it wouldn’t be possible without charging the tuition, then incurring the fee makes sense.
Another example would be hitting a spend threshold on a Delta co-branded American Express card (see this post for more information on choosing the right one for you). Remember, this is the first year where Delta counts Medallion Qualification Dollars (MQDs) as a required component for earning (or retaining) status. However, this requirement is waived for any Delta American Express cardholders that spend at least $25,000 in a calendar year. If you’re short of an MQD threshold but could use the tuition payment to earn the MQD waiver, it might make sense to incur a fee to do so.
The final scenario in which incurring a fee may make sense is when you value the points you would earn highly, or have a specific use in mind that would allow you to come out ahead. TPG just posted his August valuations of the various points & miles currencies out there, and you may have your own way of valuing specific points & miles. When a college charges a fee to use a credit card, it is in essence a buy miles transaction. Depending on the amount of that fee and the value of the points or miles that you earn, you may come out ahead.
Let’s change things up a bit and look at a different institution: the University of Texas. According to the website of the Office of the Registrar, Texas charges a 1.75% convenience fee for paying tuition with a credit card. Let’s say that you have a $10,000 bill, and you decide to put it on your Starwood Preferred Guest Card from American Express. This transaction would incur a $175 fee, bringing your purchase total to $10,175. That would earn you 10,175 Starpoints. Using TPG’s August valuation, 10,175 Starpoints x $0.023 = $234.03. With this math, the fee makes sense, since you value the Starpoints earned ($244.02) more than the fee ($175).
This can also come into play with a specific redemption. For example, if you’re looking to spend New Year’s Eve in New York City, not only is availability limited, but also paid room rates are astronomical! However, you see that the W New York – Union Square has rooms available for 20,000 Starpoints (or $750) per night:
Your tuition payment would cover over half of that room rate (or $375). In this specific case, incurring the $175 fee essentially creates $375 in “value,” which is a big win in my book.
At the end of the day, we all have personal methods for valuing miles, and your specific needs may make it worthwhile to pay a fee in order to use a credit card towards college tuition. If you’re fortunate enough to have a college that doesn’t tack on any fees for using a credit card, take advantage of it! More and more institutions are moving away from this arrangement, so that little perk may not be around for much longer. The most important step is to be informed. Investigate your school’s payment policies, and if there’s a fee, crunch the numbers (like I do above) to see if charging tuition makes sense. You might be surprised by what you find out.
Have you charged tuition or other college expenses to a credit card? Are you thinking about doing so for the coming school year, but not sure if it’s a good idea? Please share your feedback and questions in the comments below!